Choosing the best types of kupena for a flower bed
All types of kupena are herbaceous plants. This culture belongs to the well-known Asparagus family. What are the types and varieties of kupena and how to recognize them, read on.
Kupena and its most popular representatives
Kupena is an interesting flower that has another name – “Solomon’s seal”. In its natural environment, it lives in the subtropics and latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere. The plant has about ten varieties, popular everywhere..
The most common types of flower:
- Broad-leaved kupena. Differs in medicinal properties, green leaves have a white outline. The plant is considered medium in size, because it reaches only half a meter in height. The top of the stem is not as curved as in other varieties. It blooms with light paired flowers. This process takes place in late May – early June. After flowering, it is covered with rich blue fruits.
- Siberian bought. The plant has an impressive dense root, a thick stem emerges from it. It reaches a height of 60 cm. The leaves have an elongated shape, grow in length by 7 cm. Their lower part is bare, and a curl is located at the tip. Pedicels grow without leaves, each with two buds. The plant can reach a height of one meter. Each flower has a deep-set pistil and stamens that do not go beyond the edges of the petals. Flowering occurs in late spring, after wilting, red berries are tied.
- Kupena is naked. This species grows in the natural environment in the forests of the Caucasus. The plant feels great on the edges and in the depths of the forest. You can also find naked kupin in the mountains. The root is thick and sweeping, a dense, powerful stem grows from it, reaching 65 cm. The trunk is green, its lower part is distinguished by a reddish tint. The entire stem is covered with leaves, outwardly elongated, which are located around the shoot. The plates are quite large – up to 17 cm in length. The top of the leaf is green and the bottom is gray.
This variety reaches a height of half a meter. The top of the stem is pubescent, the trunk is round. Leaves grow along the stem. Their shape is pointed, the color is bright green. The buds originate in the axils of the leaves, outwardly drooping, of the correct shape. Two flowers are formed, after which wilting, blue fruits are formed. Flowering starts in late spring and lasts about a month..
If conditions are favorable, the seeds are quickly accepted and germinate immediately. Sprouts are observed within a year after sowing the seeds. Usually, seedlings can be seen as early as early June. This species is the most drought-tolerant. Dense soils and shade will be the most optimal for the full growth of the buy. Other unfavorable conditions are also not terrible for the purchase. Saponins, starch, alkaloids, sugars, mucous substances and so on are concentrated at the root of the plant..
This variety takes root well in shady forests and mixed terrain. Such a bath in natural conditions is known to us in the mountains of the Himalayas, the Alps, the Caucasus, East and Asia Minor. As for the appearance of the plant, its length reaches a meter. Pointed leaves are located around the stem.
The lower part of the plate is green-bluish, the upper one is bright green. The length of the leaf does not exceed 16 cm, its width ranges from 4-5 cm. Inside the leaf sinuses, several flowers are formed, the perianth of which is white and tubular with lowered teeth. The multicolored kupena blooms usually during the month of May. This variety also has hybrid forms that differ from the original with striped leaves, green bracts, and a terry surface of the petals..
This type is also called a pharmacy bath, because it began to be used in medicine a long time ago..
Kupena squat or low
This variety has bare and erect stems. Many trunks create a neat bush, the height of which does not exceed 25 cm. The stem grows only 6 cm per year. The leaves of the squat bush are oval, lowered at the bottom, grow around the trunk. Flowering occurs in June and lasts 15 days. The buds grow singly, are white, the pistil and stamens extend beyond the edges of the petals. Berries are formed after flowering, have a deep blue color.
In the natural environment, the variety is found in Primorye, southern Siberia, Iturup, Sakhalin, Kunashir. In addition, low kupena is growing in Korea, Japan, and China. It is more favorable to plant the flower in drained soil. It can be the shore of a reservoir, a mountainside, plains, bushes and more..
Fragrant Kupena (medicinal)
The medicinal species is most widely known to man. The height of the flower does not exceed half a meter, the leaves are green with a white edging. They are 14 cm long and 5 cm wide. White buds grow in pairs, flowering begins in late spring – June. After wilting, deep blue berries ripen. Under natural conditions, fragrant kupena is found in wooded areas and on mountain slopes. The plant can be seen in Mongolia, Japan, Siberia and China, the Mediterranean, the Far East.
The cultivation of the fragrant variety has been carried out for several centuries. Its popularity is due not only to its unique aroma, but also to the fact that it tolerates well the lack of watering.
The plant is distinguished by the presence of a faceted bare stem, the height of which does not exceed 28 cm. The leaves of the Caucasian variety are oval in shape, they taper towards the base. The lower surface of the plate has veins under the villi. The length of the leaves reaches 10 cm, and they grow up to 5 cm wide. Pedicels are mostly naked. The white bowl around the bud expands to the top. Flowering occurs in mid-April.
The Caucasian variety Kupena is widespread in the natural environment in Dagestan, the forests of the western part of the Caucasus Mountains, and the Ciscaucasia. It gets along well with fir, spruce, deciduous tree. The variety is also found on the Balkan Peninsula, in Asia Minor, the Alps.
The flower stem is long and thin, straight, about 35-65 cm long. The leaflets located at the bottom are attached to the stem, while the upper plates are collected in groups of several pieces. The leaves are oblong, 3 cm wide, 13 cm long, distinguished by pointed edges. Color – light green. Blooming white buds occurs in the middle of summer..
It is also a fairly popular variety, found naturally in Siberia and China. The straight stem has reddish blotches. Leaves are collected in groups of several pieces, length – 14 cm, slightly pubescent. Flowers are formed by 3, emerge from the axils of the leaves. The perianths are pink, their denticles bent outward. Flowering occurs at the end of May. After it, long red berries form on the plant..
Kupena is a beautiful plant. She decorates the gardens and flower beds of many flower growers. Regardless of the fertility of the soil, it regularly pleases with delicate greenery and beautiful white flowers.