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Cute insect ladybug serves the good of people

insect ladybug The ladybug insect reminds many of a carefree childhood. The bright insect sat on the palm, confidently “walked” along it, and then ascended into the sky. Many good poems and songs are dedicated to her. And superstitious people consider the beetle a harbinger of good luck. In fact, he is a reliable assistant to all gardeners and gardeners. Let’s get to know this wonderful creature better.

What does a ladybug insect look like from the side

beetle with bright color The spotted beetle with a bright color belongs to the Coleoptera order and the Arthropod type. The scientific name “Coccinellidae” is directly related to the scarlet color of the wings.

However, depending on the locality, he was given the following names:

  • Ladybug;
  • Beetle of Saint Mary;
  • Bird Lady;
  • Red-bearded grandfather;
  • The Ladybug of St. Anthony;
  • Sun.

beetle sunAll of them are associated with various religious beliefs of the ancient pagan peoples. Perhaps the name “ladybug”, the beetle received due to the fact that it secretes a white liquid, reminiscent of milk. For many bugs, it is a deadly delicacy..

The ladybug beetle lives in almost all corners of the planet, except for Antarctica and areas where the air temperature does not rise above 0 ° C.

The size of the body of a ladybug insect ranges from 4-10 mm. It has a rounded ovoid shape, a flattened abdomen and consists of the following parts:

  • head;
  • 3 chest compartments;
  • belly;
  • back;
  • tenacious legs (3 pairs);
  • wings;
  • hard elytra.

ladybug on a plantThe head of the insect is monolithically connected to the front of the chest in the form of an elongated oval. On the sides are relatively large eyes and flexible antennae, consisting of 8 miniature segments.

two pairs of ladybug wingsThe ladybug has 6 long legs formed by three visible and one hidden part. They help her move quickly on any surface. The insect flies thanks to its hind wings. It makes about 85 swings in 1 second. Rigid front wings protect the beetle from predators when it searches for food.

Most often, the elytra are painted in such shades.:

  • deep red;
  • yellow;
  • Brown;
  • black;
  • blue.

From above they are decorated with black, yellowish or whitish spots of various shapes. Sometimes they form bizarre patterns by which experts determine the sex of an individual. With their bright colors, insects threateningly warn birds and other “predators” that they are poisonous.

The most dangerous enemy of the beetle is the dinocampus. It lays eggs in developing pupae, gradually killing them..

Varieties of ladybugs

species of ladybug

In the natural environment, there are about 4,000 different species of valuable insects. The most popular are:

  • seven-point;seven-spot ladybug
  • two-point;two point ladybug
  • rhodolia;ladybug rhodolia
  • seventeen-point;seventeen-point ladybug
  • ocellated.ocellated ladybug

The seven-spotted ladybug has bright red elytra. They are decorated with bold black dots, in the amount of 7 pieces. The beetle is found in Europe, Asia, and North Africa..

Two-point insect view

The two-point insect species mainly lives in the northern hemisphere of the planet. The adult beetle reaches 5 mm in length. A distinctive feature of the species is the modest color of the hard wings. There are only 2 black spots on the red background.

insect ladybug rhodoliaThe insect ladybug of the Rodolia species has an unusual wing pattern. Large black spots are symmetrically located on a red background. One is in the center and the others are on the sides. The insect lives in America, Algeria and France. It is also found on the territory of Russia and Japan. Thanks to Rodolia, huge citrus plantations were saved from the fluted worm.

seventeen-point insectThe seventeen-point ladybird has a spherical body. In an adult, it can be up to 3.5 mm in length. The wings are colored deep yellow or brown. They are covered with 17 small black dots. The habitat of the insect is meadows, sandbanks of natural reservoirs, gardens, parks, vegetable gardens.

blankThe ocellated ladybird has a large body about 10 mm long. The red back is crowned with black shapeless spots with a yellow frame. The head of the insect is black with a small yellow splash.

