Luxurious “chamomile” at the summer cottage – magnificent gazania
When spring comes to the ground, many different flowers appear on the slopes and meadows. The first to greet us are snowdrops, violets and tulips, then chamomiles and cornflowers, and at the dacha there is a luxurious gazania. This bright flower resembles a miniature sun that greets its fans before the onset of cold weather..
See also: Gaillardia long-term planting and care
A side view of a resistant plant
Despite the fact that the birthplace of gazania is Australia and South Africa, it has perfectly taken root in the vastness of Russia and neighboring countries. Thanks to its strong root system, the flower grows at any latitude of our vast homeland. It can be found not only in the front gardens of country houses, but also on balconies, loggias and in flower pots. Luxurious “chamomile” decorates not only greenhouses, but also winter gardens.
Gazania migrated to Europe in the 17th century and quickly fell in love with flower lovers. The plant got its name in memory of the famous translator Theodore von Gaza, who published the works of Aristotle in Italian. Since the flower is grown in different places of the planet, they call it all in their own way. For example, in some countries of western Europe, the plant is known as the “flower of the midday sun”. In those places, he dissolves his petals only under the influence of the midday sun. If the day turned out to be cloudy, gazania may not open at all. Often the flower is called – “African chamomile” for its resemblance to the beauty of the field. True, it has larger sizes and many shades. Anyway, the plant is worthy of our attention.
The magnificent gazania belongs to the “Astrovye” family, as indicated by its biological and external features. It is a herbaceous plant that sometimes grows as miniature flowering shrubs.. The flower grows up to 30 cm in height, which allows it to be used for various floral landscapes.
Some varieties of gazania grow practically without shoots or they have it too short. This fact should be taken into account when planning a flower bed..
In nature, perennial gazania and annual grows, since it is very sensitive to changes in the weather. For example, in the cold season, she is planted in a pot to admire the whole winter on the window. In the spring, the flower is planted again in the flowerbed.
Original dark or light green leaves of the plant form a stylish root base. On the back, they are covered with delicate cilia that protect the flower from the cold in bad weather. And during a drought, they retain moisture, thus providing a comfortable existence for a luxurious “chamomile”. The shape of the leaf plate depends on the variety and the specific variety of perennial gazania.
The main pearl of a plant is its flower. Although outwardly it resembles a simple steppe chamomile, its delicate petals are much larger. And the variety of colors is simply amazing. If you take a closer look at the bud, you will notice that its central part consists of petals that resemble miniature tubes. They are all golden in color. Reed petals of the following shades are located around this solar circle:
- pale orange;
- bright yellow;
- deep red.
In addition, in the very heart of each delicate petal there is an original brown speck. When gazania flowers bloom magnificently, there are up to 35 buds on dense shoots. You can imagine what your favorite garden area looks like at this time. After some time, instead of inflorescences, original fruits appear on the shoots. Miniature hairy achenes carefully guard their “bank” of planting material. The plant is grown in two ways: outdoors and indoors.
Simple rules for growing a plant
To breed the gazania flower shown in the photo on your site, you only need to follow a few simple rules. Even outstanding flower lovers can breed this plant using one of the methods: by sowing seeds or by cuttings.
Growing gazania using cuttings is used only for hybrid plant species. In view of this, you should not sow seeds of hybrids in the ground, expecting high-quality seedlings..
If you plan to reproduce a flower through sowing seeds, it is advisable to take care of the planting material in advance. To do this, after waiting for the full maturation of the seed pods on the shoots, you can carefully cut them off and take them to a dry place. When the seeds are well dried, they can be sown for 2 years. During this period, the planting material retains maximum germination. Before planting gazania, it is advisable to lightly pour the prepared soil with water.
Some gardeners carefully place gazania seeds in boxes to grow seedlings. The process begins at the end of winter. Spacious and deep enough boxes are filled with soil rich in trace elements, which includes:
- natural peat;
- cleaned sand;
- humus or sod land.
Planting material is laid out on its surface like on a chessboard. The distance between the sprouts is 2.5 cm. From above they are covered with sand (a thin ball) and poured from a spray bottle. After that, the containers are covered with cellophane or glass and taken to a warm, bright room. After one or two weeks, the first shoots appear.
In order for the flowers to germinate successfully, it is necessary to let air in to future seedlings every day. To do this, for a short time, remove the coating, wiping dry the condensate.
When several leaves (2 or 3) grow on the surface of the soil, it is advisable to plant the seedlings in separate pots or cells. Next, it is important to prepare them for planting in the front garden on the street, applying simple rules for hardening the plant. A daily supply of fresh air, using an open window, window or door, will prepare the plant for new living conditions.
Successful cultivation of a gazania flower can be achieved using cuttings. To do this, it is necessary in the summer, when the plant is full of strength, to choose healthy side stems. Cut them, preferably with a sharp knife, while controlling the presence of a heel on the handle. Otherwise, gazania will not take root.
Next, the cut stems are freed from the lower foliage and placed in a bowl of water. When roots appear, the cuttings are planted in separate cells with fertile soil. There they are rooted for 2 months. In addition, cuttings must be watered abundantly and fresh air must be provided. Then, a competent planting and leaving of gazania in open ground is carried out..
To begin with, we prepare the soil by carefully plowing the area. On a leveled surface, they dig volumetric pits so that the gazania rhizome with a small lump of earth can freely fit there. At the bottom of the hole, it is advisable to put a thin layer of drainage from gravel or crushed brick. After planting seedlings at a distance of 20 cm from each other, it is advisable to arrange for them an artificial shelter to protect them from direct sunlight. The landing shown in the photo, and the care of which was carried out according to all the rules, pleases its fans until the first frost.
Bright varieties of charming “chamomile”
The lush variety of this plant attracts caring flora lovers. Today there are up to 40 types of charming “chamomile”. Moreover, each of them has its own external differences and growing methods. A brief description of the gazania flower and photos of its varieties give a complete picture of the magnificent plant.
In areas with colder climates, it is better to grow annual gazania. Perennial options can be planted in pots as a houseplant and admired the flowers all year round..
This type of plant is grown only as an annual option. During the season, it grows up to 35 cm. Erect shoots are located in the central root zone of the rosette. The dark green foliage of hybrid gazania is linear or finger-dissected. On the back, it is painted silver. Some plant varieties have light green leaves..
On a high peduncle there are single buds in the form of round baskets of yellow, red, orange, pink and burgundy. When the flowering season is over, there are practically no seeds in the seed pods. Therefore, hybrid varieties propagate only with cuttings..
Gazania Big Kiss
An unusual plant, native to the African continent, has original glossy leaves. On the back, they are covered with a silvery sheen. Gazania Big Kiss grows to a height of 30 cm. Its large buds amaze with their unsurpassed charm, towering above the glossy leaves. The view is used when decorating borders in the backyard area, as a houseplant and in winter gardens on insulated balconies.
This type of flower is classified in nature as a perennial plant. But because of the changeable cold climate, gazania is used as an annual. It is distinguished by a short shoot located at the very surface of the soil. Despite this, oblong leaves with a slight silver tint grow on it..
Single buds are located on slender peduncles and are bright orange in color. Each petal at the base is colored bright brown, which looks especially beautiful. Gazania peacock can decorate any summer cottage garden.
Having considered only some representatives from the kingdom of gazanias, we can agree that the flower really evokes favor. Each variety has its own charms, so when planning a landscape design, you should familiarize yourself with all types of luxurious “chamomile”.