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Intoxicating heliotrope with its scent: planting, growing and caring

stalky heliotrope Delicate and sophisticated, heliotrope fills the evening garden with a heady vanilla aroma. These lush, purple shrubs are a great decoration for the landscape design of a country house. It is possible to grow culture both on a personal plot and in an apartment. To do this, you need to choose those varieties that are most adapted to the natural conditions of the region. Subtropical latitudes serve as a favorable environment for a flower. In this regard, planting and caring for heliotrope, photos of some varieties are given below, requires professional knowledge.heliotrope sea breeze

Some features of the flower

flower shieldBreeders have bred about 300 species of this crop. In temperate latitudes (with frosty winters), only annuals are grown, although many acquire perennial varieties for home conditions..

You can add splendor to the bush and flowering with the help of mineral fertilizers. Top dressing is applied every 14 days until the first buds appear..

The flowering period lasts more than one month, starting in July (depending on the area) and ending with the first drop in temperature. This representative of the Buryachnikov family grows exclusively in open areas that are sufficiently warmed up by the sun. The name of the heliotrope flower comes from 2 Latin words: “to turn” and “sun”. They aptly describe the nature of the plant. Outwardly, this prim bush has the following features:

  1. Leaves. The color is dark green and the shape resembles a small upside-down boat. Due to the symmetrically located veins, the leaves have a relief structure. On the stem, they are staggered and planted on small petioles.heliotrope leaves
  2. Flowers. One shield accommodates dozens of small flowers. The diameter of such a bloom is about 25 cm. The peduncle is long and straight. They are mostly done by the Great Artist in dark blue and purple tones. However, there are examples of a white shade (White Lady), as well as with a yellow / brownish center (Kurasovsky).flowering heliotrope varieties White lady
  3. Fruit. When they ripen, they break into four slices. If they are collected in time, then they are suitable for planting heliotrope next year. It should be borne in mind that in the northern regions the seeds do not have time to ripen, therefore they do not germinate well, and their flowers are small and poor.heliotrope of the Kurasavsky variety

The shrub should be planted on the sunny side of the personal plot. The land should be rich in humus and shallow groundwater. You need to water the flower bed often, but make sure that the water does not stagnate. Moreover, in order for the culture to develop successfully, it needs to pinch the shoots, the tops. After all, some varieties reach 30-60 cm in height.Odyssein heliotrope

Weeds can drown out the root system, so it is important to weed the soil regularly. To prevent the soil from drying out in the hot summer, you can make mulch from leaves and grass.

Seed propagation

heliotrope seedsThe heliotrope Marine is recognized as the most optimal exhibit for the garden, because it throws out a lush bloom and branches well. Experts recommend growing it exclusively with seedlings. The seeds may not produce the necessary shoots. Gardeners practice starting sowing after the last frost has passed – in March. As a result, the first sprouts can be seen in a month, and gorgeous flowering in four. To speed up the process of growing heliotrope from seeds (you can see their photos), you should perform the following procedures:

  1. The cotton fabric is impregnated with a growth accelerator. Seeds are wrapped in it and left on a plastic tray. As the material dries, add the solution. The procedure is carried out within 2-3 days..seed treatment before sowing
  2. Compressed peat tablets are used instead of regular soil..
  3. Soak the seeds in the solution for 24 hours. Silver or zircon is used as a growth accelerator. 6 drops of the selected chemical element are added to a glass with warm liquid. Dry the seeds on a towel before sowing..seed soaking

Such actions will protect the heliotrope plant from diseases and pests, and also make it more resistant to temperature extremes. At the same time, the gardener will see the first shoots in 10 days, and not 30. seedlings of heliotrope seedsWhen more than two leaves appear on the stems, and this will happen in one and a half or two months, the seedlings dive in 2 passes. First, they are transplanted in batches of 6-10 pcs. in one container. dived heliotrope seedlingsAfter they grow up a little, they are transferred to pots: individually or in groups (the distance between them is 10-15 cm).

