The subtleties of planting and care in the open field for annual and perennial alissum
Alyssum does not, like lilies or garden roses, have lush flowers, but the plant does not cease to acquire more and more new fans. A modest alyssum, planting and caring in the open field for which a beginner can do it, captivates with its unpretentiousness, long flowering and honey aroma that spills over the flower beds.
Several annual and perennial alissum species are used as ornamental plants for open ground. All of them are undersized or creeping crops with stems up to 40 cm, small, sometimes pubescent leaves and flowers of different colors collected in corymbose inflorescences. Since alyssum is a representative of the Cabbage family, its corollas up to 5 mm in diameter have a structure in common with related plants, but at the same time are very fragrant..
The smell of flowers intensifies in sunny warm weather, which attracts many pollinating insects that are indispensable in the garden to the clumps of alyssum.
As an annual for open ground, alyssum is used in the design of low borders, in mixborders and in the foreground of traditional flower beds..
At their summer cottage, alissum can be grown in several ways:
- sowing in the spring immediately to a permanent place;
- through seedlings grown at home and transferred in spring to open ground;
- with the help of autumn sowing in the ground to obtain early spring shoots.
What is the best way to plant alyssum in the ground, when to plant flowers in a particular climatic zone?
Planting alyssum in open ground with seeds
Sowing alyssum seeds in spring is carried out when the soil thaws and the air warms up to +15 ° C. In the middle lane, optimal conditions develop by mid-April. In the southern regions, planting is carried out 7-10 days earlier. In the north, due to the return cold weather, the right moment can be postponed until the first ten days of May.
In the spring, planting alyssum in open ground and caring for plants is preceded by site selection and soil preparation. Both annual and perennial species prefer dry, without stagnant water, aerated places with a light substrate:
- The soil is rolled before sowing, removing weeds and breaking clods.
- The area allocated for alissum is watered.
- Seeds are spread over the surface of the substrate and lightly sprinkled with a layer of earth.
To guarantee germination and simplify care after planting in the ground in Siberia, alyssum is covered with a film or non-woven material before sprouts appear. Young plants appear in flower beds in 7-10 days, and after another 6-8 weeks flowering begins. Until this moment, the site is regularly weeded and watered, and the mature seedlings are thinned out, leaving an interval of 15–20 cm between them.
This method of planting alyssum is simple. But if the spring is protracted, the emergence of seedlings and flowers is delayed. In regions where there is such a risk, including the middle lane, planting seedlings is more often used..
Alyssum seedlings: planting and care in the open field
Sowing for seedlings is carried out in March or April in shallow containers filled with a light substrate. The soil is preliminarily slightly moistened, and the seeds distributed over the surface and slightly pressed into the soil are covered with a thin layer of soil or sand.
Alyssum grows better at temperatures above +15 ° C, in a greenhouse or home greenhouse, while the seedlings must be ventilated to prevent condensation.
Seedlings appear in less than 2 weeks. Until this moment, the container is placed in a well-lit place. If the seedlings are planted densely, the seedlings dive. And when several real leaves open on them, they pinch the top so that the alissum in the flowerbed actively bush. Alyssum planting for outdoor care is carried out in May or in the first half of June with an interval of about 20 cm.
Already after 2-3 weeks, such plants bloom and, with proper care, do not lose their decorative effect until the very frost.
Planting alyssum in open ground in the fall
The pre-winter sowing of alyssum allows under natural conditions to carry out the stratification of seeds and in the spring to get strong plants adapted to the conditions of open ground.
Stratification increases germination, which is important when growing perennial plant varieties. Planting alyssum in open ground in the fall is carried out so that the seeds do not have time to swell and hatch. Therefore, it is planned for the end of October or November. Dry seeds are embedded in prepared soil to a depth of about 2 cm.
To protect the seed from rotting, a sand cushion can be made at the bottom of the furrow. On top of the plot is mulched.
Alyssum care after planting in the open field
Alyssum belongs to the most unpretentious plants, content with minimal care. Annual and perennial varieties bloom excellently in open areas, spending many hours in the sun. In this case, caring for alyssum in the open field after planting consists of:
- in irrigation, providing soil moisture to a depth of at least 10-15 cm;
- in weeding and loosening the soil around flowers;
- in 2-3 times feeding plants with mineral mixtures with a minimum nitrogen content, causing the growth of greenery and reducing the intensity of flowering;
- in removing wilted inflorescences.
When flowering is over, the agrotechnology for perennials and summer plants begins to differ..
Annual alissums are removed from the flower bed, the site is cleaned of plant debris and dug up. If this is not done, the seed pods will open, and in the spring the summer resident will face massive self-seeding..
When a perennial plant was planted on the site, care in the open ground for alyssum is:
- in clipping curtains, involving the removal of dried inflorescences and pruning of shoots by more than half;
- in pre-winter weeding and loosening of the soil;
- in protecting shrubs from frost.
Fallen leaves, needles or dense non-woven material can serve as a shelter for the winter. The protection is removed with a vein, the plantings are sanitized. Plants are watered and fed.