How to sow carrots: video, tips, recommendations
Carrots are a storehouse of vitamins and minerals. Every gardener tries to plant it. Getting a good harvest isn’t that difficult. The main thing is to observe the sowing time and know some of the nuances. We will talk about them now..
On the subject: how to sow carrots so as not to thin out later?
Planting dates for carrots
To begin with, it must be said that carrots differ from each other in terms of ripening. There are early, middle and late varieties.
Depending on this, the period when you can sow carrots in open ground will change..
- Early varieties of carrots can be sown after relatively positive temperatures (about +3 degrees) are established outside. Usually this period falls at the end of April and beginning of May. Planted carrots in this way ripen in the summer..
- Medium and late varieties of carrots are planted around the same period – from May 1 to May 20. Sometimes this period is extended until the beginning of June. Such carrots are suitable for long-term storage..
Some experienced gardeners practice planting carrots in late fall. This allows you to harvest much earlier – by about two weeks. The optimal planting dates in this case are the end of October and the beginning of November. The main thing is that there are no return temperatures above zero. Otherwise, the seeds may germinate. Let’s add that this method has one big drawback. If the winter turns out to be very harsh, there is a high probability that the seeds will freeze and will not sprout in the spring..
The process of preparing for sowing carrots
Before you start sowing carrots, you need to take care of preparing the soil. This crop does not grow well on heavy loamy soil. Therefore, it is better to set aside a bed with light soil under the carrots (it is good if the earth is mixed with a small amount of sand).
You can not bring fresh manure under the bed with carrots. This will negatively affect the development of this crop – the root crop is likely to grow weak and will be very poorly stored..
Novice gardeners usually do not attach much importance to this item, but in vain. Thanks to proper seed treatment, the plant develops much better and gives a bountiful harvest. There are a lot of ways to process seed. Perhaps the most effective of these is soaking the seeds in potassium permanganate (weak solution). This method allows you to protect future root crops from pests and all kinds of diseases..
Some gardeners soak seeds in various growth stimulants to get an early harvest. In this case, the question of how to sow carrots so that they can sprout quickly disappears by itself..
Garden bed preparation
The optimal size of the beds: width 1 meter, length 5. Of course, these are only approximate parameters. The final version depends on the preferences of the gardener. Before planting carrots in the spring, using, for example, a shovel handle, you need to make furrows. It is in them that the seeds are sown.
The width of such a groove is about 6 cm. The distance between them is 20 cm. Before you start planting carrots, the grooves are carefully spilled with a solution of potassium permanganate. This is done so that the root vegetables are less painful..
Carrot seeds are sown in prepared furrows at a distance of 1-1.5 cm. The crops are sprinkled on top with peat (you can add sand). It would seem, why do this? The answer is quite simple: if the soil is dense, then the seeds germinate very poorly, and if, on the contrary, then you can count on friendly shoots. After the seeds are planted, it remains only to shed well (use cold water) the garden.
Acceleration of the seed germination process
Of course, any gardener always wants seedlings to appear as early as possible. There are many ways to speed up this process. We will tell you about the method, which is based on the use of conventional polyethylene. Everything is very simple. You need to take a film and cover the garden with it so that an air gap of about 12 cm remains between the polyethylene coating and the ground. After that, you need to give time for the seeds to germinate. When using this method, one week is usually enough. When shoots appear, the polyethylene is removed. If this is not done, then the seedlings that have not yet gained strength may die..
Choosing “neighbors” for carrots
As we already said, in order to get a good harvest of carrots, you need to know about some nuances. One of them is the correct choice of “neighbors” (those plants with which a given agricultural crop grows well). In fact, carrots can get along quite well with many plants. The list of the most successful “neighbors” includes: onions, garlic, tomatoes, radishes, lettuce, and peas.
And one more little trick: to prevent plantings from being hit by a carrot fly, experienced gardeners recommend surrounding them with tobacco, rosemary or sage. Plants that negatively affect the development of carrots include dill and anise..
In this article, we have answered many questions. After reading it, it will become clear when to plant carrots in open ground, how to sow this crop, and also how to accelerate the rate of seed germination. Using the above recommendations, you can easily grow on your personal plot, to the envy of your neighbors and to your delight, a rich harvest of carrots. The main thing is to be patient and everything will definitely work out..