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How to transplant and propagate homemade asparagus

Homemade asparagus Among indoor plants, asparagus stand out for their unpretentious disposition, longevity and very rapid growth of the root system. If you look inside the pot in which homemade asparagus grows, you can find a tightly intertwined ball of a mass of oblong succulent tubers and thin connecting roots.

Thanks to this structure of the root system, the plant is able to store nutrients and moisture for future use, waiting out periods of drought, as well as with good care, it can grow and multiply quickly..

Asparagus transplant

Need to transfer the plant to a larger pot Home-grown asparagus, getting into the nutrient soil, begins to actively master the volume of the pot.

Until the roots and tubers of the plant fill the entire container, you should not wait for the growth of greenery.

This behavior is common to all varieties of domestic asparagus, whether it is a young seedling recently obtained from a seed, or an adult perennial specimen. Therefore, when choosing a pot for asparagus, you should not stop looking at a large container in the hope that it will be enough for the plant for many years. It is more correct that the diameter of the new pot is only a couple of centimeters wider than the previous one. At the same time, young asparagus, up to 4–5 years old, are usually transplanted annually, and older specimens can be transplanted no more often than after 2–4 years..

The frequency of transplants directly depends on the state of the pet and the amount of soil remaining in the pot, which the growing asparagus roots mercilessly push out of the volume of the pot allotted to them.

Despite the endurance, not all asparagus painlessly transfer the transfer to new dishes, therefore, having noticed that the plant does not suffer from a cramped pot, it is better to refuse the transplant, and, if possible, add fresh substrate and feed the homemade asparagus.

But there are situations when you cannot do without an asparagus transplant. This procedure is necessary if the plant has just been purchased and is in a transport container with a small amount of peat filler..

In this case, it is necessary not only to transfer the plant to nutritious loose soil, but also to pre-rinse the crown with warm water. Such a shower will help wash off the wax-like substance from the phylloclades, which is used to treat asparagus before being sent to the retail network. The tool protects the crown from moisture evaporation and loss of decorative effect, but if it is not removed, it will lead to rapid shedding of homemade asparagus.

Once purchased, the asparagus is transplanted into another nutrient mixture.If a plant is transplanted with roots sticking out of the drainage holes, it can easily damage the root system, which will lengthen the acclimatization period and complicate rooting. Watering the asparagus out of the pot will help. To do this, the earthen lump is thoroughly moistened, making sure that the water soaks it entirely. This can be done in several steps, constantly draining the water that has got into the sump.

Wet roots are more elastic than dry roots, so they are not only easier to get out of the pot, but also easier to untangle. This is especially important if the asparagus transplant is combined with dividing the plant into several independent seedlings:

  • Before transplanting, remove all old stems from asparagus that begin to turn yellow or dry..
  • A small amount of soil is poured onto the drainage layer, on which an asparagus plant is placed, the roots of which can be sprayed with warm water.
  • The gaps remaining on the sides are covered with a substrate, from which the top layer is then made..
  • Then the asparagus is watered and, if necessary, mulched with a small amount of the substrate..

Homemade asparagus soil

The best time to transplant asparagus at home is spring.The best time to transplant asparagus at home is in spring. A plant that begins a new growing season will easily tolerate the procedure and quickly move into growth.

An indoor flower, unpretentious to the composition of the soil, can grow in nutritious, organic-rich, loose soil.

As such a substrate, you can take a mixture:

  • 2 pieces of garden land;
  • 1 part humus;
  • 1 part sand, which can be replaced with perlite or verticulite.

If the soil is mixed independently, it is important to disinfect and sterilize all components of natural origin in order to prevent pests and pathogens from entering the pot with asparagus.

When the necessary components are not available, they can be replaced by a universal soil for indoor plants with a small addition of perlite. When transplanting asparagus, one must not forget that the plant needs drainage, which is made from fine expanded clay or gravel..

