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Use of Siberian iris in landscape design

special Siberian iris Irises are a real decoration of any flower bed and flower garden. Siberian iris is distinguished by its unpretentiousness and resistance to cold weather, a fast growth rate and abundant flowering. Dense plantings of dwarf irises look beautiful along the curbs. Tall varieties grow well along fences and hedges. Several hundred varieties of Siberian irises are known, differing in the height and shape of the flower, the timing of flowering and the structure of the leaves..

Siberian iris – description and features

yellow iris siberian The advantages of Siberian iris are obvious – they are hardiness to harsh environmental conditions, disease resistance, easy maintenance, color variety and the ability to grow quickly..

All irises in nature are divided into two groups.:

  1. Irises with a beard on the lower petals, that is, bearded.
  2. Irises that have no beard, that is, beardless.

Siberian Iris Iris Sibirica has no beard, it has smooth silky petals, a bizarre bud, rather large. Several peduncles are formed on one stem at once – 2 and 3. The natural shade of the plant is blue-blue. Hybrid varieties have a wide variety of colors – white, pink, yellow, red, burgundy, lilac. On the petals of Siberian iris, two shades can be combined at once.

Thanks to the successful work of breeders, about 800 cultivars have been bred. Beautiful viable flowers adorn the best gardens in Europe, the Caucasus and Turkey.

Siberian iris:

  1. The classic flower consists of six petals, three narrow, directed upwards, and three lower ones, wider and curved towards the bottom..
  2. There is an eyelet near the base of the petals – a contrasting color spot, a border can pass along the petals.
  3. Hybrid varieties can have only wide or only narrow petals, their stems can branch.
  4. The difference in varieties is manifested not only in the color of the peduncles, but also in their texture. There are Siberian irises with double and smooth petals, with a corrugated and even edge.

curtain of Siberian irisThe main feature of Siberian iris is the strength of the stem. Even reaching 100 and 120 cm in height, the plant does not need additional support. There are medium-sized, undersized and dwarf varieties with different numbers of peduncles. Most of the varieties bloom in June, there are varieties with a late flowering period in the months of July and August. Also, remontant varieties are distinguished, which manage to bloom twice during the warm season – in spring and autumn..

Siberian iris – varietal variety

Siberian irises photos of varieties and their description:

  1. Harpswell Haze. It has a large peduncle of a delicate lilac-blue shade with pronounced dark veins. For a long time it can grow without transplanting, a viable and unpretentious flower.Harpswell Haze cultivar
  2. White Swirl. White Siberian iris with a delicate golden tint, distinguished by a large peduncle – up to 15 cm and a long flowering period. A perennial bush can spread over a plot, a meter in length and width.White Swirl variety
  3. Leader of Altai. Domestic variety, endowed with several names – iris, cockerel, bell. Each stem holds from 3 to 6 peduncles, while simultaneously blooming 2 flowers of a rich blue hue.grade Leader of Altai
  4. Hubbard. This iris reaches an average height – from 60 to 80 cm, has a large peduncle of an unusual purple-violet hue. A distinctive feature is a yellow or white brushstroke at the base of the lower petals.Hubbard variety
  5. Hohenflug. One of the tallest irises among Siberian ones, it can reach a height of 160 cm.It has large peduncles with wide petals of dark blue color.Hohenflug cultivar

Siberian iris – planting and care rules

planting Siberian irisPlanting and caring for Siberian iris is not very difficult, the plants bloom generously and beautifully in open areas. The duration of flowering depends on the variety, it can take from 2 weeks to a month. Moderate humidity is the key to rapid spread and lush bushiness. For a crop, a neutral soil environment is preferable.

Iris siberian planting:

  • spring – March and May;
  • autumn – August and September.

flowerbed with Siberian irisesThe rules for the autumn planting of irises – a month before the onset of stable cold weather, so that the plants can root efficiently in the open field. Transplanting and planting Siberian irises in the spring should be carried out after frost and in well-warmed soil.

Irises love nutritious and loose soil, they need systematic feeding – after transplanting, at the time of bud formation and after flowering.

Rhizomes and bulbs are usually not buried; the central bud always remains on the surface. Plants need careful loosening so as not to hurt delicate roots, watering when the soil dries out, removing dead parts and weeds. With age, the flowering of the bush weakens, so it is necessary to plant the culture in new places..

Siberian iris in landscape design

amazing Siberian irisesA variety of varieties of Siberian iris, with a wide variety of flower shades, stem heights and the vastness of the bush, allows it to be widely used to decorate any landscape:

  1. In the foreground. In the first tier, it is better to plant varieties of irises with an open flower with cupped petals of the brightest and most juicy shades – red, blue, yellow, orange, white.
  2. Behind. Tall and powerful irises make perfect backdrops for other plants and flowers.
  3. In the center of the flower bed. Spectacular and brightly growing irises look in the middle of an island flower bed or a round flower garden.
  4. By the reservoir. Iris, planted along the shore of a pond or lake, looks harmoniously.Siberian iris by the reservoir
  5. On the lawn. Group flowers look appropriate among the green lawn, their decorativeness does not decrease at all before and after flowering.
  6. For rockeries. Low varieties are in demand for decorating rockeries and alpine slides. They are planted in separate specimens and in small groups..Siberian iris in rockery
  7. Difficult terrain. Rhizome irises are planted on slopes for beauty and prevention of sprinkling.
  8. Along the tracks. The dense green of irises is ideal for garden paths, along fences and hedges.Siberian iris along the garden path

Experienced flower growers recommend frequently dividing and replanting irises. These measures do not allow old plants to grow, help to increase their decorative qualities and extend the flowering period. Without transplanting, the bushes can grow in one place for 5 and 10 years in a row.

Irises are Siberian popular and multifunctional flowers. They are beautiful, unpretentious and fragrant. These plants are sung by poets, displayed by artists and adored by gardeners. There is a suitable variety for every garden. Living beauty can be brought into the house – irises stand in the cut for a long time.

Unpretentious Siberian irises – video

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