Sly summer residents do not rest in the fall
September has come. With the arrival of autumn, the main work on the site was completed. Harvesting is the most enjoyable job. Although the cunning summer residents are already taking care of spring plantings and taking seed material. How to properly prepare seeds for spring plantings is described in the article. And here summer residents will be given advice on what can be done to reduce the scope of work that awaits them in the spring..
How seeds are prepared for sowing
Having chosen the most ripe fruits, the gardener withstands them at home a little more until they fully ripen. Then, after removing the pulp from the seeds and rinsing with running water, they are dried in the open air..
Those that plan to plant in the spring are put in bags. In the middle of winter, the seed is hardened. To do this, they are put in the freezer right in the bags for a couple of hours or buried in the snow..
Then each seed is glued with paste on toilet paper so that the distance between them is observed when planting. It is necessary to keep the seeds in this state until they dry completely. After that, the paper is rolled up. Now you need to hide the seed material until spring in a dry, dark place.
In the spring, you will only need to spread the paper on a well-moistened bed and sprinkle it with earth. This will greatly speed up the planting process and reduce labor costs..
We dig horseradish and plant again
You need to dig horseradish in the fall in early October, when the lower leaves of the plant begin to turn yellow. Large roots are selected for use, cleaned of the soil and stored in boxes of dry sand in the cellar. You can put them in a paper bag and keep them in the lower vegetable drawer of the refrigerator..
Small roots are cut into 30 cm each, tied into bunches and added to the same bed until spring. But if you want to save yourself the trouble of planting horseradish in the spring, you can plant these root trimmings already in October so that you do not transplant them in the spring..
Plant something in winter – unload work in spring!
Many crops can be planted in autumn. This will give the plants an advantage. Indeed, with the first rays of the sun, the seeds begin to wake up. By the time other summer residents are just throwing their seeds into the ground that has dried up after snowmelt, the first shoots of the cunning summer residents are already green in the beds.
True, there are some secrets here.
Seeds are planted when the air temperature is 1-3 degrees, since most seeds germinate already at +5. The best time for planting will be such a time that real frosts occur 5-9 days after it. If the seeds “wake up” in the fall and sprout, they will die with the onset of winter. So all the work will go down the drain.
The process itself is as follows:
- The grooves for planting are prepared in October, carefully tamping the soil under them..
- At the same time, soil is stored in bags or boxes, which will be sprinkled with seed material..
- Seeds are planted at a temperature of 1-3 degrees. In some cases, it is possible to carry out these works even with the onset of frost, if the land has been prepared in advance for backfilling the seeds. Watering the beds is not worth it.
- From above, the seeds are sprinkled with pre-prepared soil, tamped again so that in the spring they are not washed out with melt water.
The best garlic is the one that is planted before winter. For planting, the largest teeth are selected from the largest heads.
The mother’s bottom is removed before landing! It is already dead and will only interfere with the formation of roots in young plants..
Garlic is planted before winter in the same way as seeds (this was described above) – in grooves prepared in advance with the onset of a cold snap. It is important to observe the depth of its planting..
There must be at least 3 centimeters of earth from the top of the clove to the surface.
Experienced experts advise to mulch garlic beds in winter so that melt water lingers at the planting site in the spring..
Autumn is the best time to plant trees
It is believed that it is in the fall and even at the beginning of a warm winter that you need to plant:
- apple trees;
- frost-resistant plums;
You can plant from mid-October to the end of November, sometimes in December..
It is important to remember: the seedlings must be fresh! Otherwise, there is a risk that they will not have enough strength to survive the winter frosts..