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How to make a raised bed with your own hands

high order We want to share our personal experience and give recommendations on how to build a homemade garden bed in our yard. This does not require special skills and skill, and it is very easy to take care of it..

The advantages of a raised bed

This simple building will greatly simplify your country life:

  1. Ideal for a small area (as opposed to a vegetable garden in rows).
  2. Suitable for stony and poor soil.
  3. Compared to a conventional vegetable garden, it produces more crops for the same area. This is due to better drainage and deep rooting of plants..
  4. Increases the growing season, since in cold regions, with the arrival of spring, you can start tillage earlier.
  5. Simplifies the gardening process. For example, a dense planting creates a shade (which acts as a mulch) to prevent weeds from growing..

successful plant development

Materials for building a raised bed

Many gardeners are concerned about the safety of the timber frame. First, remember that pressed wood impregnated with CCA family antiseptic cannot be used. It gives off arsenic. To increase the shelf life of a tree, there are several options:

  1. Today, mass production of pressed wood adds a mixture of chemicals to protect it from rotting due to moisture. Despite the fact that this type of wood is certified and safe for plants, some still doubt this and prefer to use alternative environmentally friendly materials..
  2. More expensive types of wood, such as cedar, contain natural oils that prevent decay, increasing the durability of the material. They are expensive, but they will last an order of magnitude longer..
  3. The thicker the board, the longer it will not rot. For example, a two-inch larch wall can stand for 10 years without any maintenance..

You can also use concrete blocks or bricks, but keep in mind that concrete increases the acidity of the soil over time..

Some even accommodate railroad ties, but I don’t recommend doing that. If old samples can still fit, then in the manufacture of new ones, treatment with creosote is used, which is toxic.

Planning and dimensions

site planning and size of the bedsHaving decided on the type of wood, you can proceed to planning the future construction:

  1. Choose a location that will receive sufficient sunlight.
  2. The standard bed width is 120 cm. This size provides unhindered access to plants without the need to step inside;
  3. the length of the structure is not critical. Sections are often made 120×240 cm or 120×360 cm.
  4. The depth may vary, however, it should be at least 15 cm.The roots require 15 to 30 cm, so the ideal depth is 30 cm.
  5. Before setting up the bed, check that the soil is not compressed. To do this, loosen it with a garden pitchfork to a depth of 15 – 20 cm.For better rooting, some gardeners remove the top layer of soil (to the depth of a shovel), then dig out the next layer and mix together with the first.

Building a raised bed

Place wooden posts in each corner to support the structure (and every 60 cm for long beds). I recommend doing this from the inside – this way the supports will be less noticeable..

The support pillars must be dug in by about 60%, leaving the upper part above the ground. Make sure they are all the same height, otherwise the sections will be uneven..

Then place the bottom row of boards and check that they are all on the same level. After that, nail the rest. It is best to use galvanized nails or self-tapping screws.

In order to comfortably move between the beds, you should leave a passage of 60-70 cm.

Soil for filling

Fill the sections with a mixture of topsoil, compost, and other organic materials (such as manure) to keep the plants in a nutrient-rich environment.

Please note that the soil in such beds dries out faster, which is useful in spring and autumn. However, cover the topsoil with straw, mulch or hay in summer..

Frequent watering is essential for any elevated plant. This is especially true of the early stages of their growth in raised beds..

What plants can be planted

combined landingsAlmost all crops can be grown in raised beds. Vegetables are the most common, but fruits, bushes and even trees are also successfully planted. Just remember that some plants will grow outside of their section and this should be taken into account when planning the location..

Useful Tips

correct placement of landingsA few general guidelines to help you maximize the benefits of your vegetable garden.

Continuity. Timely replacement of seedlings will ensure continuous production. When one crop is harvested, have seedlings ready to replace the old ones. For best results use fast ripening varieties to maximize fruit in one season.

dense planting of vegetables of different ripening periodsDense planting. Plant different crops close together to save space. Plants should be at such a distance that their leaves are in contact with each other, blocking the ground from the sun’s rays. This will prevent weeds and retain moisture, eliminating the need to water, weed, and mulch frequently. Since the plants, as they ripen, will press against each other, collect the early ripening ones first, leaving others room for full development. For example, combine lettuce with seasonal vegetables such as tomatoes, broccoli or peppers..

several types of plants in one bedDifferent cultures are allies, not rivals. Plants have different root lengths. Planting them side by side is the key to making the best use of the entire volume of the garden. For example, you can combine beans with short roots and beets that are deeply rooted. Thus, you exclude competition between cultures. It is also beneficial to plant vegetables that are demanding on the amount of nutrients (cabbage, cucumbers) along with beans or carrots that are unpretentious in this regard..

Help grow. If there is a fence on the north side of the bed, then the tallest plants planted there will not cast a shadow on the rest. Do not let climbing varieties grow randomly, taking up valuable space. Help them grow in the right direction:

  1. Cucumbers willingly climb up the trellised fence. As a result, hanging fruit is very convenient to pick.
  2. Tomatoes ripen faster and produce more tomatoes if they are above the ground, tied to a support.
  3. Peas and beans always reach for the sky. Substitute a tripod or wire mesh and they will begin to wrap around it.

Some heavy plants, such as melons and watermelons, will need help with directional growth. Tie their shoots to a support to make them move in the right direction. Support large fruits with straps so that they do not come off and do not fall prematurely.

strawberry bedsNutritious soil, sufficient sun and good drainage are all necessary conditions for the successful development of a vegetable garden. Create your own garden that will always delight you and your friends with fresh vegetables and fruits to the table.

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