Hisex chickens – the main features and content of the popular breed
The main task of livestock breeders is to breed highly productive breeds with minimal requirements for breeding conditions and care. It is these requirements that Hisex chickens meet – one of the most popular and sought-after crosses, bred in Holland. This bird is intended for breeding both in the largest industrial poultry farms and in small private farms. With unpretentious maintenance and minimal feed consumption, the farmer gets an excellent yield of high-quality meat and egg products.
Chickens Hisex – features and description
The Hisex chicken breed was bred in Holland in 1970. The breeding work was carried out by the Eurybride company and lasted 2 years. Hisex is a cross resulting from the crossing of New Hampshire, Rhode Island and White Leggron breeds. Due to the high egg production and unpretentiousness to care, already in 1974 the cross received wide demand in the USSR and European countries..
Description of Hisex chickens:
- The main feature of the breed is the highest possible productivity – chickens lay eggs almost every day, maintaining this ability for 3-4 years.
- Eggs are large in size – up to 70-90 g.
- Laying hens usually weigh less than 2 kg, males can reach 3 kg.
- A distinctive feature of the breed is a large, fleshy and drooping red comb.
- The physique is harmonious, the body is of the correct shape.
- Puberty age – 3, -4.5 months.
The Hisex chicken breed has two subspecies – Brown and White. They differ not only in plumage color, but also in weight, productivity and some other characteristics..
Cross Hisex Brown is considered more popular with farmers and poultry farmers than White. He got this name for the brown color of the plumage. Cross is larger than White – up to 2.4-3 kg.
Characteristics Hisex Brown:
- excellent chick survival – up to 99%;
- rapid growth and weight gain in young animals;
- high egg production – up to 300-330 eggs per year;
- the average egg weight is slightly less than that of the White cross – up to 75 g;
- eggs are covered with a beige-brown shell;
- the meat is quite tough in both adult chickens and chickens.
Hisex has a calm and docile nature. Chickens and roosters get along well both with other birds and with poultry farmers. Many farmers call them tame, as brown Hisex quickly gets used to stroking..
Cross Hisex White is distinguished by its snow-white plumage and smaller size in comparison with brown “brothers”. The average weight of an adult laying hen is no more than 1.7-1.9 kg, roosters can weigh up to 2.2-2.5 kg.
The survival rate of Hisex White chickens is slightly lower – up to 91-95%. At the same time, their egg production is lower than the Brown cross. Most often, it does not exceed 285-295 eggs per year, the weight of which is also much less – up to 50-65 g.
Cross Hisex White most often has a calm, phlegmatic character, but young roosters can be aggressive. In contrast to the brown “counterparts”, white chickens are much more demanding in terms of keeping conditions, temperature and humidity of the air, as well as the quality of feed. That is why birds of the Hisex Brown breed are more often used for keeping at home..
Keeping hens of the Hisex breed
Hisex chickens, like all hybrids, will demonstrate maximum productivity only when optimal conditions are created. Hisex maintenance requires proper arrangement of the poultry house, free range, balanced feeding..
The advantage of Hisex birds is a strong immune system, due to which they are extremely rarely susceptible to various diseases.
Poultry house arrangement
For Hisex chickens, warmth and protection from drafts are very important. It is best to keep the birds in a brick, concrete or wood chicken coop. The floor must be insulated. To do this, you can pour a layer of sawdust, peat or straw up to 15-20 cm thick.
Basic requirements for the poultry house:
- Hisex layers are very demanding on lighting, the lack of light negatively affects their productivity. The poultry house must have windows, as well as sources of artificial light..
- For adult chickens, daylight hours should be at least 17-18 hours. Hisex chicks need lighting for 22-23 hours.
- In the poultry house, the air temperature must be maintained at least + 13 °, otherwise the birds will not only stop rushing, but may simply freeze.
- An increased level of air humidity is destructive for Hisex chickens, so you need to monitor its indicators.
- Perches should be installed along the walls, at a level of 55-60 cm from the floor surface.
- Special hay nests for laying hens should be installed in the corners of poultry houses.
Representatives of the cross are active and energetic, so they need enough free space – about 1 meter for 4-5 birds.
It is imperative to install a sufficient number of drinkers and feeders in the poultry house, as well as containers with shell rock, gravel and sand..
In the summertime, it is recommended that Hisek chickens be allowed out for a walk so that they can clean themselves and take dry baths. It is advisable to install a walking yard near the chicken coop, in a shaded and protected from the wind place.
Above the walking area, it is imperative to make a canopy that will protect the birds from the scorching sun and rain. It should also be protected with a plastic or metal mesh protection at least 1 m high..
Many farmers set up a walking yard around the house so the chickens can go for a walk on their own without assistance..
When breeding Hisex chickens on poultry farms, complex feed is used at the rate of 100-115 g per day. They saturate the body of birds with all the necessary trace elements and nutrients, provide high productivity, but are distinguished by high cost.
That is why, when breeding at home, such compound feeds are used extremely rarely..
They are being replaced by more affordable feeds, which include:
- cereals – wheat, oats, barley;
- fish and meat and bone meal;
- nettles and other fresh grass;
- cake and meal;
To increase productivity, adult layers must be given various calcium supplements – chalk or crushed eggshell.
Adult chickens are fed three times a day, chickens need to be fed 7-8 times a day.
Breeding and raising chickens
At home, breeding the Highsek breed, like other hybrids, is impossible. Birds have no maternal instinct, so they never hatch eggs. For breeding chickens, eggs are purchased and grown in incubators or grown chickens in poultry farms.
The best time to buy chicks is the end of May or June, when the weather is warm and there is sufficient daylight hours. During the first 5-7 days, the chicks should be under round-the-clock lighting, which is gradually reduced.
For feeding chickens, mixtures of chopped greens, dandelion, sorrel, boiled eggs are used. After 15 days, the chicks are transferred to “adult” food.
Hisex chickens are one of the most common breeds, distinguished by excellent productivity, egg production and unpretentiousness to keeping conditions. Undemanding and ease of care has led to the popularity of the cross both among large farms and among small household plots..