Long-flowering handsome clematis of the third pruning group – description and photos of famous varieties
The biggest dream of gardeners growing flowering ampelous plants is for their offspring to delight with their flowering as long as possible, and at the same time there was as little hassle as possible with long lashes, especially when preparing for wintering. You can bring it to life by planting clematis of the third pruning group on the site. The description and photo of the varieties, a selection of which we have specially made and today we want to present to you, will serve as a confirmation of the theory about the long-term beauty of these luxurious creeping vines..
Special features of the group
The third group of clematis is one of the easiest to breed. This includes varieties that have a long flowering period (up to 3 months), while in most species it is later. The reason for this phenomenon is the fact that the vine sets buds only on a young growth. Accordingly, this leaves an imprint on the procedure for forming a bush: every year it is necessary to completely cut out the bush, leaving stumps no more than 15 cm in height (one or two buds). This is enough for the vine to be reborn.
Varieties of the third group have one more feature: they grow rather quickly and if you neglect pruning, soon the bush will turn into a tangled ball of ugly twisted lashes. What can I say about the fact that you will have to forget about flowering. Thus, annually cutting off the shoots that have grown during the season, you can not only update the bush and maintain its compact forms, but also preserve the varietal qualities of flowering..
It is best to prune in the fall – then the bush, or rather its remnants, will be easier to cover and prepare for wintering.
And now we bring to your attention a description of the most popular varieties of clematis of the third pruning group (with photo).
Some of the most spectacular species are hybrids with large inflorescences. Large flowers of a rich or delicate color, simple or double, immediately catch the eye and make the bush the pride of a florist.
Clematis Ville de Lyon
The description of clematis Ville de Lyon should start with the fact that it belongs to the Viticell group. The diameter of the inflorescences reaches 16 cm, while they have a rich color and consist of 5-6 simple petals and long, up to 2 cm, stamens. Some consider it red, but most of all the color is similar to fuchsia, while the tips of the petals are darker. Interestingly, by the end of flowering, purple hues begin to prevail. The bush is quite large, the length of the lashes is from 3 to 4 m.Flowering begins late, in July, but lasts until the first frost.
The variety has increased winter hardiness and is resistant to most fungal diseases, but it can fade in the sun (flowers will become faded).
The variety is the result of the work of Polish breeders, earned its popularity due to simple, but very large (up to 16 cm in diameter), inflorescences with an interesting color: they are deep pink, but the stamens are painted in maroon color.
The bush itself grows to a maximum of 3 m, winter-hardy, late – blooms from June to September.
You can trim clematis lightly and then flowering will be in May, and with strong pruning, flowers will appear only in the second half of June.
Clematis Venosa Violacea
One of the unpretentious types of clematis, it grows no more than 3 m in height, hibernates well and rarely gets sick. Flowering occurs in mid-summer and until October, delicate flowers flaunt on the bush. They are single, consist of 4 or 6 simple petals, are medium in size and have a two-color color:
- the middle of the petals is white;
- along the entire length at the edges on both sides there are purple stripes.
You can grow clematis on a support, as well as as a ground cover plant.
Clematis Etual Violet
A characteristic feature of this clematis from the Viticella group is the abundance of large flowers with a rich dark purple color, which bloom in June and adorn the bush until the end of summer. In the center of the inflorescence, white stamens are visible as a bright spot. Liana is subject to strong pruning, but thanks to its good growth rate, it quickly gains a height of about 3 m, however, it cannot please with special density.
It is better not to let it go to a high arch – it will be too watery, but on a low ladder, which can be wrapped around completely, it will be possible to achieve the effect of splendor.
The variety is unpretentious, can grow in almost any soil, both on a support and as a ground cover plant.
Clematis Pink Fantasy
A very delicate Canadian hybrid with large pink flowers, with a subtle darker tint along the wide petal, while the stamens are also pink. Liana on average rises to a height of 3 m and blooms from mid-summer to early autumn.
The variety has successfully taken root even in the middle lane and northern latitudes due to its high frost resistance.
Clematis Cardinal Wyszynski
Some gardeners call him Cardinal Wisniewski, thus interpreting the Polish surname in the Russian manner. Small, up to 3 m in height, the bush will delight with very large (20 cm) burgundy-red inflorescences, consisting of 5-6 simple petals, slightly wavy along the edge. Red-brown stamens complement the rich coloration. Flowering lasts from summer to early autumn. Among breeders, it is deservedly recognized as the best variety in the group of red large-flowered clematis.
