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Kuban red breed of chickens: the main features of excellent layers

Kuban red breed of chickens The Kuban red breed of chickens is a successful hybrid or cross, created by domestic breeders. This breed has several names. It is also known as UK Kuban-7 or Kuban laying hen. Chickens of this breed are chosen for breeding if the owner’s goal is to make money by selling eggs.

Detailed description of the Kuban red breed of chickens

Kuban red breed of chickens Crossing Rhode Island and Leghorn chickens allowed scientists to achieve an excellent result. In 1995, Kuban red chickens appeared in the Krasnodar Territory, bred at the Labinsky breeding enterprise.

For chickens of this breed, increased egg production is characteristic, which does not decrease in the cold periods of the year. Therefore, most breeders with unheated poultry houses most often opt for Kuban layers..

The sex of birds can be fairly accurately determined at the age of one month..

Young and adult chickens hardly get sick, their good health is due to strong immunity.stress-resistant chicken breed

Some physiological features can also be noted.:

  • compact skeleton;
  • wide chest;
  • small head on a short neck;
  • leaf-shaped crest;
  • massive belly;
  • paws are stable, widely spaced;
  • plumage is red, but wings and tail can be grayish.

Despite the fact that red chickens are egg breeds, they are quite large.

Kuban chickens have many advantages. All costs for their maintenance pay off pretty quickly, since they do not eat too much and do not belong to broiler breeds..breeding red Kuban

They differ:

  • quick adaptability to new conditions;
  • congenital phlegmatic and stress resistance;
  • a calm character, both in chickens and roosters;
  • undemanding to feed;
  • high survival rate of young animals.

Chickens of this breed are considered unpretentious, they are successfully grown in small farms, in private farmsteads and large poultry farms..

Productivity and conditions of detention

conditions of keeping chickensThe development of all egg-laying chickens occurs rather quickly. As layers, the Kuban red chickens are noticeably different from the rest. Already at 4 months, they begin to receive the first eggs of a small size and sometimes completely without a shell. Their contents are in a film. But after half a month, the formation of eggs is completely improving. By the age of six months, all chickens begin to lay standard eggs. They retain the highest egg-laying activity for two years..

With good care and normal keeping conditions, Kuban chickens lay up to 330-340 eggs per year, which is considered an excellent indicator of productivity. Their eggs are brown in color, large, with a dense and strong shell.

With the onset of egg production in birds, puberty ends. At this time, they need calcium supplements to food, otherwise they begin to peck eggs.

The young stock is gaining weight quickly. The meat of chickens of the Kuban red breed is juicy and tasty. It is quite soft and has many beneficial properties, which is why it is often used in the preparation of dietary meals. The weight of the laying hen reaches 2 kg, and the rooster – 3 kg. If roosters are raised for meat, they are kept in cages. For normal fertilization of eggs, one rooster is enough for 10 chickens.

laying hensKeeping red Kuban chickens is not particularly difficult. Despite the endurance of birds, for a normal existence they need to create comfortable conditions. In a heated chicken coop, the temperature in winter should be about + 17 ° C. If the room is not heated, it is well insulated. Care must be taken that the thermometer does not drop below -2 ° C. If chickens freeze their combs or catkins, they will stop laying..

In the hot season, hens overheat. And at temperatures from + 27 ° C, the shell of their eggs becomes thin.

Kuban red breed of chickens: features of care and feeding

features of caring for the Kuban red breed of chickensIn order for the farmed poultry to demonstrate its full potential, and its maintenance is profitable, it must be properly cared for. Then all the costs of lighting and heating the chicken coop, the purchase of feed will quickly pay off..

Like any crosses, Kuban chickens do not tolerate dampness and moisture, therefore forced ventilation is installed in the poultry house. If this is not possible and the number of birds is small, a simple window will help out, but it must be opened regularly. If there are drafts, the room is additionally insulated.

In winter, a layer of sawdust is poured on the floor. The perches are placed up to 1 m above the floor. Drinkers and feeders are set at a certain height sufficient for normal eating or drinking. Chickens scatter food less and do not climb into them, so food stays clean.

Kuban red breed of chickens in the courtyardThe nests are filled with hay or straw and equipped with egg collectors. Most often, they are nailed to the wall at a height of 70–80 cm. A small ladder fixed to allow chickens to easily climb into the nest at any time.

If there are few birds, the hen house should be disinfected twice a year. If more than 100 individuals – 4 times. For this they carry out general cleaning of the entire room, clean the floor well, wash windows and doors, treat ventilation with a disinfectant solution. The walls, and if desired, the ceiling, are whitewashed with lime mortar. Then thoroughly ventilate.

Cuban layers require feed with the addition of minerals and vitamins. The basis is crushed grain, accounting for at least half of the total volume.

Chickens are fed twice a day, their diet should also include:

  • bran or compound feed;
  • vegetables or fresh grass, depending on the season;
  • protein supplements;
  • legumes;
  • shell rock;
  • bone or fish meal;
  • chalk;
  • milk whey.

Small amounts of hardwood charcoal should be given to layers and chickens separately..

This simple method will prevent coccidiosis in chickens and increase egg production in adult chickens. For bathing and getting rid of feather parasites, they put a low bath with ash.

Breeding chickens

chicken on eggsThe easiest way to breed birds is with an incubator. Kuban red hens are good brood hens, but chickens, busy with incubating chickens, stop laying. And it will take a long time for egg production to fully recover..

Chick survival during incubation is good, about 95%. But a person will have to take care of them. If there is no time for this, an old hen can be used as a hen, the productivity of which has already decreased..

Chickens of the Kuban red breed are active and curious. They themselves will find everything they need on the pasture. But with cellular maintenance, the owners must certainly think about a balanced diet for them..

A decrease in egg production is always associated with inadequacies in the organization of heating and lighting in the poultry house in winter conditions. This breed is grown not only industrially, but also bred in numerous farms in various regions of the country..

Despite the high resistance to stress, crosses must always create suitable conditions and ensure sufficient nutritional value of the feed. The age of the hens must be taken into account. Their productivity noticeably decreases by the second or third year of life, which leads to the planned replacement of the entire livestock during this period..

Kuban red breed of chickens for home breeding – video

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