We grow monarda in our garden without problems
Lipocytes are represented quite widely, among them the monard stands out, planting and caring for which in the open field will not cause much trouble. The plant is very picky, looks great both in single plantings and in compositions with other species.
A bit of history
The first description of the plant was made by the Spanish physician Nicholas Monardes, after whom the fragrant herb was named. The plant begins its history from North America, it is there that the monarda can be found from Canada to Mexico. In this territory, she has long been called a soul mate..
In Europe, the plant was grown more as an essential oil, but since the 19th century, the monarda has become very popular. It is better known as bergamot, lemon mint and American lemon balm..
Monarda can be both annual and perennial. All its species are quite tall, erect stems can reach 1-1.2 m.The bush has the following characteristics:
- The leaves are oblong, with teeth along the edge, have a green color, differ in a strongly pronounced specific smell, according to which it is difficult to confuse the monarda.
- Flowers are small, two-lipped, can be white, purple, lilac, yellowish. Inflorescences are dense, collected in tassels or heads up to 8 cm in diameter.
- The seed is hidden in the nut, it will be able to germinate in three years.
Transplant the monarda regularly, in one place a fragrant bush is grown for no more than 7 years, then it is imperative to change the location.
Planting in open ground and subsequent care for the monard can be done both in spring and before winter, and propagated in three ways:
- Sowing seeds. This method does not guarantee the preservation of all characteristics; the color of flowers can be very diverse. More monarda is grown through seedlings for experimental purposes. Crops sprout slowly, growth acceleration occurs only after the appearance of the third pair of leaves.
- By dividing an adult bush, you can achieve flowering shrub the next year after planting. An adult healthy plant perfectly tolerates the division process and takes root in correctly selected soils almost immediately.
- Cuttings are not very common among gardeners, possibly due to the need for a little tinkering. But the seedlings take root well and develop quite quickly..
Everyone chooses the most suitable for himself, but further care will always be the same.
Drop off time
Planting and caring for the monard in the open field will not give much trouble. When is the best time to plant? It all depends on the method.
If you decide to propagate the plant by cuttings, then the planting will have to be carried out in the autumn. Reproduction by dividing an adult bush is carried out both in the spring and before winter. Seedlings are planted mainly in early summer..
The preparatory process is carried out for all types of reproduction, it consists of the following stages:
- Digging a place before disembarking.
- Introduction of mineral and organic fertilizers there.
- Abundant watering.
If you plan to plant in the spring, such manipulations should be carried out in the fall. This will remove weeds from the site and loosen the ground a little..
Monarda is planted in open ground in the spring through dividing the bush. To do this, dig it up, wash the rhizomes and carefully cut into several pieces of approximately the same size. Sections are treated with ash and charcoal, placed in previously prepared pits and sprinkled with earth. After that, the bushes must be thoroughly watered..
Monarda prefers neutral or alkaline soils; an acidic plant will grow and develop poorly.
Planting and leaving in the open ground for the winter monarda is carried out without much difficulty. During this period, reproduction is carried out by rooted cuttings or by dividing an adult bush..
The plant is planted in pre-prepared soil at the beginning of autumn, when frost is still far away.
Monarda is planted at a distance of at least 60 cm from each other, the plant grows very quickly and takes up all the free space.
In order for the monard to grow well and develop, it is necessary to provide it with proper care, which consists of:
- in regular watering of the plant, especially in the hot season of summer, otherwise there is a threat of powdery mildew on the leaves and shoots;
- loosening the soil near bushes, removing weeds;
- the introduction of mineral and organic fertilizers;
- prevention of diseases every spring with the help of foundation or copper sulfate.
In very hot summer, the land around the monarda bush must be mulched with peat or leaf humus.
Sawdust for mulching cannot be used, they can lead to the death of the plant.
Pests and diseases
The fragrant bush is resistant to various diseases, an exception may be powdery mildew, but it can occur only with a lack of moisture in a particularly dry season.
Nobody is afraid of monarda pests, the smell of its flowers and leaves scares away any insects. Having planted such a bush near a bench in the garden, you can sit there on long summer evenings and not be afraid of mosquitoes.
Planting and leaving a perennial monarda in the open field is simple, as evidenced by numerous photos of the plant..