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What type of nephrolepis are we going to grow at home?

nephrolepis at home If you want to plant an unusual plant, for example, a fern, then nephrolepis for growing at home is the best fit for this case. It not only looks spectacular and beautiful, but also has useful properties..

Description of the plant

The natural habitat of nephrolepis is the tropical forests of Southeast Asia, Africa and America. And for many years now it has been referred to as indoor plants..

This genus of fern has such a useful property as purification of the surrounding air. It absorbs toxic substances (toluene and formaldehyde) and disease-causing bacteria. Therefore, very often nephrolepis can be found in hospitals..

The types of nephrolepis include about 40 different ferns, but only a few are suitable for growing at home..

nephrolepis sublime Nephrolepis sublime. It grows in the tropics of Southeast Asia, both on the ground and on a woody substrate. The once-feathery leaves can reach a length of 70 cm, have a bright light green color and a serrate-crenate edge. This species is the most popular for home cultivation..

nephrolepis bostonNephrolepis boston. The species was bred in the United States. The leaves of this fern can be double-, triple- and four-pinnate.

nephrolepis cordifoliaNephrolepis cordifolia. It is another popular species among indoor plant lovers. It has a characteristic feature on superficial shoots in the form of swollen formations, resembling tubers in appearance. The leaves grow vertically, the segments of the leaf blade are more densely located.

xiphoid nephrolepisNephrolepis xiphoid. This type of nephrolepis for growing at home is native to Central America. Its distinctive feature is the presence of very long leaves that can reach two meters. Because of this, xiphoid nephrolepis is most often suitable for growing in equipped greenhouses.

Care

protection against glareNephrolepis are quite unpretentious plants, however, it is important to comply with certain conditions.

Illumination. Ferns prefer diffused light, so they are ideal habitat for windows facing west or east. Avoid direct sunlight, otherwise burns may appear on the leaves..

Temperature. This is a rather thermophilic genus of tropical ferns, so the optimal temperature for its cultivation ranges from + 20-23 ° С.

In winter, the temperature should not drop below + 13 ° С, and the plant should not be left in a draft.

Watering. It is necessary to water the fern abundantly enough, especially in the hot season. The water should be settled, at room temperature. You can also pour water into the pan of the flower pot..

Air humidity. Like many ferns, nephrolepis prefers a fairly high humidity – about 50-60%.

It is impossible for the plant to be near heating devices.

Transplant and reproduction

fern sprout transplantReproduction of nephrolepis for growing at home can be carried out in two ways:

  1. With the help of shoots. When transplanting a large adult plant, it can be divided. To do this, the top of the young shoot is sprinkled with earth in a nearby pot, as soon as new leaves and roots are formed, the adult plant and the shoot can be planted.
  2. By dividing the rhizome. To do this, you need to find individual shoots that have their own points of growth, separate them from an adult plant and plant them in pots. It is imperative to create high air humidity and maintain a temperature of about + 15-18 ° С.

Like other fern genera, nephrolepis is transplanted in the spring, every two or three years. It is best to choose pots made of plastic, fairly wide and shallow containers. Expanded clay is required for drainage. The soil for ferns should be light: coniferous soil or peat is suitable. You can add very little bone meal to it (about 5-7 g per 1 kg of substrate).

Pest and disease control

The main pests of the fern are scale insects, whitefly, aphids and spider mites. To combat them, it is necessary to treat the plant with insecticidal agents such as “Actellik” or “Aktara”.

Among the diseases in the fern of the genus Nephrolepis, the most common is:

  • dry leaves – more frequent watering of the plant or a higher level of humidity in the room is required;
  • leaves fall, curl or change color – you need to raise the air temperature, remove the plant from drafts and water only with settled, warm water;
  • dry, brown spots (burns) appear on the leaves – the plant must be removed to a more shaded place.

As you can see, the Nephrolepis fern is a fairly undemanding plant, the care of which does not cause much trouble. But, subject to certain conditions, this plant will delight with its unusual appearance for more than one year..

Video – nephrolepis at home

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