Easy planting and caring for perennial echinacea
If the planting and caring for perennial echinacea is correct, then the plant will certainly delight you with its neat appearance and colorful buds. Cultivation of this type of plant from seed is only suitable for varietal plants. With this method of propagation, hybrids lose their varietal characteristics and features..
Sowing in open ground
You can sow seeds twice a year: at the very beginning of spring or at the end of autumn. To do this, it is necessary to process the bed in advance: dig it up, make grooves about 1-2 cm deep. The optimum width between rows should be between 25 and 30 cm. Seeds should be sown sparsely. After completing the procedure, cover them with a small amount of earth and be sure to water.
When the first sprouts appear, the plants are thinned out so that there is a distance of 7-8 cm between them, the second time they leave gaps of 10-15 cm.There should be a space of 40-50 cm between adult specimens.If the echinacea varieties are small, then enough 20 to 30 cm.All specimens that remain after such thinning are simply transplanted to another, free place.
The first season after sowing, Echinacea builds up and strengthens the roots, so it will bloom next summer.
Sowing seedlings at home
Ready-made seedlings grown at home can be planted on flower beds. In order to get high-quality specimens, you need to properly prepare the planting material. Since the flower seeds are covered with a dense skin, they should be soaked in water at room temperature or in a growth stimulator before sowing, which is more effective. But even with this preparation, the first shoots will appear above the ground no earlier than a month later. Seeds are sown to get good seedlings at the very end of winter. The capacity can be any: box, wooden container, individual containers.
- Take the soil mixture not dense, but with good air circulation, with drainage.
- Bury the seeds in the soil quite a bit – by 5-10 mm.
- Leave 5-7 cm intervals between the grains.
- After planting, cover the seeds with foil. The container should be kept in a well-lit place at a temperature of at least 13-15 degrees.
- When sprouts appear, clean the greenhouse. Water as needed to keep the soil moderately moist.
- Starting in May, the seedlings must be hardened. To do this, take out the containers to fresh air, first for 2-3 hours, then increase the duration of the procedure every day by an hour..
Towards the end of May, when there will definitely be no frost, and the seedlings will get stronger, plant them in flower beds.
Planting and caring for perennial echinacea
For flower cultivation, it is preferable to choose the most illuminated areas, where there is a lot of sun. The land should be rich in nutrients. As for the acidity, the indicator should be closer to neutral. If the soil has overestimated figures, then before using it, you need to add a small amount of lime.
Soil with a lot of sand is not suitable for echinacea.
- For planting seedlings, prepare holes about 5 cm deep. If these are delenki, then the size of the pits should be slightly larger than the rhizome..
- Gaps of 30 cm should be left between individual copies.
- A little humus is poured into each hole.
For purchased echinacea, the depth of the dimple should be at least 0.4 m. The third part of the depression must be covered with a mixture of earth with river sand and humus. All components should be taken in equal volumes..
Carefully remove the seedling from the flowerpot, without destroying the earthen lump, and transfer it into the hole. It is recommended to deepen the plant at the same level as in the pot..
Echinacea propagation by dividing the bush and cuttings
Dividing the bush is an easy way to propagate echinacea. This is the best option with a guaranteed result. Choose an echinacea specimen that is 3 or 4 years old. The second half of spring is suitable for seating. The bush is dug up, the rhizome is divided.
Each part is treated with a growth stimulant, then the plant will take root better.
It is much more difficult to propagate a flower by cuttings. But, if you decide to try your hand, then this should be done at the very beginning of summer. Choose strong, undamaged stems. Cuttings are cut from them so that two leaves remain. Slices must be immersed in a stimulator for root formation, after which they are placed in a nutritious and moist soil. The planting material is rooted in the heat at + 22 ° C – +250 C. The appearance of the first leaves on the cuttings is a good sign indicating that the roots are forming.
In order for the plants to grow stronger and grow rhizomes, it will take about 2 months. After that, they can be transplanted to a permanent place..
How to care for echinacea in the garden
The flower should be watered often, but in moderation. In hot summer, irrigation is carried out after the sun goes down. If the weather is cloudy, then as the earth dries up. For young plants, watering is carried out at the root. It is also recommended to periodically spray the bushes..
If the soil in the garden is fertile, you can not fertilize the flower additionally. For poor soil, in the spring, they make preparations with a sufficient amount of nitrogen: saltpeter, cow dung, urea. Fertilize again during flowering with complex agents with potassium and phosphorus.
If echinacea is grown as a medicinal raw material, then feeding is not carried out.
Echinacea pruning. All drying flowers are immediately removed. This makes the bush neater and stimulates it to bloom again. Before wintering, cut off all trunks with foliage..
How to collect echinacea seeds. The seed is harvested by choosing dry, almost black heads, similar to hedgehogs. They are cut with a small handle, folded in paper bags and stored in a dark room..
Echinacea preparation for winter. The flower tolerates frost well, but requires some preparation. In addition to pruning, the area around the root is mulched, first with compost, and then with dried foliage. With such a shelter, one-year-old specimens safely endure the winter and will bloom magnificently..
Echinacea diseases and pests
Echinacea often suffers from fusarium, which is caused by a fungus that lives in the ground. It leads to decay of the rhizome and base of the trunks. To fight the infection, the affected specimens are destroyed, and all other plants are sprayed with a solution of foundationol.
Powdery mildew is another fungal infection. It can be recognized by a white bloom – mold on foliage and shoots. Appears due to waterlogging of the soil. Therefore, the bushes are sprayed with Bordeaux liquid, and the earth is allowed to dry out..
The whitefly settles on the inner surface of the leaf blades. Because of these small whitish insects, the flower dries quickly. Spraying with insecticides such as Aktara or Confidor will help get rid of the whitefly..
All varieties of echinacea are a worthy decoration of flower beds. Gardeners are very fond of this plant, which can change any landscape design. Moreover, non-capricious echinacea blooms not only all summer, but also until October.