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What kind of care does collieria need at home?

Blooming coleria Many Gesneriaceae are grown as flowering houseplants. These types also include collieria, home care for which will not cause serious trouble, but another green exhibit with bright bell flowers will appear in the collection..

In nature, the plant belonging to the Gesneriev family lives in the tropical regions of Central and South America. This is a perennial herbaceous shrub with thin, almost unbranched shoots, pubescent foliage and velvety tubular bells, which can delight the grower almost all year round..

Features of the color scheme in the photo and in the description

Ovate-pointed leaves sit oppositely on the shoots and, depending on the species and variety, can be not only green, but also purple, bluish or almost purple. Flowers in koleriya, as in the photo, are predominantly red and orange. But there are varieties with purple or pink bells. Variegated, speckled corollas are not uncommon. Flowers up to 4 cm in diameter are formed at the tops of the stems and are held on long peduncles.

If a competent regular care is established for the plant, colliery at home responds with massive flowering, when 15-20 flowers open on one bush at a time.

Unlike the closest relatives of gloxinia, which form tubers, a thickened scaly rhizome forms under the soil cover.

Types of coleria: photos of indoor crops

Coleria pleasant (Kohleria amabilis) In nature, there are several dozen types of koleriya, but only a small part is grown as a pot culture. These plants are different:

  • in the size of the crown;
  • in the color of foliage and flowers;
  • in the place of growth in natural conditions.

Coleria pleasant or Kohleria amabilis is distinguished by a dark green or brownish foliage with a silvery thick pile. Stems, cuttings and veins have a purple hue. On the peduncles, one, two, or less often three flowers are revealed. The color of the corollas can range from pale pink or orange to crimson. In the type of koleria shown in the photo, it is not uncommon to have two-color corollas with a variegated, speckled pharynx..

Coleria fluffy (Kohleria eriantha)Coleria fluffy or Kohleria eriantha is most often found indoors. Plants are easily recognizable by their olive green pubescent leaves, which appear brown due to the reddish hairs along the edges. The flowers of this type of koleria, as in the photo, have a predominantly bright orange-red color. In the mouth of the bell, the shade changes to yellow. Red or burgundy spots are scattered over the petals. Several flowers are revealed on the peduncles at once..

Koleria bogotensis (Kohleria bogotensis)Koleria bogotá, Kohleria bogotensis or, in the alternative opinion of botanists, Kohleria amabilis var. Bogotensis, can be recognized by green fluffy leaves and red-yellow flowers with burgundy specks on the inner surface of the petals and throat.

Bogotá coleria with dark-colored foliageIn addition to a variety with an even green color of foliage, there are specimens of this type of coleria, as in the photo, striking the imagination of a grower with dark, brown-green foliage and the same shoots.

Coleria Varshevich or Kohleria warszewiczii is another plant species that deserves the attention of indoor plant lovers. This large variety of koleria has:

  • rather dense erect stems of dark green color;
  • pointed elliptical leaves;
  • unusual flowers with a lilac or pinkish tube and light yellow-green petals covered with purple or brownish specks.

Flowering koleria VarshevichOften another name for the species shown in the photo is used – foxglove coleria or Kohleria digitaliflora.

Home care for koleriya

Coleria Bogotensis varieties El CrystalColeria is one of the most unpretentious plants in the family. It grows and blooms without any problems at room temperatures. Culture loves light, but in the hot sun it can wither, lose its decorative effect and drop flowers ahead of time, so it is better to provide shading at noon hours on the southern windows. With a shortage of sunlight, the shoots stretch out, become disproportionately thin and weakened. The leaves are shrinking, flowering is not pleasing to the mass.

In the cold season, many plants shed their leaves, complete flowering, and over time, their entire aerial part dies off. In this case, it is better to lower the air temperature by 5–7 ° C and reduce watering, only occasionally moistening the soil. In the spring, when the roots show signs of awakening, the pots are exposed to the light and resume the previous care of the color..

Coleria variety Peridots KitlopeIf for the winter koleria, as in the photo, preserves foliage, it still needs light, regular, but not as abundant as watering in summer and a temperature of 16-18 ° C.

In addition to watering and maintaining the optimal temperature, caring for your paintwork at home includes measures to humidify the air, which is especially useful on hot days and when the heating is on..

Coleria variety Vanilla PuddinIn the spring, koleriya are transplanted into nutritious loose soil. To do this, take a ready-made mixture for Saintpaulias or a universal substrate for flowering crops. Since the rhizomes of the plant are shallow under the surface, it is better to choose wide, not too deep containers, at the bottom of which drainage must be arranged.

Coleria variety CandyThe transplant is used to propagate colerias with parts of the rhizome. Small fragments with several dormant buds are separated from the mother plant, dried and dropped into the ground to a depth of 2 cm. After that, you just need to moisten the soil. And when sprouts appear above its surface, systematic care for the color begins, including monthly fertilizing, which continues until autumn.

An obligatory stage in caring for a color scheme at home is the formation of a crown. It consists in pinching the growing and lying shoots. Apex removal stimulates:

  • awakening of the axillary kidneys;
  • branching;
  • the formation of new buds on the lateral shoots.

Cuttings obtained during pinching can be rooted in water or in a substrate, thus obtaining not only a compact flowering plant, but also new young coleria of your favorite species.

When a couple of adult leaves appear on a small bush, pinch the top again to start crown formation. If the formation is not carried out, in most types of coleria, the shoots lodge, turning the plant into an ampelous.

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