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Delight in the shade of an evergreen spruce

ate in the wild Every person at least once in his life thought about the beauty of the nature around us. Evergreen cedars and spruces, mighty oaks, slender poplars and cute birches amaze with their splendor.

And how pleasant it is to spend time in the coniferous forest, enjoying the unique aroma? In order to experience such pleasure as often as possible, many people plant an evergreen beauty spruce in their personal plot.

Why is this tree so attractive? Its appearance, useful properties, as well as ease of care.

General characteristics of an evergreen tree

majestic spruce Majestic spruce grows almost throughout the Northern Hemisphere. They are known about them in America, Europe and the Far East. Such trees adorn the Ural and Caucasian mountains. They grow in the steppe zone and are grown in cities. They are the basis of the Siberian taiga, where the pristine beauty of nature reigns. Found in mixed forests, perfectly adjacent to deciduous trees.

Spruce trees are slender trees, growing from 35 m in height to 50 m. During the first 10 years, they grow very slowly and only in height. For a year – only a few centimeters. During this period, a taproot is formed in the tree, which is firmly fixed in the soil. After 15 years, the superficial part of the root system begins to develop. Thanks to this, the growth of the spruce accelerates up to 120 years of age, and then slows down again..

The tree has a crown that resembles a pyramid with a pointed top. Throughout the trunk, almost perpendicular to it, there are dense branches. The trunk of a young spruce is colored gray-brown. Older trees are distinguished by gray bark, which peels off in small plates..

lush spruce needlesTetrahedral or flat needles grow in a spiral on the branches. Its viability lasts for 6 years. The one that falls off is regularly updated. The color of the needles happens:

  • green;
  • blue;
  • yellowish;
  • bluish gray.

tall treeIn addition, the needles glamorously shine, albeit very sharp. Despite this, the prickly spruce shown in the photo is awe-inspiring..

Like any tree, spruce blooms and bears fruit. Usually these are cylindrical cones, slightly pointed in shape. They grow up to 15 cm in length and consist of small scales, inside of which are hidden seeds..fruits ate cones

In the middle of autumn, they ripen and are carried away by gusts of wind in different directions. Each seed does not lose its germination for 10 years, so it is not known when and where a new tree will appear..

For the successful growth of an evergreen beauty, suitable conditions are necessary. Namely:

  1. Shady terrain.
  2. Moderate moisture.
  3. Suitable climate.
  4. Loose soil.

Usually the tree is not afraid of cold weather, but too sultry and prolonged summer can harm it. Therefore, when growing spruce at your dacha, you should take into account the climate.

If young trees are planted in an open area, they can suffer from sunburn. They need moderate watering and fear drought.

In the natural environment, there are about 50 species of evergreen beauty. Many of them grow in their natural environment. Others are considered decorative, therefore they are grown in urban areas and in summer cottages..

Popular types of spruce in nature

Since evergreen spruces have a different crown shape and color of needles, they are divided into different types. Let’s get acquainted with the most popular varieties.

Common European spruce

European spruceAn evergreen beauty of this species reaches 30 m in height. Sometimes there are real giants – about 50 meters. The crown of European spruce is cone-shaped, it can be about 8 meters in diameter. Most often it is dense with a pointed top..

The branches are located on the trunk in a drooping or prostrate form. The bark is smooth, dark gray. In adulthood, it becomes reddish and flakes off in thin plates, which is considered a natural process.

European spruce is characterized by needle-shaped needles, tough and prickly to the touch. It has a four-sided shape with a sharp tip. Color – dark green with a shiny tint. On the branches, the needles remain for about 12 years, after which they crumble and are replaced by a new one..

unripe cones of European common spruceIt begins to bloom in late spring or early summer. Male reddish inflorescences and female green spikelets appear on the branches. Fruits are cylindrical cones 15 cm long.In an unripe state, they are colored green or purple, when ripe, they acquire a reddish tint.

To understand how fast the common spruce grows, you can watch it. For the first 10 years, a young tree practically sits in place. But this is only at first glance, the spruce just grows very slowly at first. But then the growth accelerates. Each year the trunk grows 50 cm high and 15 cm wide. If you endure the first 10 years, you will receive a majestic green beauty as a reward.

In addition, there are many ornamental types of common spruce..

Acrocona

spruce AcroconaThe tree grows up to 3 m in height. The crown width reaches 4 m. The shape is a wide cone. The branches are semi-descended, on which the tetrahedral, needle-shaped needles grow. It is usually dark green in color with a shiny sheen..

A young tree has a gray and smooth bark. Later it becomes reddish or brown in color, acquiring roughness.

During the year, the spruce grows 10 cm in height and 8 cm in width. It blooms in May. Pinkish bumps appear first. When ripe, they take on a red tint.

This variety of spruce is considered frost-resistant and shade-tolerant..

Aurea

spruce AureaThis type of spruce can grow up to 10 m in height. Its unique beauty is reflected in the shiny yellowish-white needles. For this she is called golden.

If the tree grows in an open area, it can be damaged by sunlight. In the shade, golden needles lose their unique shade. It grows up to 12 cm per year.

Will Zwerg

spruce Will ZwergA short evergreen beauty grows only up to 2 meters. The crown diameter reaches 80 cm. At a young age, the tree has a smooth brownish bark. With age, the trunk acquires a reddish tint and roughness.