It is important to tie up flowering branches so that the flowerbed looks solid. Otherwise, the heliotrope will “fall apart” on the site, turning into a carpet.

Cutting heliotrope

harvesting heliotrope cuttingsThe heliotrope is a tree-like very demanding garden dweller. Yet thousands of gardeners propagate it using cuttings. March and April are favorable periods for this method.. heliotrope cuttings in a peat mixtureCuttings are planted in peat soil fertilized with humus. The microclimate should be humid, and the temperature should not be lower than 18 degrees. It is advisable to create a miniature greenhouse for him.. cuttings under glassA can or film is most suitable, but do not forget about daily airing. When roots appear, the sprouts are transplanted into separate containers. When the roots take root, they are safely transferred to a permanent place..

Landing

planting in loose soilThe presentable appearance of the plant depends on the planting substrate, lighting, feeding and regular watering. Leaves wilt and fade if the crop grows in the shade. Therefore, for her, you should choose the southern or southwestern side of the site. At home, a plant in high-quality and daily airing.

You should use a soil without clay admixtures. Loose and lighter substrates should be preferred..

To plant a heliotrope flower, it is worth buying a special soil for shrubs and then providing the seedling with proper care, as shown in the photo. You can create a substrate yourself. This requires the following components:

  • sod and deciduous land;
  • coarse sand;
  • high-quality manure humus;
  • charcoal pounded into ash (1-2 handfuls);
  • non-acidic peat;
  • expanded clay is used as drainage.

transplant, watering, fertilizationPeat and soil are the largest parts in the substrate, and all the rest should be taken an order of magnitude less. Then you should dig a large hole, lay out drainage on its bottom, fill it with organic fertilizer, and then carefully lay the seedling. The roots need to be straightened, and then covered with prepared soil in small portions.soil preparation At the end, press the ground near the root collar and water the bush abundantly.

Some sprouts can be pinched off to make the flowerpot more voluminous..

Care

heliotrope loves lightSince herbaceous heliotrope is a very picky plant for open ground, it is advised to water it with soft and settled water (20-25 ° C). It is advisable to spray the shrub every 2-3 days, but it cannot withstand excess water. During the period of intensive vegetation, the soil must be regularly and abundantly moistened.. water for watering plantsBefore each watering, gardeners recommend checking the moisture content of the earth. It should not be wet or dry. Organic and mineral fertilizers, as already noted, are applied before the beginning of the flowering period. Two-time feeding every month to protect the heliotrope from exhaustion.

Rainwater is best suited for irrigation. It should settle a little and warm up well in the sun..

Mulching is an effective method in creating a humid microclimate for the Peruvian heliotrope, as well as other hybrids of this family. You can create such a shelter from any kind of organic matter, namely:

  • compost;
  • sawdust;
  • foliage.

heliotrope varieties PeruvianAs a result, the gardener will save on water, as well as weeding. At the same time, under such an organic “cover”, the soil will always be loose and moist.. heliotrope mulchingMulch is made up to 10 cm high.It is sad, but heliotrope is a tasty morsel for:

  • spider mite (a sign – the leaves are crumbling);spider mite
  • whitefly;whitefly
  • fungal bacteria (gray mold and mold);
  • aphids.aphid

In the fight against fungal pests, antiseptic preparations (fungicides) are used. Spraying is carried out once a week until the disease disappears completely. To destroy the tick, it is enough just to spray the bush abundantly 3 times a day using soft water..

healthy plantIn October, it is advisable to dig up a bed with the remaining parts of the plant. For the winter, it is recommended to apply fertilizer so that it rotted in the ground before the next planting..

You can make a perennial from an annual. To do this, at the beginning of autumn, it is dug up with a clod of earth (diameter 30 cm). Transferred to a large pot with a large hole at the bottom. Place the flowerpot in a room with a temperature of at least 7 ° C. Watering using a pallet, because the culture is at rest.

Despite its whimsicality, this inhabitant of the Mediterranean takes root well on the territory of Russia, Belarus and Ukraine. However, in regions with harsh winters, heliotrope is often grown at home..

Growing heliotrope at home – video

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