Photo and description of allium varieties
The Allium flower grows mainly in the countries of the northern hemisphere, but an abundance of the plant can be observed in Chile, Brazil and in some African countries. Studying allium from a photo, it is impossible to restrain a smile – the appearance of a flower is similar to an overgrown and blooming onion. Unlike a vegetable, in the formed flower umbrella, you can notice a small bulb – no more than 5 mm in diameter. They are dark in color, often replace variegated flowers..
At the moment, the decorative allium onion has about a thousand species and varieties, differing in the shape and size of the flowers. All of them gather in umbrellas, which makes the flower bed look like a large accumulation of balls. Depending on the variety and region, the height of the flowers varies from 5 cm to 1.5 m..
Allium roundhead (sphaerocephalon)
Allium sphaerocephalon is the most common species in Russia, as it is unpretentious to climatic conditions and in the wild it can grow both on coastal rocks and sands, and in meadows of European countries and countries of North Africa. Russian breeders and amateur flower growers are attracted by the bright brown inflorescence of the plant, which blooms in mid-July and delights the eyes for 2-4 weeks.
The arrow of the round-headed allium can grow up to 60 cm in height with an inflorescence of at least 5 cm in diameter. The flower umbrella is dense, goes well with ornamental greenery planted between the bulbs.
The flower grows well in loose soils, while tolerating the winter without the need to dig out the bulbs. Allium Spherocephalon is enough to cover with a special material and sprinkle with fallen leaves.
Allium Roseum (roseum)
The presented type of flower is the opposite of the above-described variety. Its formed umbrellas are scattered, with the presence of light pink flowers. The flowers are large in diameter, can reach up to 1.5 cm. Allium Roseum inflorescences grow up to 60 cm in length. The plant grows predominantly along the Mediterranean coast.
The presented type of bulbous plant is one of the few that has thin leaves, reaching a width of only 1 cm.The buds are located on a thin stem.
Allium Purple Sensation
The flower got its name due to its color – dense umbrellas with a large number of small flowers with six petals. The alliuma variety Pearple Senseishen is actively grown in the gardens of Russian flower growers. Most are attracted by unpretentiousness, as well as the possibility of growing even in the harsh climate of the country..
The plant can grow in the shade, tolerates winters. Reaches up to 1.5 m in height (minimum height – 1.2 m), inflorescences of allium purple sensation in diameter up to 12 cm.
The presented variety is similar in its characteristics to a vegetable familiar to a person. It grows up to 1 m with inflorescences 20 cm in diameter. The umbrella is dense, contains flowers with six petals. Allium Gladiator differs from the rest with its persistent aroma. Despite the similarity to a vegetable, this variety is whimsical to care for, therefore it is mainly grown in a greenhouse or in an arboretum..
The Gladiator variety is not only similar in structure and characteristics to vegetable onions, but is also edible. It is not the trunks that are eaten, but the leaves of the plant..
Allium Ivory Queen
Allium Ivory Queen is planted in the gardens of Russia quite often, which is explained by their unpretentiousness in care, as well as with a small growth – the shoots reach a maximum of 35 cm.At the same time, the flower pleases with large inflorescences – up to 12 cm.The color of the buds is white, milky, ivory.
The green-blue hue of the leaves and the endless aroma give the plant a special charm. Allium begins to bloom in mid-July, the buds can be seen within a month.
Allium Giganteum or giant
The name of the flower fully justifies itself. The plant reaches at least 1.5 m in height, which is shown in the allium photo. Inflorescences of a lilac and bright purple shade with a diameter of 8 cm. The shape of the flower is interesting – this is a star familiar to everyone, rather small for a dense umbrella. Flowering begins in the middle or towards the end of summer, pleases flower growers for a month.
Allium Giganteum is contrasted – its tall pillar does not “match” the leaves. They are squat, wide and turn yellow quickly..
Allium the City-loving
This variety is classified as a low-growing plant, since its height reaches only 10-20 cm in height. The flower bulbs are small, no more than a pea. The inflorescences contain flowers that are more similar in shape to the familiar bells. The umbrellas are loose, so the flowers can be counted – there are no more than 40 of them..
Allium City-loving grows in central Russia, blooms at the end of May and pleases the eyes for only 20 days.
In the gardens of Russian flower growers, you can find a small plant with numerous yellow and loose umbrellas. The flower is no more than 25 cm tall, begins to bloom from late May to early June. This is allium Moli, which pleases with unpretentious cultivation and the shape of yellow flowers – the usual stars.
Most will be surprised, but the allium shown in the photo is garlic. From the point of view of the study of plant species, it is the Allium Sativum variety, the bulbs of which are edible. Umbrellas are small in diameter and mainly contain unopened buds of white small flowers. Gradually, the flowers change their shade to gray. Flowering is often stopped by the desire of the gardener – he simply pulls out the inflorescences, collecting the bulbs for practical purposes.
Allium Mixed (Mixed)
Breeders are actively using the flower in question to breed new varieties. So Allium Mixed is one of the results of the creative activity of specialists, called the Low-growing mixture. The plant really reaches a height of no more than 25 cm.
Mixed is chosen by those amateur flower growers who like to create landscapes with long flowering in their flower beds. This artificially bred variety blooms from June to August, unlike other varieties that can keep flowers for a maximum of 25-27 days..
Features of home care
If there is a desire to plant the presented decorative flower with the alleged consumption of certain varieties, it is necessary to study the features of self-cultivation at home. The following features of planting and care are distinguished here:
- Choosing a landing site. These are extremely dry places with a lot of light. There are some varieties that can withstand shade, but the brightness of the umbrellas depends on the lighting. Therefore, it is better to choose places that are under sunlight most of the time..
- Landing. It is necessary to plant bulbs in the fall – from September to October. The soil should be fertile and loose. To do this, you can add a little sand while digging the soil. For a better habituation of the bulbs, it is recommended to add mineral fertilizers suitable for the bulbous plants. Planting is carried out in pre-prepared holes with a depth of 2 bulb diameters. The distance between the holes is at least 30 cm.
- Care. Allium must be watered as the topsoil dries up. Since the plant is bulbous, a large amount of moisture is destructive for it. During cultivation, it is enough to weed the planted area and loosen the ground.
- Top dressing. The flower must be fertilized 3 times during its growth and flowering. The first time in the spring, as soon as the first shoots appear. These must be special mineral fertilizers. During flowering, formulations intended for flowering plants are chosen for feeding. In autumn, phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are applied. Wood ash is also recommended to be added to the soil during the planting of bulbs in the fall..
- Reproduction. Bulbous flower propagates only by daughter bulbs. They are separated from the main one, and then planted in greenhouses until next fall. In a year, the bulb will grow and gain strength. Disembarkation is also carried out before winter.
- Diseases and pests. The flower is susceptible to fungal diseases – powdery mildew or cervical rot. This often happens if the dug out bulbs were stored improperly during the winter at home. The disease is quickly transferred to healthy bulbs – they become softer and dry out. It is unacceptable to plant them in the ground. To avoid infection, the bulbs are kept at a temperature of +40 for 112 hours. Onion fly, moth and spider mite are isolated from pests. If there are corresponding traces on the plants, you must use a solution of chlorophos.
Allium is a perennial plant that can be in the garden of a florist for 5 years. There is no need to dig up the bulbs every winter. The beauty shown in the photo of allium inspires self-cultivation, which even a novice florist can handle. If there are notes of doubt, you can try planting undersized varieties at home. After flowering, the bulbs can be removed from the ground, wrapped in newspaper each individually and put in the refrigerator. In autumn, it is allowed to plant them in open ground in compliance with the recommendations presented above..