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Best of its kind – what is parthenocarpic cucumber

Please explain what parthenocarpic cucumber means? Yesterday I went to the store to buy seeds for this year, there was not much time, so I took almost everything. At home I began to examine and saw such an inscription on two packages. Is it some kind of special or species? Is it possible to plant such cucumbers in a greenhouse?

what does parthenocarpic cucumber mean Have you ever had it so that with the abundant flowering of cucumbers, few fruits are tied or none at all? But for gardeners who know what parthenocarpic cucumber means, this does not happen. And all for one simple reason – they do not need pollination, which greatly simplifies cultivation. At the same time, cucumbers grow even tastier than pollinated ones. And have high yields no matter where they grow.

What does parthenocarpic cucumber mean?

features of parthenocarpic cucumbers Parthenocarpic cucumbers are hybrid varieties that absolutely do not need pollination to form ovaries, neither by bees, nor naturally or artificially. Most of these varieties have only female inflorescences at all, on which the fruits are tied. They taste great but are not suitable for seed propagation. Without pollination, cucumbers have no seeds or they are very small and do not ripen. So collecting planting material will not work..

Do not confuse self-pollinated cucumbers with parthenocarpic cucumbers – they are two different species. In the former, pollination takes place and passes on its own. And for this they form both male and female flowers. Parthenocarpics do not need pollination at all..

In addition, among other characteristic features of parthenocarpics, it is worth noting their following properties:

  • yield is several times higher than that of other species;
  • the fruits are dense, of the same size, sweet, without bitterness;
  • cucumbers can be on the plant and not turn yellow for a long time;
  • immunity in hybrids is at a high level and they rarely get sick;
  • the crop is characterized by increased keeping quality.

Among the disadvantages of hybrid cucumbers, there is still a “dislike” for sudden changes in temperature. Also, most varieties grow rather long curly shoots and need a garter. And if it suddenly happens that the cucumbers growing in the beds pollinate the bees, then the fruits can grow deformed and of different sizes.

The best varieties of parthenocarpic cucumbers

Among the parthenocarpics, there are both varieties that are intended exclusively for the greenhouse, and hybrids for open ground. Most of the varieties bear tasty salad fruits. Due to their thin skins, they are not suitable for canning. However, breeders managed to develop hybrids suitable for salting and pickling. Therefore, when buying, be sure to read the description of the variety..

Among the cucumbers that do not need pollination, the following varieties have proven themselves well (names marked F1):

  1. Hermann. Small cucumbers no more than 10 cm long ripen after 40 days and are suitable for pickling. The variety can be grown both in the greenhouse and in the open field..german cucumber variety
  2. Arina. A cold-resistant variety, mainly for greenhouses, but can also grow in garden beds. Fruits up to 15 cm long ripen in 45 days, only for salad purposes.Arina cucumber variety
  3. Carousel. Early maturing gherkins about 12 cm long are tied in bunches and can grow anywhere. Suitable for winter harvesting.sort of cucumber carousel
  4. Pasamonte. A versatile variety for greenhouses and open ground. Early cucumbers do not exceed 9 cm in length, are covered with pimples and thorns, suitable for canning.Pasamonte cucumber variety
  5. Grandma’s secret. Mid-season variety for greenhouses and garden beds for universal use.cucumber variety grandma's secret

Do we need parthenocarpic cucumbers and what is it?

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