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Planting and caring for an extraordinary vervain in the garden

wonderful verbena in your garden This garden dweller has over 200 species. Below we consider what kind of verbena plant is, planting and care necessary for lush flowering, photos of various types. Since ancient times, the plant carries some kind of mysticism. She guarded the hearth of the Celts and was part of the love drinks of the Druids.

People simply believed in this, but there is also factual evidence of its benefits. The plant is actively used by herbalists and helps to cope with many ailments. Read: Gaillardia perennial planting and care in the fall

Such a different verbena

verbena structure Conventionally, the Verbenovs’ representatives can be divided according to several criteria:

  1. There are annual, perennial and subshrub species.
  2. The stems are creeping, erect, or outstretched. The leaves are different too.
  3. You can choose any color of the inflorescences – there are about 10. There are monochromatic and flowers with an eye.

But all species have common features. Verbena is a rhizome plant. The inflorescence contains about 50 small flowers. Flowering can be observed from early summer to November. In our climate, unfortunately, verbena can only be grown as an annual – most species do not tolerate frosty winters..

Now let’s take a closer look at the popular types of verbena and consider a photo of flowers.

Verbena long-term straight

perennial straight verbenaThis is the only plant species that tolerates frost. Leaves are oval in shape with denticles at the edges, 9 by 5 cm. The flowers are lilac, the inflorescence is 40 cm in length. Flowering is short.

Verbena of Buenos Aires

From the name it is clear that the homeland of the plant is in warm countries. There, Buenos Aires verbena reaches 120 cm, grows like a perennial. It has a main stem and side shoots at the base of the bush. The leaves are long, with denticles at the edges. The flowers are light lilac. The inflorescences are in the form of spikelets, which in turn form umbrella-shaped caps. Long and abundant flowering. The second name is Bonar verbena.verbena bonar

Verbena hybrid

verbena hybridA popular species among flower growers in our region. Has creeping, branched or erect stems from 20 cm to half a meter long. The leaves are triangular, with colorless bristles. Umbrella-shaped inflorescences, fragrant. Verbena hybrid can be of two subspecies:

  • large-flowered (up to half a meter high);
  • compact (up to 30 cm in height).

Verbena ampelous

verbena ampelousThere are two main varieties of ampel verbena:

  • Imaging;
  • Moon River.

Most often, ampelous verbena is grown in hanging pots.

Verbena officinalis

verbena officinalisPerennial medicinal verbena grows up to 80 cm.The leaves are oblong, the flowers are lilac, the inflorescence is in the form of a panicle.

Lemon verbena

lemon verbenaIt grows up to 2 meters in height, the inflorescence is spicate. This species pleases with flowers from July to September. Most often, the variety is used for making oil, added to tea.

The healing properties of the plant

healthy verbena teaVerbena has medicinal properties and contraindications. The latter includes individual intolerance. There are many medicinal properties, they differ in different species. Let’s talk about two of the most popular.

So verbena officinalis has an excellent antispasmodic effect. Besides:

  • relieves headache;
  • helps with vegetative dystonia;
  • normalizes blood pressure;
  • diuretic;
  • removes cholesterol from blood vessels.

medicinal verbena teaLemon verbena has an antiseptic effect, is used in the treatment of vegetative-vascular dystonia, as well as:

  • sedative;
  • antipyretic;
  • used for violations of the liver;
  • helps with problems with the gastrointestinal tract;
  • anti-inflammatory.

extract of lemon verbena

Planting verbena

grow verbena in a potSince we grow verbena as an annual plant, let’s figure out how to grow it from seeds. In some cases, seed stratification is required for germination. This will require a damp cloth, a dark bag, and a refrigerator. We put the seeds in a dampened cloth, place them in a bag and leave them in the refrigerator for 5 days.

The stratification procedure is needed for those verbena species that have a very dense seed box..

verbena seedlingsAfter stratification, you can start sowing. Verbena seeds can be germinated both as a seedling method and in the open field. By the way, the first method showed great germination.

Verbena seeds retain their germination capacity for 3-5 years.