The species prefers semi-shady places, in the sun the brightness of the color fades and the flowers turn pale.
Clematis Hegley Hybrid
A small bush from 2 to 3 m in height grows slowly, but it will delight you with an abundance of buds: they are large, up to 18 cm in diameter, delicate light pink color, open on young branches late, in the middle of summer, and bloom until September. The stamens are chocolate colored. The hybrid has good resistance to low temperatures.
The variety prefers partial shade – in the bright sun, the flowering time is reduced, and the color fades.
Our growers had the opportunity to purchase this original Japanese variety only 2 years ago, after Taiga won the honorable third place at a specialized exhibition. And there was a reason – large terry inflorescences attract attention with a multi-colored color: if the extreme petals are monochromatic, purple, then the rest are only at the beginning of the petal, and most of the edge is painted white-green, while the tips are wrapped inward.
Clematis blooms from June to September. Liana is on average 2 m in height, with good lighting it grows up to 2.5 m.
Liana up to 3.5 m high branches well along the support, and from June it is decorated with very large inflorescences, up to 20 cm in diameter. They hang down on long pedicels and consist of 6 wide petals with a velvety surface, painted in a rich burgundy color. A lighter stripe is barely visible along the center of the petals, which is actually on their back. They themselves are wide, in one row, but smoothly rounded at the tip, ending in a small sharp tip. It is noteworthy that it is pink and white..
Mazovshe blooms late, at the end of June, but the flowers bloom one after another until September. The variety winters well and is suitable for growing in the middle lane..
Clematis Comtesse de Bouchaud
This clematis is also called the Countess de Boucher. A fairly tall variety, it can reach up to 4 m in height, although it does not grow very quickly. In one place it can live up to 20 years. The buds are not small, but not very large (no more than 15 cm), pink-lilac, with drawn longitudinal ribs, cream-colored stamens. Flowering is long, comes in June and ends in September. The variety has good winter hardiness..
In order for the buds to retain their rich color until the very fall, it is better to plant the bush in partial shade, otherwise they will fade and become light.
In the middle lane, a flower with the unusual name Stasik feels good – this is a suitable variety for novice gardeners. It does not require too much attention, it winters well and blooms profusely, however, not too early and not very large flowers. The first inflorescences bloom in early July on young branches, they are the largest, up to 11 cm in diameter, painted in a dark pink color with a red tint, gradually turning into purple. There are no more than 8 petals on each flower, but most often 6, they are slightly pointed and collected in the form of a star.
A characteristic feature of the variety is the presence in the middle of each petal of a lighter wide strip or several narrow stripes, and the reverse side of the flower is paler than the front. Flowering ends in September, while there are already noticeably fewer buds.
Since the bush grows compact, up to 1.8 m in height, and its growth rate is low, it can be planted in containers with the installation of additional support.
Small-flowered varieties of clematis
Their buds will not surprise you with their size, but the abundant flowering makes you forget about it – we are talking about the types of vines with a diameter of inflorescences up to 10 cm.A description and photo of varieties of clematis of the third pruning group with small inflorescences will make sure that size is not the most important thing.
One of the most charming types of clematis combines varieties with a characteristic shape of inflorescences into a separate group: they are small, up to a maximum of 5 cm in diameter, and look like the heads of tulips or bells. The color of the buds depends on the specific hybrid, but the main ones are white-yellow tones..
It is interesting that in nature the plant does not exceed 30 cm, but cultivated species grow from 3 to 6 m in height. A characteristic feature are angular stems with strong branching. They firmly wrap around the support, although they do not form a dense wall – the leaves are quite rare.
Among the most popular varieties of Tangut clematis, it is worth noting:
- Anita. The inflorescences are white, wide open, a little like the flowers of garden jasmine, bloom in two waves (summer-autumn), the height of the bush is 4 m.
- Aureolin. Half-open pale yellow bells bloom continuously from June to early autumn, the height of the bush is up to 3 m.
- Bill McKenzie. The tallest and fastest growing species with a liana height of up to 6 m. Inflorescences in the form of deep yellow round bells, slightly open.
- Grace. The 4-petal flowers of a delicate beige color fully open and become like a star. Bush height 3 m.
- Lambton Park. One of the most large-flowered and vivid species of this group, it blooms with dark yellow, slightly elongated, bells, the diameter of which reaches 5 cm. The buds do not open completely. Bush height no more than 4 m.
