Health Benefits of the Extremely Pungent Cayenne Pepper Fruit
Chili peppers are prized by lovers all over the world. Cayenne pepper is a type of hot pepper. But few people know that the health benefits of cayenne pepper are multifaceted and not limited to explosions of thrill for our taste buds. It is also called “angry pepper” and is traditionally used in the cuisines of Asia and Latin America..
India and the island of Java are considered the birthplace of this ancient spice. The name of the pepper is associated with the city of Cayenne (Cooperative Republic of Guyana) in South America, one of the centers of its cultivation.
Features of the cayenne pepper plant
Like all peppers, cayenne belongs to the nightshade family. It is a perennial. Its height depends on the growing conditions.
Its short description:
- In the open field it grows up to 20-120 cm, and in the closed field it exceeds 3 m.
- The leaves of this shrub are alternate, elongated elliptical in shape.
- Flowers are white, yellow or purple.
- Cayenne pepper fruits are false hollow berries, elongated, with thin walls (no more than 2 mm).
- Pepper fruits are green or yellow at technical ripeness, from orange-red to dark cherry or crimson at biological ripeness. In new varieties, ripe berries can be yellow, brown and even black..
- The arrangement of the fruits on the branches can resemble candles, as they are often directed upward. Or earrings when they just hang down.
Despite the fact that cayenne pepper is a plant in hot regions, including the tropical zone, it is also grown in countries with cold climates. Many varieties feel great on a windowsill, in a greenhouse or greenhouse..
Health benefits of cayenne pepper
The fruits of this unique pepper are very pungent. Their severity is determined at the level of 30,000-50,000 scoville. The pronounced burning taste is due to the high content of capsaicin. But the fruit of cayenne pepper also has beneficial properties. Therefore, the powder obtained from ripe fruits is valued as a spice and is suitable for use in the food industry..
- Like all pungent substances, cayenne pepper powder stimulates the branches of the trigeminal nerve..
- The use of cayenne hot pepper for medicinal purposes makes it possible to improve the processes responsible for the distribution and transport of nutrients throughout the body, as well as their rapid delivery to the most important organs..
- Thanks to the pronounced anti-inflammatory effect, liver functions are improved, pain in arthritis is reduced.
- Pepper can help with the flu. Under its influence, mucous accumulations are broken and their remnants are quickly excreted from the body..
- The use of pepper in the form of a seasoning helps to strengthen the immune system and cleanse the blood.
Cayenne pepper is an effective antimicrobial agent, it is used in the fight against fungus and microorganisms dangerous to human health, as well as to improve erectile function in men. Does not contain fats and carbohydrates.
Nutritionists advise using cayenne pepper for effective weight loss.
Cayenne pepper is a whole vitamin cocktail, it contains:
- vitamins A, B, C, E, K, B6;
- beta carotene;
Eating cayenne pepper causes an increased production of endorphins, a hormone of happiness that allows a person not to succumb to stress, but decreases their pain threshold. Capsaicin in peppers stimulates the production of hydrochloric acid, which improves digestion. When consumed regularly, cayenne pepper strengthens the nervous system.
Contrary to popular belief, frequent use of pepper will not lead to gastritis or stomach ulcers. Mexico and India are the main consumers of spicy food, and these diseases are not more common there than in other countries. The main thing is to observe the correct dosage..
Among other things, cayenne pepper has a positive blood-stimulating effect, prevents atherosclerosis and even promotes healing of the gastric mucosa.!
How to take cayenne pepper properly
The pungency capsaicin of cayenne pepper is a fat-soluble substance with a variety of medicinal properties. There is a direct relationship between the pungency of the pepper and the percentage of capsaicin. The peoples in which this pepper is part of the culture suffer less from cardiovascular diseases than others. The benefits of cayenne pepper keep people lean and healthy at all times..
The standard dose of cayenne pepper is three teaspoons a day. To get the most out of it, it must be taken with a liquid, eaten raw, or powdered. However, this option is not suitable for the vast majority of people..
According to Mexican chefs, pepper is best mixed with food for addiction, and added as a spice. Place to taste, very little at first and gradually increase the dose. Thus, the body will be able to adapt without negative consequences. In general, beginners are advised to start by adding 1/4 or 1/8 teaspoon.
A very popular way to take cayenne pepper is “cayenne tea”. It is very simple to prepare. It is enough to boil a glass of water, add a spoonful of honey and lemon juice to it, the set rate of pepper for yourself and mix. In some cases, grated ginger is used instead of honey (2-3 tablespoons).
Drink “tea” slowly, otherwise you can feel severe nausea. It is taken in the morning on an empty stomach. The drink has an extremely positive effect on the body, stimulates the immune system and shortens the duration of a cold or flu. The peculiarity of pepper is that it increases the secretion of mucus in the nose, and this leads to the destruction of pathogenic microorganisms..
Applying cayenne pepper oil
Cayenne pepper oil is made from the seeds. They are several times more pungent than the pulp, so the oil is used not in cooking, but in other areas. In particular, it is a popular ingredient in natural shampoos..
In its pure form, oil is used as:
- Anti-baldness agent – vitamins help hair grow stronger and stimulate hair growth, while preventing hair loss.
- Anti-cellulite remedy. Regular application of the oil helps to make the skin smoother and get rid of the infamous “orange peel”, as well as adjust the figure..
- Pain reliever and warming agent. These effects are especially evident when a few drops are added to the bath along with the emulsifier. Differs in a mild and non-aggressive effect, calming the nervous system.
Low concentrations (1-2 drops per 20-30 ml of base) can be found in massage creams. This improves blood circulation, leads to the destruction of toxins. With sciatica, oil has an anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect when rubbed, helps to relieve pain in the spine.
Cayenne pepper oil can be used as an animal repellent. It is often used to wean pets from relieving themselves in the wrong places..
Cooking uses of cayenne pepper
In the cooking of the countries of the East, Africa and South America, cayenne pepper is often found. It gives the local dishes an original spice. For a variety of taste sensations, it is successfully combined with other spices and seasonings. But by itself, cayenne pepper can become an interesting flavoring addition to many fish and meat dishes, all kinds of vegetable stews, crayfish, cheese and chicken. Cayenne pepper is most often used dried and ground.
Cayenne pepper can be found in the famous ginger ale and Tabasco sauce. Spicy lovers are happy to add it to many everyday dishes. It is especially good for meat and fish, as it goes well with basil, garlic and coriander..
It is used in ground form:
- in the cuisine of most European countries, they are added to some types of cheese and egg-based dishes;
- added to stews and curries in Indian cuisine;
- in the Mexican – in burrito, fajitas, tacos;
- in Italian – all kinds of pastas and casseroles.
Surprisingly, this hot pepper is included in the recipes of some culinary products, marmalades and chocolates. It is used to make guacomole and hummus. The flavor of this popular spice can be found in salty biscuits, popcorn, baked goods, cheese sticks.