A favorite adult plant can be propagated by dividing the bushSooner or later, a growing pet will make the owner think not only about how to transplant, but also propagate homemade asparagus. Most often, for this purpose, an adult bush is divided during transplantation, but if desired, you can get young plants using cuttings or seeds.

Reproduction of asparagus by dividing the bush

Correct division of asparagusA method such as propagation with tubers or asparagus roots has many advantages. First of all, by dividing the common root system, you can quickly get several independent plants with their own roots at once..

After transplanting, the asparagus is watered and placed in a shaded place.The acclimatization of such asparagus takes much less than the time required for the rooting of asparagus propagated by cuttings, or waiting for the seedlings to grow.

The soaked earthen lump is removed from the pot, after which the remains of the soil are removed and, if necessary, additionally wetting the asparagus roots, the bush is divided into separate seedlings. Be careful with this procedure, as many types of asparagus are prickly and can damage the skin on the palms..

The main thing is that all parts intended for reproduction of asparagus have healthy roots, as well as at least one growth point.

When this work is done, the plants are planted in pots prepared in advance for asparagus with an equipped drainage layer and a nutritious soil mixture. After transplanting, the asparagus is watered and placed in a shaded place where the pet will not be damaged by drafts and direct rays of the sun..

Acclimatization takes about a month, during which the plant is moderately watered, but not fed, so as not to burn the damaged roots.

Reproduction of homemade asparagus by cuttings

Propagation of asparagus by cuttingsYou can get cuttings suitable for propagation from the asparagus plant from the end of February to June. The timing is determined by the fact that in spring the active vegetation of the flower begins, and for the rooting of the shoot, at least one and a half months is needed. It is convenient to cut off shoots during the spring transplant, while it is better to pay attention not to young phylloclades, but to last year’s ones. For rooting, cuttings with a length of at least 10 – 15 cm are suitable, without signs of disease or wilting.

Cut shoots are dropped into a mixture of wet sand, perlite and peat. The volume of the pot for asparagus should not be large, for the first time, containers of no more than 100 ml are quite suitable. So that moisture evaporates less from the surface of the substrate, containers with cuttings intended for propagation are covered with bags or plastic cups.

It is better if, for rooting, the cuttings are placed on a lighted windowsill, where there is no direct sunlight and drafts. The temperature for this time should be between 20-22 ° C. The soil is regularly moistened with a spray bottle, and the plantings are aired daily, trying to avoid condensation..

Asparagus roots appear within a month, which is clearly noticeable if the cuttings are planted in transparent cups. After that, a viable plant can be transferred to a permanent place of residence..

Reproduction of homemade asparagus by seeds

Asparagus seedsFor sowing, not only seeds bought in a store are suitable, but also obtained independently, as a result of artificial pollination of white small flowers of asparagus.

In the first case, it is extremely important to pay attention to the shelf life of seeds that are rapidly losing germination. But fresh seed directly from the bush rarely fails and sprouts quickly, but, unfortunately, does not retain parental properties if propagation of asparagus of hybrid origin is carried out.

Black rather large seeds are planted in the ground in February or March, after soaking them for 24–48 hours in warm water. And then the swollen asparagus seeds are laid out on the surface of a mixture of moistened peat and sand and sprinkled with a small amount of the same substrate.

To keep the crops at constant humidity, the containers are covered with foil or glass and placed in a dark place:

  • The optimum temperature for pecking asparagus seeds is 18-23 ° C.
  • To prevent the formation of mold and soil acidification, seed-propagated asparagus is ventilated daily.
  • Watering is carried out by spraying, which will not erode the soil and damage the root system of the sprouts.

Young plant from seedSeed-propagated asparagus shoots appear in 20–40 days. And as soon as green needles become visible above the surface of the soil, the plant needs to be transferred to light. And if necessary, he is provided with additional illumination so that the sprouts are not overly elongated and weak..

After a month, when small plants obtained from asparagus seeds have reached a height of 10 cm, they can be dived into small pots, and after another 120 days – into pots for adult plants..

Asparagus from seeds – video

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