Planting and caring for sparaxis outdoors
A unique flower with bright colors and elongated leaves of the iris family is called sparaxis. He fills the site with a riot of colors and adds a special touch to the landscape design. Planting and caring for sparaxis in the open field requires a special approach and certain knowledge, since its homeland is South African countries and the plant is supposed to create conditions close to natural.
Sparaxis is considered a deciduous species. The plant has a tuberculous root system, long fleshy leaves, reaching a height of 90-100 cm with a spikelet at the top. The foliage is dark green in color, with a sinewy structure. The flowering period is from May to June. Sparaxis flowers are distinguished by a bright color with a contrasting core and a pistil in the middle, the flower diameter is about 5 cm. At the end of August or in the first decade of September, the plant dries up and sheds its foliage, leaving only underground tubers. Gardeners have 20 varieties. In temperate climates, in order to plant and care in the open field of sparaxis, varieties are selected that are most adapted to the given weather conditions..
The flower is quite whimsical and demanding, it is preferable to grow it in the southern regions. For example, if you plant sparaxis in the open field in the suburbs, then it is quite difficult to achieve lush flowering. The flower prefers sunny open areas, reliably protected from the wind. When planting, a light substrate is selected, providing good drainage, for which small gravel or expanded clay is used. For better growth, it is recommended to add a little sand and organic fertilizers to the selected soil. The bulbs are placed in a planting hole 8-10 cm, keeping a distance of 10-15 cm.
To grow a beautiful flower, you need to know when to plant sparaxis outdoors. In moderate weather conditions, disembarkation is made in late March, early April. In the southern regions, seedlings can be planted in the autumn. Sparaxis care in the fall involves digging up the tubers after they have fully bloomed in order to transplant in the spring. For this tubers:
- Cleanse from the earth.
- Dry well.
- Placed in a box and sprinkled with straw.
After that, the container is placed in a room with a temperature regime of 8-9 degrees Celsius..
Before planting in the soil in early spring, the flower bulbs must be placed in a place with a temperature of plus 25-27 degrees. This will enable the plant to quickly root and germinate..
In the south, it is not worth digging up tubers. To do this, the cut flower must be well covered with sawdust or fallen leaves. In the spring, the flooring is removed and a small part of the humus is introduced into the ground. How sparaxis is planted and caring for in the open field in spring is described below..
Planting and caring for sparaxis in the Urals
Since the plant is southern, in this region, when growing it, it is necessary to adhere to certain conditions:
- Wait for stable warm weather.
- Plant tubers only in well-heated soil.
- Find good lighting.
- For the winter, it is imperative to dig up the bulbs.
- Water regularly.
The same instructions are supposed to be adhered to when planting and caring for sparaxis in Siberia. Many experts advise planting flowers in greenhouses in colder climates for good growth and abundant flowering. This will allow the plant to feel comfortable and constantly delight with bright colors..
The plant is moisture-loving, so it needs regular watering..
When planting and caring for sparaxis in the open field, it should be watered often, while at no time should moisture stagnate, this can lead to the death of the roots.
In extreme heat, spraying can also be carried out, but this should only be done in the early morning or in the evening, so as not to provoke a burn. During the rest period, watering is reduced.
For the formation of new shoots, it is necessary to regularly remove dry inflorescences and foliage. In addition, the flower requires monthly feeding. It is carried out with the help of mineral fertilizers, diluting 20 g of the mixture in a bucket of water. It is advisable to occasionally loosen the soil where the plant grows and weed the weeds.
Sparaxis as a decoration of landscapes
Excellent decorative properties of the flower allow it to be used in the design of gardens, parks, suburban areas. With his help, they create original compositions, combining with other plantings.. Sparaxis gets along well with lawns, dwarf trees and shrubs, grasses that cover the soil. Also, some species are placed in pots and flowerpots, used in the design of balconies, loggias, decorate rock gardens, etc..