In many species of verbena, the percentage of seed germination is up to 30%. It is worth considering this and not expecting a miracle. For seedlings, seeds are sown in March. It is necessary to prepare pots with humus, sand or perlite mixed with earth. Then the seeds are poured and covered with a thin layer of humus. The containers must be covered with glass and germinated at a temperature of 20 degrees.

Do not forget to sometimes ventilate the seedlings, and remove condensation from the glass.

picking verbena seedlingsThe first shoots will appear in 3 weeks. As soon as they appear, the container should be transferred to a cooler place.. water and fertilize seedlingsTaking care of the seedlings is simple – you need to maintain the water balance. Plants are sprayed when the soil is completely dry.

verbena from cuttingsWhen the seedlings have two pairs of leaves (around May), you need to pick into separate pots. When the plants have already got used to the new place, you can do fertilizing with mineral fertilizers..

In ampel varieties, the top above 5-6 leaves must be pinched. This promotes better branching of the plant..

planting seedlings in open groundWhen the seedlings have already grown, they can be placed in open ground. A sunny location with fertile loam is best. But verbena can grow in partial shade on poor soils dug up with sand.

It is important to keep the distance between the flowers so that they do not interfere with the normal development of each other. So, undersized verbena are planted at a distance of 20 cm, and creeping – 25-30 cm.

So that there is no destructive stagnation of water, drainage material must be added to each hole before planting..

Planting verbena and care in the open field is as follows. On the street, the temperature should already be above 0 during the day, and at night not below -3. Otherwise, the plant will die. Make sure that the soil with seeds is loose – this is the only way the sprouts can break through.

Sow on damp soil, do not sprinkle on top. Also, do not forget about timely watering, but do not overmoisten the soil..

How to care for vervain

care for verbena in the flower bedThe rules for caring for a plant are quite simple:

  1. During the period of active growth and flowering, regular watering is needed. Since the end of summer, it has been stopped altogether..
  2. Loosening is necessary in extreme heat. It is done only after watering to aerate the roots..
  3. When planting verbena in a group, weeding is needed at the first time of growth..
  4. In order not to fight weeds and not to loosen the soil, mulch the soil. Mulch will replace your labor.

lush flowering of verbena in the gardenAs for fertilization, organics and minerals are added. The first is added only once per season. If you fertilize more with organic matter, the verbena will only grow the green part, but you will not wait for flowering. Mineral fertilizer is applied 4 times.

When removing withered flowers, verbena will delight you with beauty and aroma until the first frost.

bright bloom of ampelous verbena

Dangers to the plant

verbena needs processingVerbena is quite persistent and, subject to the rules of planting and care, looks like in the photo and practically does not get sick. The danger arises when grown outdoors in a flower bed in a rainy summer or when overflowing. So powdery mildew, black leg, rot and other similar diseases can appear. That is, the plant will simply start to rot. Such diseases are quite difficult to cure, so try to prevent waterlogging of the soil, organize good drainage.

Of the pests, ticks and aphids can attack verbena. Insecticides will save them from them.

Collecting verbena seeds

it will be time to collect the seeds soonWhen most of the seed pods are brown, the seeds can be harvested. To do this, you need to cut off the inflorescence and put it to dry on a sheet of paper. To prevent mold from appearing during drying, the inflorescence must be periodically turned over. When the inflorescence dries up, all that remains is to open the boxes and pour the seeds into a bag.

There is no guarantee that the seed will carry the appearance of the mother plant. It is impossible to guess what exactly from them will grow.

Wintering verbena

Most species in our climate grow as annuals, since at temperatures below -3 degrees, the plant dies. In this case, plant residues are removed in late autumn and the soil is dug up.

In some regions, you can try to make perennial verbena. To do this, you need to insulate the root system with sawdust in the fall..

There is only one species that withstands wintering – perennial straight verbena. This is a rather rare plant in culture that needs preparation for winter. To keep the roots healthy until spring, you need to cut the stems to ground level and close the base of the bush with spruce branches.

Decorating your garden with any kind of verbena, you will definitely not regret it. This beautiful and useful plant is not whimsical, beautiful and fragrant..

Verbena from sowing to the first buds – video

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