Acquaintance with raspberries Pride of Russia or heroes in Russia still remain
In 1992, the “heroic” variety was bred, which in 1998 was named Raspberry Pride of Russia. This variety has everything a gardener can dream of. Large fruits, resistance to disease and frost, as well as the absence of thorns on the shoots. Moreover, the crop yields a rich harvest: up to 4-5 kg per bush or 20 tons per hectare. Still, a shrub plant is very demanding on growing conditions. Therefore, you need to know the basic rules of planting and caring for him..
Raspberry Pride of Russia is very popular
The variety is early maturing, medium early and self-pollinating. The bush reaches a height of 1.5-1.8 m, and some specimens – 2 m. At the same time, the branches are quite straight, stable and thick. On annual stems there is no wax coating and thorns, but slight pubescence is present. The leaves of the culture are very large with a jagged edge. They have a rich green hue. During flowering, the shrub takes on a special decorative appearance due to large white inflorescences, collected in brushes of 15-20 pcs..
The description of the raspberry variety Pride of Russia should include the characteristic features of the berries:
- elongated conical shape with a blunt apex;
- the average weight is 10-12 g (there are up to 18 g);
- juicy red pulp;
- with small bones;
- sweet and sour taste;
- weak “classic” aroma.
The variety is suitable for growing in all regions of Russia, both in the south and in Siberia and the Urals. The culture is resistant to abnormal weather conditions. Withstands drought and severe frosts (-30˚).
At the same time, this type of shrub does not need to be treated with chemicals used to combat aphids or other pests..
The hybrid plant is uniquely resistant to fungal diseases, including:
- botrytis gray.
Culture is also appreciated for the fact that ripe fruits do not crumble, but at the same time they are very easily torn off. During the harvesting process, the berries do not wrinkle, and also do not flow. However, the variety is not suitable for long-term storage (the maximum period is 3-4 days in the refrigerator). In addition, large-fruited raspberries Pride of Russia is not suitable for transportation, especially over long distances.
Saplings begin to bear fruit (July-August) in the second year after planting. Ovaries appear and ripen throughout the entire fruiting period..
Agrotechnics of cultivation familiar to all
Despite the large fruits, the taste of “heroic” raspberries directly depends on the composition of the soil substrate, top dressing, as well as weather conditions. For example, in extreme heat, the berries shrink and shrink, and in rainy summers they become watery and almost tasteless. In addition, the shading of the bushes is bad for the yield. For these reasons, planting and caring for raspberries Pride of Russia is carried out using special, well-thought-out technologies..
Winter with little snow will be a real challenge for the culture. The root system of the bush is very sensitive to icing. This, in turn, causes the plant to die quickly..
Site selection and landing dates
The best option for growing a crop will be a well-lit place in the country. Of course, the shrub will grow well in light partial shade. However, in such conditions, the raspberry Pride of Russia will begin to bear fruit a little worse. Moreover, the berries will acquire a rather sour taste..
Therefore, seedlings are usually planted along:
Such structures will be reliable protection for raspberries from cold northerly and easterly winds. In addition, snow and moisture often accumulate on fences, which will turn out to be additional shelter and a source of water for plants..
By tradition, planting is carried out in the spring in the second half of April, when weather conditions stabilize (at a temperature of 15˚C). If the landing is planned for the fall, then October will be the right time for the event. In the northern regions, this date is calculated so that the shrub can take root before wintering. For this he will need a month.
The variety takes root very well on light loamy and sandy loamy soils. The acidity of the substrate should be neutral. Dense clay soil is not recommended for growing crops, since excess moisture contributes to decay of the root system (this also applies to the close occurrence of groundwater). If there is no other option, then sand is added to the garden (1 m² bucket). Lime is added to reduce acidity (0.5 kg / m²).
Further agricultural techniques for planting raspberries The pride of Russia comes down to a thorough digging of the site, carried out 2 weeks before the planned work. Be sure to remove weeds and apply fertilizers (per 1 m²):
- 2 buckets of humus;
- 30 g of potassium salt (300 g of wood ash can be replaced);
- 50 g superphosphate;
- 500 g lime (for acidic soils).
Some gardeners advise to soak (for 1 hour) the rhizome before planting in a growth promoter. The most effective drugs are recognized as Kornevin, Epin and Zircon. These funds enhance root formation and increase the immunity of the culture..
Farmers recommend several methods of planting raspberries. The bush method involves digging separate holes for each seedling. The dimensions of the planting pit are standard: 50 × 50 cm, up to 60 cm deep.At the same time, an interval between plants of 1 m is observed.
Row landing technology is carried out according to the following scheme:
- trench width – 50 cm;
- depth – 45 cm;
- row spacing – 1.5 m (if different varieties, then 3-4 m);
- distance between bushes – 70 cm.
Several simple techniques are performed during planting. At the bottom, a small mound of organic matter is formed, which is then covered with fertile soil. A seedling is lowered onto the resulting hill. The roots are carefully straightened for successful acclimatization of the plant in a new place. They cover the earth in small portions, lightly tamping the substrate so that voids do not form. The root collar is buried flush with the surface. Water the near-stem circle abundantly with settled warm water (5 l). For intensive growth, each of the shoots is cut at a height of 45 cm from the ground.
Mulching is one of the main rules of agricultural technology for growing raspberries. In this regard, the site is covered with a layer of hay or straw (10 cm). Often, compost or humus is used for these purposes..
Recommendations for choosing a seedling
The fibrous root system of a young plant should be well developed. This is evidenced by an earthen lump completely braided by roots, as well as the absence of mold. In addition, be sure to carefully examine all the shoots. The presence of spots and dried branches indicates poor-quality planting material. They also pry the bark additionally to check if the flesh of the seedling is green..
The capriciousness of the raspberry variety The pride of Russia is that without systematic feeding the crop will be weak.
Therefore, they adhere to the following fertilization scheme (per 1 m²):
- in early spring – nitrogen compounds or 30 g of urea;
- in the flowering phase – potash salt (60 g) or wood ash (300 g);
- in July – nitrophoska (60 g of the drug is diluted in 10 liters);
- at the end of the season – a mixture of potassium salt (40 g) and superphosphate (50 g).
Watering is recommended in arid regions. During flowering and the formation of the ovary, the plant especially needs moisture. At the same time, they make sure that there is no stagnation of water..
The bushes are watered with prepared infusion of mullein (1:10) or chicken droppings (1:20). For each seedling, up to 5 liters of nutrient solution are consumed. “Heroic” harvest is impossible without tying up the bushes and seasonal pruning. At the end of March, dried / frozen shoots are removed from the plant. Only 7 branches are left, cutting them off at a height of 45 cm from the ground. When budding, the bush is shortened by 15 cm. After the foliage is shed, fruiting shoots, as well as thin shoots, are removed. With such care, even more “gigantic” berries are formed on the branches next year..