Clematis Tangut Love Radar
This romantic name is another hybrid representative of the Tangut clematis, which is worth talking about separately. The variety will not please with the large size of the inflorescences, but it will surprise them with their unusual shape: in the unopened form, the flowers look like drooping bells, which have 4 petals, slightly bent outward along the edge. When the bud is fully opened, it turns into a four-pointed star, burning with a rich yellow color, while its diameter is only 4 cm.The flowering of the Radar of Love occurs in several waves with a short break.
The variety has good winter hardiness, which allows it to be grown practically throughout the entire territory of Russia. He also feels good in a tub in a closed room..
A rather tall bush builds up whips up to 5 m long and branches well along the support, creating a dense wall of dense small leaves, while clematis can be up to 4 m wide.A distinctive feature of the variety is small inflorescences in the form of crosses of four narrow petals, painted white, with pubescent sepals. Despite the modest size of the buds, there are a lot of them and it seems that there is a huge white cloud in front of your eyes, besides, it is also fragrant – the flowers smell sweetly of honey with a subtle almond tint. Flowering begins in mid-summer and lasts until its end. Burning clematis can be grown even in the northern regions, since its frost resistance is high..
The variety owes its name to the pungent odor emitted by the roots of the bush..
Clematis of Manchu
The variety is distinguished by good frost resistance, a compact bush in the first half of summer will surprise with an abundance of small (about 1.5 cm) white inflorescences in the form of 4-petal stars with a delicate, barely perceptible aroma.
Some gardeners often confuse Manchurian clematis with stinging clematis and even believe that it is one and the same plant. They really have a very similar flowering, both are frost-resistant and even belong to the vines of one, third, pruning group, but these are two separate varieties, which can be distinguished by the following characteristics:
- The height of the bush. Burning clematis can grow up to 5 m in height, while Manchu clematis can grow no more than 2 m.
- Flowering period. The first variety is late (blooms in July-August), and the second is early (June-July).
Clematis Princess Diana
Photo and description of clematis Princess Diana will not be able to fully convey its amazing and delicate charm of flowering: small, up to a maximum of 7 cm in diameter, inflorescences are bell-shaped or tulip-shaped with 4 petals. They are bright pink, only at the very edge you can see a light border. Flowering, although later (in the second half of summer), is abundant, and continues until autumn, while the bells do not hang down, but, as it were, “stick out”. The bush itself grows up to a maximum of 3 m in height.
Clematis Princess Kate
Another “royal person” with abundant flowering and rather large size. It differs from Princess Diana in a larger (up to 4 m) bush and a light color of inflorescences. In addition, the flowers are slightly smaller, a maximum of 6 cm in diameter, also in the form of a bell, at first half-open, then the petals are straightened. The color of the buds is very interesting:
- inside the flower is white with a slight pinkish tint and a dark pink center;
- outside the petals are pink-lilac.
Blooms from June to autumn, winters well.
The variety is also found under the name Princess Ket and is one of the rare Texas hybrids..
A low, up to 2 m, bush grows well on a support and without it, covering the soil around it with its lashes for the same distance. The large flowers will not surprise you (maximum diameter 10 cm), but they will please you with abundance: in the summer, in the midst of flowering, sometimes the leaves are not visible on the liana under a floral carpet of purple buds with long white stamens. Each has 4 to 5 simple petals of a uniform color, but with pronounced longitudinal grooves. As they fade, they turn pale and gradually turn blue. The variety blooms late, in June, but it stands in buds until October.
The variety is relatively new, obtained in 2004 by English breeders and belongs to the Vititsella group. It differs in small (5 cm in diameter), but very original inflorescences:
- the middle of the bud is terry, made of small pink petals;
- on the edge of the terry “pillow” there are large, red and curving petals.
The height of the shrub reaches 3 m, grows quickly, flowering lasts from mid-summer to mid-autumn.
A characteristic feature of the Vanguard is its high winter hardiness..
Compact variety: on average, the liana rises to a height of 1.5, sometimes up to 2 m, so it can be grown in pots. It blooms late, in June, but it will delight you with its rich color. The inflorescences are not very large, up to 10 cm in diameter, but bright, purple, with a red stripe along the petals. There are about 6 of them in a flower, the edges are bizarrely curved, which gives a special charm. Purple-topped stamens and pinkish anthers.
Let’s hope that this small selection of clematis varieties with a photo will come in handy when buying plants for the garden. And if you find here plants that are already growing on the site, now you will know how to prune them correctly..