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We follow the rules of planting and caring for tulips in the open field

autumn planting of tulips The blooming of tulips heralds the triumph of spring. If the site is decorated with tulips year after year, planting and caring in the open field is the key to this success. Perennial bulbous plants native to Asia have long been the subject of admiration both in their homeland and in the Old World, where they got in the middle of the 16th century..

Thanks to the universal love for these flowers, a hundred years later, Holland began to be called the country of tulips, and today tens of thousands of varieties of these spectacular, but quite affordable plants are distributed around the world..

Watch the video: when to dig tulip bulbs after flowering?

Dates of planting tulips in the ground

we comply with the terms of planting tulips Tulips of cultivars bloom in spring or in the first half of summer. Therefore, the optimal planting time is autumn. In 3-4 weeks, the bulbs acclimate and form the root system, but do not form the aerial part. This allows the tulips to winter well, and with the arrival of warmth, give strong foliage and open large corollas..

When determining the date of planting tulips, it is important not to be mistaken! If the bulbs enter the soil too early, they can produce foliage. And the coming winter will catch the plants by surprise. The aboveground part will freeze, the underground part will weaken and will not be able to guarantee spring bloom. Late planting threatens that tulips will not have time to take root, severe frosts will kill them or spoil them.

How to choose the optimal time? When to plant tulips in the ground in different regions?

Experienced flower growers advise to pay attention not to the calendar, but to the weather outside the window. The best start for plants is planting in soil cooled to 10-12 ° C.

In the middle lane, such conditions develop by mid-September. To the south, tulips are planted later, to the north, the dates are shifted to the end of August.

If, for some reason, tulips did not hit the flower beds in the fall, you can plant them in the spring. Unfortunately, in this case, the plants have less time to prepare for flowering and accumulate nutrients for the next year. To get the desired result and to simplify the care of tulips in the open field, it is better to germinate the bulbs in peat pots filled with a loose nutritious substrate before planting. Before planting, the bulbs are cooled for a day in the vegetable compartment of the refrigerator..

spring planting of tulipsTulips are transferred to flower beds when it gets warmer and the soil warms up to +15 ° C. This method can be used in all regions, including areas where tulips outdoors do not survive the winter..

Planting tulips for outdoor cultivation

the bulbs need to be planted urgentlyFor bright flowering, garden tulips require:

  • sun or transparent partial shade;
  • nutritious, necessarily loose soil with a neutral or slightly alkaline reaction;
  • wind protection;
  • moderate watering.

A site suitable for growing tulips is dug up on a full bayonet, loosened, breaking clods, weeds are selected and nitrogen and potassium fertilizers are applied, for example, humus and wood ash. Dense, heavy soil is mixed with sand, peat.

Under tulips, as well as under other bulbous crops, you should not add fresh organic matter, which is often a source of bacterial rot and fungal diseases..

The depth of the open field furrows depends on the size of the bulbs. Therefore, they are pre-sorted, along the way separating sick and damaged specimens. And healthy ones are immersed in a dense pink solution of potassium permanganate for half an hour and thoroughly dried.

we observe the depth of planting tulipsUnder adult large bulbs, furrows are made with a depth of 20 to 30 cm, pouring a 10-centimeter drainage cushion of coarse sand on the bottom. Children are planted, slightly pressing, into holes with the same drainage, but half as small, that is, to a depth of 7-10 cm. When the soil is leveled, the site is mulched.

Caring for tulips after planting in open ground

tulips are bloomingTulips will react only to constant and competent care with massive disclosure of bright flowers. Bulbous crops, as a rule, are unpretentious, but still require attention from the appearance of the first leaves until late autumn. Caring for tulips after planting includes:

  • watering, especially plentiful during a set of buds, mass flowering and within 2 weeks after its completion;
  • removal of weeds around plantings;
  • careful not to damage the root system and bulbs, loosening;
  • triple feeding of flowers.

After watering, the soil under the plants should be moist at a depth of 30–40 cm, that is, at least 10–40 liters of water should be consumed per square meter, depending on the type of soil..

Fertilizers in liquid or granular form are part of post-planting tulip care. They are brought in three times:

  1. In the phase of the appearance of the first shoots, using a mixture of 2 parts of nitrogen, 2 parts of phosphorus salts, 1 part of potassium compounds;
  2. By the time the green buds appear, feeding the plants with nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in a ratio of 1: 2: 2;
  3. After flowering, using potassium-phosphorus formulations, completely abandoning nitrogen.

When talking about caring for tulips, we must not forget about a simple but useful procedure. When the flowers wither, they are cut out along with the peduncles. This will allow the bulbs not to waste energy, which is precious for the growth of the bulbs..

If boxes with seeds are formed and ripen on the stems, there is no need to wait for large bulbs, and the children will not be able to gain significant mass.

Before growing tulips, you need to know that a culture can be in one place for no more than 4 years. Then the risk of accumulation of dangerous bacteria, fungi and soil pests increases, the bulbs naturally age and require replanting. The bulbs remaining in the soil gradually go deeper, so the next year it is more difficult for the sprouts to break through to the surface. As a result, the flowers become smaller, the peduncles become weaker and shorter..

Tulips are dug up when the leaves completely wither and fall off. It is useful to shed the freed area with a solution of phytosporin, potassium permanganate or any available fungicide. Plants that remain in the soil for the winter, in order to avoid freezing, are densely mulched with peat, sawdust or covered with spruce branches.

Video about the correct planting of tulips

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