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How the goose-goose differs from poultry

goose goose

The goose goose is a wild relative of the famous poultry. It belongs to the Duck family and is found in various regions of Eurasia and North America. The genus of Goose has 6 species of birds, which differ in size, color and behavior. These are rare birds that are difficult to find in the wild. However, their population is maintained, including thanks to nature reserves..

How a goose differs from a domestic goose

wild goose goose

The goose goose is light, fast and hardy. He flies and swims beautifully, and during seasonal migration travels impressive distances..

Despite belonging to the same species, the goose has many significant differences from the domestic goose:

  • size is a small bird with a body length of no more than 60–70 cm and a wing up to 43 cm;
  • weight – small, from 1 to 8 kg;
  • color – different for different species, may be variegated;
  • proportions – small, compact beak and shortened neck;
  • features – they do not know how to cackle, but they can make unusual sounds, similar to a dog barking.

All species of geese are listed in the Red Book. Today they can be found not only in the wild, but also in national parks and reserves..

Distribution and lifestyle

wild goose habitat

Geese are ubiquitous, and nest on the coast of the seas, on rocks and in gorges. Each species of these birds has its own habitat. They are herbivores, eat plant foods. The basis of their diet is sedge, plantain and other herbs that grow in places where the goose dwells. In addition, they eat crops in the fields..

The life cycle of wild geese is associated with seasonal migration. In the cold season, they move to warmer regions, and for nesting they follow to the shores of water bodies. Each species has its own migration routes, along which they move in large colonies. Sexual maturity in birds occurs at 2 years of age, after which they hatch 3-5 eggs annually.

Types of geese

species of geese in nature

Wild geese are diverse. They are adapted to life in different regions, therefore they are represented by birds of different sizes, colors and shapes. On the territory of Russia, hunting geese is prohibited, since all species are under protection.

Even if geese nest in groups, they place nests at a great distance from each other. Many species are monogamous and keep one pair for life..

Black goose

black goose

The wild black goose is the smallest representative. It has dark plumage on its head and neck, while the back and neck are brownish. In adults, a white border stands out clearly on the neck. Paws and beak are deep black. The species is not numerous, there are no more than 500 thousand individuals, of which up to 1000 are located on the territory of Russia.

The black goose nests in coastal tundra regions, in Eurasia and North America, and beyond the Arctic Circle. They are located on flat areas among rocks, in pairs or in small colonies. Full clutch – 3 to 6 eggs.

For wintering, the wild black goose = goose goes to Denmark and England. During nesting, birds feed on vegetation, moss and lichens, and in the cold season, algae form the basis of their diet..

Barnacle goose

barnacle goose

The Barnacle Goose is a compact bird weighing from 1 to 2.5 kg. Its body length is 60–70 cm, and its wing length is up to 43 cm. This goose is fast, light, swims well, runs and flies. An adult bird has a tricolor color with a predominance of black, white and gray shades. On the wings there are black stripes, and on the head there are white areas on the forehead, sides and underside. In chicks, the color is not bright, mostly brown.

Barnacle Goose nests on the coasts of Greenland and other large islands, as well as in the Arctic tundra. Nests can be seen in rocky areas and steep mountains covered with vegetation. A colony can include up to 75 pairs, which are located at a distance of several tens of meters from each other. The clutch contains 4–5 eggs. For the winter, wild geese go to the Netherlands, they can also be found in Germany, some regions of Belgium and France..

Canada goose

canada goose

The Canada Goose is easy to identify by its characteristic variegated coloration. She has a black neck and head with contrasting white spots on the sides. The belly and undertail are white, and the sides, back and wings are gray, sometimes with a brown tint. These birds differ in shape and proportions, therefore, 11–12 of their subspecies are distinguished. Adult geese grow up to 55-110 cm in length, weighing from 2.5 to 6 kg, with a wingspan of up to 122 to 183 cm.

The goose swims and runs well, but does not fly very well. She lives in North America, mainly in Canada and Alaska, as well as on the islands. Birds choose low-lying areas near rivers and water bodies, prefer wetlands. They feed on plants, moss and algae..

Small canada goose

small goose

The small Canadian goose differs from the Canadian goose in size – it is smaller and lighter. The neck can be completely dark or have a contrasting white collar. Also, this species can be recognized by its voice – it is higher and more sonorous. The natural habitat of the goose is North America, Yakutia, Chukotka, and the Commander Islands. Nests can be found in Canada and Alaska, in the tundra. They are located on a hill near water bodies.

Red-breasted goose

red-breasted goose

The red-breasted goose is the brightest representative of the family. She has black and white plumage, there are bright red inserts on her neck and chest. The bird is similar to the domestic goose, with a short beak and a wide, thick neck. This species is easily domesticated. In nature, it lives in Russia and nests in the tundra east of Yamal. Wintering is located on the lakes of Bulgaria, as well as in the Danube Delta in Romania.

The goose goose is a striking representative of the Duck family. These are migratory birds that cover long distances twice a year. They are few in number, therefore they are under the protection of the Red Book. Geese are bright, light and compact, differ from the domestic goose in size, variegated color and unusual voice.

Canadian goose goose in nature – video

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