Always an excellent menu

ladybug eats aphids

Bright and cute beetles are considered dangerous predators for many insects. They eat:

  • aphids;
  • ticks;
  • small caterpillars;
  • eggs of moths and Colorado potato beetle;
  • furry pupae.

the beetle eats the fungusHowever, this is not all that the ladybug eats, living among the lush greenery. Some species consume only plant foods. They love to feast on mushrooms. Do not give up pollen, petals of buds, leaf plates. The diet of the bugs even includes various fruits of a soft texture..

Unfortunately, there are varieties of ladybugs that are harmful to valuable crops. For example, in the Far East, a beetle with a 28-point color harms potatoes. In the southern regions, ladybugs are found, which feed on greens of legumes, sugar beet and alfalfa tops..

Insect life cycle

insect life cycleOften, the female of the bright beetle lays eggs on the back of the leaf next to large colonies of aphids. Sometimes their number reaches 400 pieces. They are colored yellow or orange and are oval in shape..

ladybug larvaOver time, grayish brown larvae are born. The elongated body of individuals is covered with fine hairs and decorated with a variegated pattern. It combines orange and yellow specks. From the outside, they resemble miniature “monsters” and practically do not look like everyone’s favorite beetles.larva and young beetle

Gardeners often mistake the larvae for pests, so they immediately kill them..

At first, the larvae eat unfertilized eggs with appetite. Then they look for aphids among the lush greenery, which they feed on for about 7 weeks. After this, the formation of the pupa begins. After about 10 days, the skin peels off and a bug appears. At first, its elytra are pale in color, which is a distinctive feature of a young individual. But over time, they take on a bright shade. After 3 months, insects are ready to mate and lay eggs..

It has been observed that the life cycle of a ladybug lasts about 1.5 years. During this period, the female lays about 1000 eggs, from which larvae develop..

They actively feed on aphids. The transformation process lasts from 40 to 60 days. Over the entire period of development, the larvae eat up to 3000 aphids..

a pair of ladybugsCute beetles live apart. They gather during the mating season, when they fly to the territory of hot countries. Resident insects group together to survive the cold season together. But where does the ladybug winter in the middle latitudes?

Such places serve as a reliable shelter.:

  • collapsed buildings;
  • stones;
  • thick layers of fallen leaves;
  • dry wood.

Sometimes an insect flies into a dwelling. It hides in the window frames and even between the folds of the curtains. Do not interfere with sleepy insects to wait for their “finest hour”. But why do people need ladybugs?

Constant helpers in pest control

ladybug eats aphidsThe amazing gluttony of the brightly colored insect benefits gardens, vegetable gardens and agricultural crops. After all, it destroys a huge number of aphids. An adult eats about 100 pests per day, and the larva eats 50.

She does not hunt for her victims, but calmly searches for food, moving through the greenery. As a rule, aphid colonies, spider mites, moths’ clutches are sure to meet on its way. Usually the beetle stays in one place until it completely destroys all pests. This clearly shows the benefits of ladybugs to plants and people who are engaged in agriculture..

There are special enterprises where valuable beetles are grown and released on agricultural land..

insect ladybug on a plantThere are a number of factors to consider to attract insects to your garden or vegetable garden. Usually, beetles stay away from areas where chemicals are often used to treat plants. If you limit the use of drugs, then after 6 weeks there will be much more insects..

As you know, ladybugs love to feast on nectar and pollen of umbrella plants. They are especially attracted to:

  • Dill;
  • cilantro;
  • wild carrots;
  • yarrow;
  • fennel;
  • caraway.

You can also plant nasturtium, rose and calendula in the garden. Colonies of aphids are attracted by cabbage, radish and tomatoes. Such crops will help attract ladybirds to the site. If desired, valuable beetles are bought on special farms, where they are bred. They are released early in the morning or late in the evening, when the plants are covered with dew. If it is absent for some reason, the culture is irrigated with water from a spray bottle. At first, the “pets” are closely watched so that they do not fly away to another place prematurely..

ladybug on flowersAs you can see, the biological significance of the ladybug for green spaces cannot be overestimated. Thanks to her unusually strong appetite, horticultural and vegetable crops develop successfully. The insect eats up a huge number of pests, which contributes to bountiful harvests. It has a pretty appearance, so it evokes positive emotions in people. May a caring ladybug always live in summer cottages.

What attracts our attention to the ladybug insect

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