Types of ixora and the rules for growing it at home
Ixora is a southern exotic flower suitable for home cultivation. With proper care and maintenance, it feels great at home in a pot and pleases the owner with unusual bright inflorescences. This is a rather rare plant, because it does not tolerate transportation well and can lose some of its leaves along the way. However, if it can be found in a flower shop, it can bloom almost all year round. Look at the photo of the hosta flower!
Description of the plant and its varieties
All varieties of Ixora belong to the Madder family. They look like small shrubs with dense leaves in different shades of green. Their main decoration is bright inflorescences from 10 to 20 cm in diameter.. The flowers can be red, white, yellow, and also the color of salmon caviar. At home, Ixora bright red and Ixora Javanese are grown. They are almost the same in appearance and care requirements. You can distinguish between these two incredible species only by the shape of the sepals and the color of the inflorescences. Ixora Javanese has amazing bright red flowers, the tips of the petals of which are pointed.
These plants bloom all year round, but they are especially active during the rainy season. At home, you can create suitable climatic conditions for them for flowering..
Planting and care rules
Photos of ixora flowers look bright, and live this plant will decorate any interior. It is important to remember that the flower naturally grows in the tropics, therefore it is sensitive to temperature and watering. This is not a plant that feels good with irregular care, with a lack of moisture and in the cold, it can die..
In the summer, the plant can be moved to fresh air, but it does not tolerate frost
Temperature control and lighting
When choosing a suitable place for Ixora, it must be borne in mind that it does not tolerate temperature changes, but prefers well-lit places. It can be grown indoors or under lamps..
Basic requirements for plant maintenance:
- daytime temperature – at least 20 degrees, heat up to 30 degrees and more, it tolerates well;
- a lot of sunlight, otherwise the leaves and flowers will be dull;
- the air temperature in winter can drop to 15 degrees, but the flower should get used to this gradually.
In the summer, the pots can be taken out to the balcony or veranda, but only if there is no cold snap at night. You need to harden the flower gradually – in the summer, put it on the windowsill near the window, which will constantly open. If grown under lamps, the distance from the light source to the top must be at least 15 cm.
The flower needs good lighting, some people prefer to grow it under a lamp
Soil, top dressing and watering regime
Planting and caring for an ishora flower is not difficult if the room is warm and light enough. A large pot is suitable for this plant, which is rounded down, and at its bottom there must be holes to remove excess moisture. Special drainage must be placed under the ground – you can buy it at any store or use polystyrene for this purpose.
The composition of the soil is another requirement, without which the flower cannot grow tall and healthy. Its environment must be slightly acidic, and the soil must be loosened regularly..
The substrate for flower growth can be prepared at home from the following components:
- turf or garden land, which can be purchased at the store;
- as top dressing – humus, peat or compost.
The plant is watered regularly as soon as the topsoil begins to dry out. Water at room temperature, standing for several days, is suitable. It is also necessary to regulate the air humidity by spraying water from a spray bottle. It is also useful to purchase top dressing for ornamental plants and add them to the soil once every 2 weeks in the summer and once a month in the winter..
The main sign that the plant is not getting enough moisture is the dropping of the lower leaves. They are not restored, so it is better to monitor the health of the flower constantly.
Reproduction of ixora
The plant can be propagated all year round by cuttings. To do this, after flowering, you need to cut off several shoots and put them in a container with water to root. The first roots of Ixora are released after 1-2 weeks, and after 3 weeks they become strong enough to transplant the flower into the ground. Organic fertilizers are immediately introduced into the pot so that the plant quickly takes root. To accelerate the growth of roots on the shoots, you can use special store products (Kornevin).
Some varieties of this plant can be grown to create miniature plants – bonsai
Ixora looks great in pots on a windowsill. Due to the fact that she prefers well-lit areas, it is not recommended to place her next to tall plants. The neighborhood for this flower is important, since it will be necessary to maintain high humidity around it. With proper care and regular watering, large inflorescences with small multi-colored flowers appear. They come in a variety of shades, but most varieties have red or yellow flowers. There are few varieties of this plant on sale, there are many more of them in nature. This is due to the difficulties of transportation and the ability of varieties to adapt to the climate in foreign countries..