Experienced florists tell you how to care for anthurium so that it pleases with its appearance
The beautiful flower “Man’s Happiness” is beautiful with its decorative, heart-shaped leaves. His flowers are beautiful – an ear in a fiery red, pink or speckled bedspread. If you follow the conditions of detention, the anthurium flower will always be elegant. We will try to briefly outline the basic requirements of how to care for the atrium. Experience will bring their own developments, which can be shared with amateurs.
Do I need to transplant the purchased anthurium
Before purchasing an anthurium home plant, you must familiarize yourself with the care requirements. If there is spathiphyllum in the house, then flower care is similar. For anthurium, vital indicators will be a constant temperature of 21-240 in summer, not lower than 18 in winter.
In addition, there are special requirements:
- complex composition of the earth;
- the shape and size of the pot;
- quality of irrigation water and fertilizer;
- air humidity;
- no drafts.
The beauty of a flower depends on healthy leaves and abundant flowering. The slightest deviations in care will lead to a loss of decorativeness..
So, a new pet appeared in the house. First of all, he must go through quarantine, that is, he must live separately from other flowers for two weeks. The best place for this period may be the bathroom. It is warm and humid there, and the backlighting is not difficult to organize. During this time, diseases and pests will come to light, if any. Watering anthurium during this period should be scarce.
Anthurium is a poisonous plant with a caustic sap. Therefore, it must be out of reach of children and animals. Care with pruning and replanting should only be carried out with protective goggles and gloves..
In the future, if everything is in order, you will need to transplant or reload the plant. It should be borne in mind that the roots of anthurium are very fragile, and transplantation will invariably lead to injuries. Therefore, it is better to transfer the plant to a new pot and add soil around the edges without compaction. Choose a pot for anthurium with a smooth inner surface, slightly larger than the previous dishes. The roots should receive more nutrition, but a pot that is too spacious will prevent flowering. Until the container is filled with roots, the anthurium will not bloom. Therefore, you do not need to take a pot “for growth”. Better to buy a plastic container, it is warmer.
Recommendations to completely change the soil in the flower relate to cases when there is a suspicion of root disease or overflow is allowed. The plant gives a signal with spots on the leaves that there is a disorder with the roots. Then the plant is not only freed from the old soil, but the roots are carefully washed, dried and all questionable areas are cut out..
Planting land preparation and fertilization
The main requirement for the substrate is that it should be light, breathable and with little acidity. Soil for anthurium should have the properties of absorbing moisture, but not retaining excess moisture. There are special formulations that you can buy. One of them is Seramis clay granulate, which is a completely ready-made substrate. In others, even ready-made mixtures “Azalea” or “Saintpaulia”, you need to add chopped bark, charcoal, coconut fiber or sphagnum moss, vermiculite and brick chips.
If the composition is prepared independently, then the mixture is taken as a basis in equal proportions:
- top peat;
- leaf humus;
- sod land with the addition of vermicompost.
In this case, the soil for anthurium is completely steamed and treated with a strong solution of potassium permanganate. After that, it is dried to a free-flowing state, but with residual moisture. Expanded clay is used for the drainage layer, which is also subjected to disinfection. When planting a plant, the soil is not compacted or excessively moisturized. The roots must breathe. Deepen the plant to the neck. Over time, the roots show up on the surface. To prevent them from drying out, fibrous material in the form of moss or coconut fiber must lie on top. Vermiculite is also suitable.
Since the soil does not differ in particular nutritional value, then a month after transplanting the plant must be fed. During the growth period, extracts from organic, or special fertilizers for anthurium, ornamental flowering plants, aroids are added to the irrigation water.
Anthuriums often suffer from excessive care. Everything in moderation. Fertilizers in a half dose of that indicated on the package. Watering when the top layer dries and in small portions. The drip tray with dampening materials should not stand directly under the drain hole without a gap.
Agricultural technology in winter
All aroids, including anthurium, have a dormant period in winter. All life processes slow down at this time. Therefore, the air temperature should be lowered to 18 degrees, but at 15 the plant will freeze. A signal that the roots are cold will be the appearance of brown spots or a completely brown leaf. Then you need to warm up the legs of the plant a little..
Daylight hours should be about 10 hours. Therefore, supplementary lighting in regions close to the Arctic will be useful in winter. There is only 6 hours of daylight in December. Watering in winter is reduced the more, the lower the temperature, but the clod of earth should not be allowed to completely dry out. With excessive moisture, root rot is inevitable..
Spraying anthurium in winter is rarely done, once a week. In this case, you should constantly remove dust from the leaves with a wet cloth. Appearing yellow spots are a signal of insufficient lighting. Brown spots in the middle of the leaf indicate cold content. Drying leaf edges signal dry air. In addition, you need to examine the plant for colonization with scale insects, aphids, thrips..
Anthurium should not be transplanted in winter, you need to wait for its awakening. But if it has been poured, and the situation is emergency, then you can try when it’s not enough to reach the spring. In winter, the survival rate of the atrium is low.
Water the anthurium only with soft, settled water. If scale remains on the dishes, such water is destructive for anthurium. Bright brown spots on the leaves will indicate this. Hard water on the pot leaves white stains on the ground and a light strip along the line of the soil boundary. Soft water can be obtained by boiling, or by passing it through a softener filter. You can use ice or snow. But always irrigation water should be about 30 0 and not contain chlorine. Moistening the earth is done in small portions. If watering is bottom, then after 30 minutes the water is drained. An hour later, after the excess comes out through the drainage hole, the pan is again drained.
The most important condition for anthurium is the creation of a moisture zone. For this, a fine spray is applied over the plant several times a day in summer, and once a week in winter. Rubbing the leaves with a damp cloth several times a day in summer serves the same purpose. With a humidity below 65%, anthurium leaves will dry out from the edges..
If the leaf blades are dry and look poor, they can be trimmed with disinfected scissors. It is recommended to cut the leaves of anthurium when there are a lot of them, so as not to overload the root system. In this case, the cut points must be sprinkled with crushed charcoal or cinnamon powder..