The needles are of a tetrahedral configuration, reminiscent of long needles. On a young seedling, it is light green, on an adult – in a dark tone. Usually grows slowly.

Dwarf spruce Will Zwerg loves shaded places, so when choosing a planting site, this fact should be taken into account. Otherwise, the tree may suffer from sunburn..

Nidiformis

spruce NidiformisA unique decorative spruce of this kind resembles a large nest. Her crown is rounded. Sometimes it is flat, but it always looks neat and compact. Diameter – 2.5 meters.

It grows generally up to 1.2 m in height. The annual growth rate is 5 cm.The needles are bright green, short and tough.

Nidiformis perfectly tolerates shadows. Dislikes stagnant water. Frost resistant. Often used to decorate garden spaces.

Choosing spruce in the nursery for your garden – video

Spruce prickly

charming prickly spruceThorny spruce is also widespread in nature. It is found in the picturesque valleys of mountain rivers or streams in Canada and the United States. The tree belongs to the Pine family. It grows up to 30 meters, while the trunk can be 1.5 m in diameter. A truly majestic beauty!

The needles of prickly spruce can be of various shades. The color ranges from bluish green to bluish hues. The buds are reddish at first and light brown when ripe. Length – from 5 to 10 cm.

The prickly spruce is considered an old-timer. Its life span reaches 600 years. For her unusual beauty, she became a symbol of the American state of Colorado..

The name “Thorny spruce” applies only to wild trees. Varietal varieties are called – Glauka.

Such an evergreen beauty loves a lot of light, although she feels great in the shade. Cultural options take root well in city parks and summer cottages. In this photo – spruce prickly Glauka is shown in all its beauty and grandeur.

lush adult beauty prickly spruceThere are many decorative varieties derived from the prickly beauty. Each of them has its own characteristics, which I would like to draw your attention to..

Evergreen trees with blue or grayish needles are especially impressive. They are distinguished by a conical crown, on which cones are evenly scattered. In their natural environment, they live for over 600 years. Those that grow on personal plots live up to 100 years.

To date, breeders have bred over 70 species of blue spruce. The Glauka spruce shown in the photo is one of the examples of human creativity..

decorative spruce pricklyThe decorative types include not only the classic versions of blue spruces, but also undersized specimens. Some of them resemble evergreen shrubs with a fluffy crown. They grow up to 1.5 meters in height.

Almost all decorative varieties of prickly spruce are frost-resistant and can freely withstand air temperatures down to -35 ° C. Consider some popular varieties.

Blue dwarf spruce

blue dwarf spruceMost often, this type of spruce is used to decorate summer cottages and garden paths. Since the tree grows no taller than 2 m, its branches will not hang overhead. They grow slowly – 3 or 5 cm per year.

The spruce is not afraid of shaded places, therefore, in such conditions, it does not require special care. It is enough to regularly observe the plant and, if necessary, treat it with chemicals from parasites. The blue dwarf spruce propagates mainly with the help of cuttings. Thanks to this, it is not difficult to breed it at home..

Blue beauty Oldenburg

Blue beauty OldenburgThe name of the variety indicates that the tree was bred in Germany. It grows up to 15 m in height, with an annual growth rate of 35 cm.The spruce has a conical crown, the diameter of which can reach 7 meters.

The needles are blue, but tough to the touch. Loves fertile soil and spacious areas. Used as a decorative tree in parks or summer cottages.

Spruce blue Glauka

spruce blue GlaukaIt is interesting that this type of evergreen beauty is of two varieties:

  • classic;
  • dwarf.

The classic version of the tree grows up to 25 meters. It is used for coniferous plantings outside the city. In addition, the classic blue glauca spruce perfectly emphasizes the architecture of many administrative buildings. The dwarf version of the blue spruce reaches no more than 2 m in height. Growth rate – 10 cm per year.dwarf blue spruce Glauka

To propagate this type of spruce, the best seedlings grown from seeds are selected. Often a tree is planted by grafting. Proper planting and care of Glauka spruce helps to get a beautiful tree.

It is better to plant such a spruce in spring on moist loamy soil. So she can strengthen and prepare for the winter. During the warm season, the tree is fed with specialized fertilizers..

For planting dwarf blue spruce, do not use completely shaded areas. Too wet soil can lead to stem rot.

Regular fluffing of the soil near the roots of the tree promotes rapid growth. The main thing is to do it carefully so as not to damage the root system..

If a reddish tint appears on the needles, it means that the tree has been affected by a fungus. Special chemicals will help protect spruce from diseases.

On hot summer days, 12 liters of water for a week is enough for young seedlings. However, it should not be too cold..

As you can see, planting and caring for a dwarf spruce species is quite simple..

spruce glauka globozaMany gardeners are attracted by the dwarf spruce Glauka Globoza. At first, the tree has a spherical crown that is slightly flattened. After 15 years, the main shoot appears, giving it a triangular shape. In this photo, the Glauka Globoza spruce resembles an original blue ball that can decorate any summer cottage.

Unlike deciduous trees, evergreen beauties never leave their pedestal. They add uniqueness to the backyard landscape all year round. Why not plant a blue spruce tree for true enjoyment of nature? Many have been contemplating this beauty for a long time..

Types and varieties of spruce for a summer residence – video

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