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We build a pigsty for 2 heads with our own hands

Piglets in a pigsty The rapid growth of pigs, their lack of demand for feed and active weight gain predetermined the popularity of animals among owners of small farms. You can make a do-it-yourself pigsty for 2 heads in just a few days. You can keep pigs in such a barn throughout the year..

Before getting to work, a novice pig breeder will need:

  • accurate calculation of the structure, taking into account all communications and dimensions;
  • a drawing developed taking into account the requirements for places where animals are kept;
  • plot suitable for a pigsty.

Where to start preparing for the construction of a pigsty? Where is it better to place it, and how to determine the future dimensions of the building?

Basic requirements for the construction of a pigsty

Piglets in an aviary For pigs, which, unlike goats, cows and sheep, do not graze, housing with an aviary is necessary. Animals spend up to 75% of the time in the pigsty. Walking for animals is arranged next to the home, so maximum attention should be paid to its strength, convenience and safety..

The size and layout of the pigsty depends on what breeding goals are. For a pair of piglets for fattening, for example, less space is needed than for a boar and a queen, which are populated to produce offspring.

The choice of the future construction site is carried out with the expectation that the structure:

  • it turned out to be dry and warm;
  • was protected from piercing winds;
  • had free space nearby for organizing walking.

If a self-built pigsty for 2 heads ends up in a lowland where flood, melt or rainwater accumulates, this threatens with frequent diseases of animals, a decrease in the intensity of growth, the death of young animals.

Therefore, the construction site of the pigsty should be level and located on an elevation. It is good if the building is hidden from the wind by wild or cultural plantings. This circumstance will allow you not to worry about the health of the livestock in the autumn-winter time, and will also save on heating the pigsty..

Area norms for placing animals in a do-it-yourself pigsty

Warm pigsty for piglets with a sowThe dimensions of the future structure depend on how many and what animals are to be placed in a self-built pigsty.

Moreover, the depth of the pens in the pigsty is most often equal to 2.5-3.0 meters:

  • sire boars are kept singly in boars with an area of ​​8 square meters;
  • uterus, starting from the fourth month of pregnancy, are provided with pens of 6-10 meters of area;
  • fattening piglets, depending on age, are kept 1–6 individuals in the pen.

Each animal should have from 0.6 to 2.0 meters of area.

Sow with babiesWhen planning, passages with a width of at least 1.5-2.0 meters, which are mandatory for feeding and manure removal from the pigsty, are taken into account. It is good if sows with offspring are far from cold walls, where drafts will threaten small piglets.

The height of flat ceilings in a pigsty must be at least 2.2 meters. If the beams are open, the top point cannot be more than 2.6 meters. With an insulated roof, the ceiling height against the wall is 1.6-1.8 meters.

Pigsty plan for 2 headsDue to the mass of nuances associated with the construction of a barn, before building a pigsty, it is important to know exactly what animals will settle in it. For example, in a do-it-yourself pigsty for 2 heads, a sow and a boar, a separate block is set up for keeping the offspring of such a pair. The area of ​​the pen depends on the number of piglets and their age.

How to build a pigsty with your own hands?

To ensure the durability of the structure and its long-term operation, a monolithic foundation is installed under the pigsty. Previously, a sand pillow is made under it. The structure is insulated from the effects of moisture using roofing material or other material.

Floors in rooms where pigs are kept are best done with self-leveling. The concrete surface does not absorb odors and feces, it is easy to clean and much more durable than wood.

Immediately at the stage of designing and pouring the floor, it is necessary to provide for the presence of a slope from the animal pens to the manure removal channel in the pigsty. In this case, animal droppings and urine by gravity free the machines, facilitate their cleaning, reducing the risk of developing infectious diseases of pigs..

Special concrete slabs for floors and partitions in a pigstyIn addition to solid concrete floors in a pigsty, today, lattice or slotted slabs are increasingly used, under which drain and sedimentation tanks are equipped. The tree will not withstand enough intense moisture and the corrosive effect of manure. Therefore, even with a small number of pigs, they try not to use this material not only for the floor in the pigsty, but also for the partitions between the pens..

The walls of pigsties must successfully withstand not only bad weather, but moisture, as well as rodents, which often tend to get inside the premises for livestock. It is best to use bricks or small blocks for supporting structures. Frame structures, although comfortable, pre-fabricated and inexpensive, do not live up to expectations as a pigsty. Internal partitions in a home-equipped pigsty, as in the photo, are made of bricks, blocks or metal gratings.

Clean, comfortable room for pigsWhen building a pigsty with your own hands for 2 heads or more animals, it is necessary to provide for the presence of windows. Natural light is essential for the growth and health of both adult animals and piglets..

In the cold season, when there is not enough heat and light, artificial lighting is provided, and zone heating is arranged for piglets using infrared lamps.

To solve these problems, even at the design and construction stage, work is being performed on the electrification of the pigsty. Lamps are mounted at a safe distance from pigs and protected from impact-resistant lattice covers.

Arrangement of ventilation in the pigstyAt the same time, ventilation of the pigsty is established. It is planned so that the air inside the premises, without the effect of a draft, constantly circulates. Fresh should come from outside, and stale air and odors from feeders, pens and manure channels in the pigsty should go outside the premises.Ventilation system diagram

Roofs, windows and doors must be insulated, walls are insulated from the outside. Waterproofing is done inside, the walls are plastered and whitewashed.

When all the external work is completed, they move on to the equipment of the pigsty. Inside the machines, clean disinfected pallets are laid out, feeders are placed at a distance from the drain channels, and drinkers are mounted. Walking areas are prepared separately, access to which should be from each section of the pigsty.

Arrangement of a simple pigsty – video

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