Diarrhea in broiler chickens: treatment and prevention
Digestive disorders, accompanied by frequent liquid or foamy droppings, are very often observed in young domestic chickens and can signal dangerous infectious diseases, helminthiasis, and poor feed quality. If the poultry farmer notices diarrhea in broiler chicks, treatment should begin immediately..
What is the danger of this symptom, and how to determine the cause of its appearance? An accurate diagnosis of birds can only be made by a specialist after a laboratory study of the litter. However, the first, urgent measures must be taken.
Broiler chickens vilify what to do before receiving a response from the veterinarian?
Whatever the cause of diarrhea, this phenomenon is always accompanied by irritation of the mucous membranes of the intestinal tract. Feeds entering the digestive system are poorly digested.
Even with the preservation of the same appetite, the chicks suffer from nutritional deficiencies, dehydration, and severe intoxication of the bird’s body begins. If treatment is not started on time, symptoms of other infections join diarrhea in broiler chickens..
In order to start therapy as soon as possible, experienced poultry farmers advise, based on the color and nature of the broilers’ stool, to determine what caused the problem. With careful attention to the sick bird, she herself will tell you the probable diagnosis, and how to treat it if broilers vilify.
White diarrhea in broilers: treatment and possible causes
Salmonella is a possible cause of frequent, whitish droppings. The infection is very common in poultry and, unfortunately, can affect humans. Chickens can spread the disease from infected chickens, as well as contact with common equipment or lack of cleanliness in the poultry house..
When choosing a treatment strategy, in addition to white diarrhea in broilers, attention is paid to the presence of salmonellosis:
- the depressed state of the bird;
- the unwillingness of chicks to move, lethargy;
- developmental lag behind healthy peers;
- rapid, labored breathing through an open beak.
In case of diarrhea caused by salmonella, the treatment of broiler chickens in industrial farms is considered inappropriate, since the course can last about three weeks.
In private farmsteads, the causative agent of the disease is fought with the help of sulfa drugs. At the same time, it is important to plant sick birds and carefully monitor the well-being of the remaining.
Broilers have brown diarrhea
If indigestion in chickens and chickens is expressed in liquid, frequent droppings of a brownish or brown hue, this may indicate both the use of poor-quality feed, and such a formidable disease as coccidiosis. Most often, this disease is diagnosed in the spring-autumn period, and infection occurs through contaminated bedding, food, water.
In addition to brown diarrhea, in broilers you can see:
- unwillingness to move, they are motionless, ruffled and disheveled;
- decreased or lack of appetite, increased thirst;
- mucus or signs of blood in the droppings;
- pallor of the beard and scallops, indicating the development of anemia and dehydration.
Often, with coccidiosis, blood can be seen in the feces of broilers. This indicates the active destruction of the intestinal mucosa and the need for urgent complex treatment with the use of specialized drugs that suppress the vital activity of pathogens..
If the listed symptoms are not noticed, but there are still blood impurities in the droppings, it is likely that the chickens have trauma to the cloaca or intestines due to improper feeding, lack of vitamins and minerals.
Chicks are unhealthy when greens in feces or particles of undigested feed are used..
Broilers vilify: how to treat?
Among the priority measures a poultry farmer should take are:
- quality control of feed given to chickens;
- isolation of sick and weakened birds;
- cleaning and disinfection of premises and all equipment, including feeders and drinkers.
If the bird, despite the measures taken, vilifies, how to treat broilers? What else can be done while there is no exhaustive analysis of the litter:
- As an absorbent, broilers are offered activated carbon.
- Potassium permanganate is added to drinking water.
- Be sure to check if there is enough chalk, gravel, shells in the feeders.
- It is useful to use lactic acid products, probiotics, aimed at normalizing the intestinal microflora.
- Rice decoction can be added to wet feed.
To exclude the soreness of birds due to infection with helminths, an antihelminthic treatment of the livestock is carried out.
The next stage in the fight against diarrhea in broiler chickens is treatment with antibiotics and specialized drugs that deal with bacteria, protozoa, fungi and other microorganisms.
Since some diseases accompanied by diarrhea in poultry are dangerous not only for birds, but also for humans, and their treatment is laborious and time-consuming, the sick population is destroyed.