Red cabbage – growing and care
The difference between white and red cabbage in color and chemical composition. Red cabbage is stored much better, while maintaining all the beneficial properties.
Red cabbage varieties
Like most crucifers, red cabbage varieties can be early ripening, mid-ripening and late.
The highest taste and shelf life of such varieties as Kalibos, Auto, Rubin MS, Gako.
Based on the characteristics, each gardener will be able to choose the most suitable variety of red cabbage. The appearance of red cabbage (photo) is usually illustrated on the package with seeds..
- Pallet – late ripening red cabbage variety (150 days). Round head of cabbage, weighing up to 1.8 kg, excellent storage.
- Nurima F1 – early variety (80 days), a head of cabbage of excellent taste, average weight 2.5 kg, not intended for long-term storage.
- Kalibos – a variety of medium ripening, cone-shaped heads of cabbage up to 2 kg, not whimsical to the cultivation conditions.
- Stone head is a late variety with a high yield, not susceptible to diseases.
How to properly grow red cabbage?
Depending on the variety, a head of red cabbage is formed in 105-200 days. It can be grown by seed and seedlings..
With the seed method of growing red cabbage, a large number of seeds are consumed, moreover, at the beginning of the growing season, the sprouts require careful care. Sowing with seeds in the southern regions is carried out in March-April, in the northern regions the period is shifted to the period April-June.
How to properly grow by seed?
The calibrated seeds are pickled in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, or they are immersed in hot water (50 ° C) for 20 minutes, and then cooled. The prepared seeds are sown in fertile soil, sowing 4 seeds in each hole. Sprinkle them on top with soil or a mixture of peat and humus. The minimum distance between the holes is 60 cm, and cabbage seeds are sealed to a depth of 4 cm.To protect future seedlings from cruciferous fleas, the soil is powdered with ash.
When 2-3 true leaves are formed on the plants, thinning is carried out, leaving 2 copies in each hole, and after a while another one is removed in favor of the better developed one. Seedlings of red cabbage carefully removed from the hole can be transplanted. The plant remaining in the hole is spud.
Seedling method of growing
Seeds are prepared in the same way before sowing. You can germinate cabbage seedlings on the windowsill in seedling boxes or pots, in greenhouses, unheated greenhouses or in open nurseries..
Prepared soil is poured into the boxes, consisting of equal parts of sod land and peat. With this method of growing seedlings, it is important to monitor the temperature regime – the column should not fall below the 16-20 ° C mark before shoots appear. After that, the temperature is reduced for a week to 8 ° С, and after that the seedlings are grown at a temperature of 12-15 ° С.
Red cabbage seedlings are ready for transplanting by May, when 5-6 leaves have formed on the plant and it is well hardened.
Before transplanting, prepare the soil in the same way as for white cabbage. Red cabbage grows best on fertile, loose and light soils with an acidity of 5.5-7.0 pH. On acidic soil, red cabbage does not grow at all. The best place for this crop would be a well-lit ridge that has been home to cucumbers, tomatoes, onions, legumes, beets or potatoes last year. So that the plants are not affected by the keel, the red cabbage is returned to the previous place of cultivation after 4 years. The soil on the ridge has been prepared since autumn, adding organic matter. If there is none, use nitroammofosku as fertilizer.
Transplanting grown red cabbage seedlings is carried out according to the following technology: potassium fertilizer or ammonium nitrate is introduced into the hole, the fertilizer is mixed with the soil, spilled with a small amount of water, and the seedlings are planted. The soil around is compacted, after which it is spilled with warm water..
Caring for red cabbage
Further measures for the cultivation of red cabbage are reduced to weeding, loosening the soil, hilling and timely watering.
Watering. Like any other type of cabbage, this crop is moisture-loving. Lack of moisture affects the yield and quality of the heads of cabbage. It is useful from time to time to carry out abundant sprinkling of red cabbage plantings so that the drops drip from the leaves. Moisture for this type of cabbage is extremely necessary during the formation of rosettes of leaves, their growth until the moment of closing in the aisles. Also, abundant watering should be carried out during the period of head formation. However, you should not flood the plantings, since red cabbage does not tolerate stagnant moisture and excessively moist soil..
Loosening and hilling. The first loosening of plantings is carried out a week after planting. Caring for red cabbage involves regular aeration of the soil for good root development of the plant. When the third loosening is carried out, the stalk of the cabbage is spud up to the level of the first leaves.
Top dressing. During the period of active growth of leaves, cabbage is fed with nitrogen fertilizer, and when the head of cabbage begins to form, phosphorus and potassium should dominate in the feeding. If there is a lot of nitrogen, the plant will continue to grow leaves to the detriment of head formation..
Diseases and pests. Cabbage is badly damaged by aphids, moths, thrips, cabbage and scoop, fleas, flies. But most often the cabbage dies from the keel. In wet and rainy weather, cabbage can be affected by vascular and mucous bacteriosis, fusarium.
Control methods for all types of cabbage are the same. Keel will be saved only by maintaining the correct crop rotation. For insects, insecticides or folk methods are used: dusting with tobacco dust and ash, spraying with infusions of garlic, onions or wormwood.
Red cabbage Garanci – video