Home care for a diploma – we grow a capricious Tropicana
Are you interested in plants with character? Then taking care of your diploma at home can fully satisfy your curiosity. Not many people undertake to grow this plant, because the tender liana is not one of those crops that can be forgotten after planting. Originally from the humid tropics, as a home plant, it requires a special approach. But on the other hand, this flowering liana compensates for the excess of attention to itself with abundant and long flowering. What does a bright beauty need to stay so elegant for a long time and bloom every year??
For the luxurious flowering, the flower growers have given the Dipladenia many delicate “nicknames”. Among them, the most popular: Chilean jasmine, Bolivian rose, Brazilian balsam, Mexican tree of love.
Description of the plant
Diplomas are one of the brightest representatives of the kutrov family. It is a climbing, evergreen and gorgeous flowering plant with nearly 200 species and a rather capricious character. It grows in the form of a lush shrub or liana, the shoots of which become lignified over time. In nature, the length of liana lashes can exceed 5 m. At home, however, it is usually quite acceptable for a room 2 m. Saturated bright oval leaves are opposite along the entire length of the branches. From a distance, they seem artificial, because the leaf plate is dense, leathery, and also covered with a glossy sheen. If you pick a leaf and break it, a milky juice will appear.
Dipladenia refers to poisonous plants, and milky sap causes burns. Any procedures during which there is a need to touch the flower must be carried out with gloves..
Glossy leaves on long curly shoots look beautiful themselves. However, the real “essence” of diplody appears during flowering. Not only is it very long lasting. The first buds appear in early spring, and the last ones bloom in late autumn. In addition, rarely any plant has such a number of flowers. An adult bush of diplodenia, flowering for more than one season, can produce up to 80 buds at a time. Moreover, each of them lasts up to 2 weeks..
Separately, it should be said about the colors themselves. They are large, up to 10 cm in diameter, tubular in shape and have a bright color. Depending on the specific variety, it can be either delicate white or pink inflorescences, or rich burgundy buds. The flowers consist of 5 petals, tapering towards the edge, and in almost all species they emit a sweet aroma.
The name of the plant is translated as “two-iron”. Dipladenia on stamens has two honey glands, which served as the basis for the name of the culture. In the scientific literature, the flower is still often found under the name Mandeville. He received it thanks to an English diplomat who was fond of gardening..
Indoor conditions for diplomatic life
Since the plant is home to the hot and humid tropics, it is not surprising that indoors it begins to be capricious. In order for the vine to really actively branch and bloom profusely, it needs to provide conditions that are as close to natural as possible. First of all, this applies to lighting, temperature and humidity..
How much light does a diplomacy need
The rich color of the deciduous head and the abundance of flowering directly depend on the lighting. Liana needs bright, but diffused lighting. A flowerpot can be placed on the south window only if the diploma is protected by a curtain in the afternoon. Otherwise, the rich color of the leaves burns out, burns appear on them, and the buds crumble.
It is quite natural that the northern window will not suit a tropical guest either. There is too little light for her, which will lead to stretching of the branches. Also, with poor lighting, the flowering itself suffers, reducing the number of ovaries..
East and West windows – just what Mandeville needs.
For the summer, the vine pot can be taken out to the balcony, provided that it is shaded. Diplomacy loves fresh air, but not drafts. In a private house, you can move a bush to a summer terrace, picking up a cozy, not blown-out corner for it.
Air humidity is an important condition for diploidia
Like any tropical inhabitant, liana is demanding on air humidity, especially during flowering. In a house, it is almost impossible to achieve such indicators as in nature, especially during the heating season. The best option is to place the flowerpot in a tray filled with wet pebbles. And, of course, regularly spray the bush.
Features of the temperature regime
Mandeville is one of those plants that are not afraid of high temperatures. On the contrary, in hot summer, in a darkened place, its color only becomes brighter and richer. However, do not forget that in our conditions in winter, daylight hours become significantly shorter. Diplomacy ceases to bloom and goes into hibernation, suspending its development. For this period, the temperature in the room should be no higher than 15 °, but not lower than 12 ° heat.
Another interesting feature of growing a diplodenia flower is the ability to extend flowering. If you do not lower the temperature, but keep it around 25 ° C all year round, the vine will bloom throughout the year. But for this you also need to provide the plant with 14-hour daylight hours. For this, special lamps are installed..
Soil for Diplomacy
Growing and caring for a diploma also implies a properly selected soil. Blooming liana is demanding on the composition of the soil. It should be fertile, light and sour. Pure peat can be used for rooting cuttings. An adult plant needs more nutritious soil, but the presence of peat in it is a must.
Such a soil mixture is not difficult to prepare on your own, mixing in equal parts:
- turf land.
Perlite can be added instead of sand.
Home care for diploma
As you can see, creating comfortable conditions for it is of paramount importance for growing a tropical liana..
In the future, it will only remain to support them, and provide the plant with adequate nutrition, namely:
- Watering. During the flowering period, the vine needs frequent and abundant soil moisture. In spring and autumn, it is necessary to water the bush at least twice a week. In hot summer, you need to monitor the moisture of the earth daily and water it as soon as it dries up to 1 cm deep. In winter, watering is reduced. The water should be warm, settled, without lime admixture. But a little citric acid once a month does not hurt to add.
- Spraying. Moisturizing the crown will help diplodenia maintain the necessary moisture.
- Top dressing. As a flowering plant, Mandeville needs additional fertilization. This should be done only from the beginning of spring to the end of summer, using liquid preparations. During the rest period, the bush does not need feeding. In early spring, when the active growth of new leaves begins, nitrogen fertilizers need to be applied several times. With the beginning of the formation of buds, you should switch to potassium-phosphorus preparations.
- Establishing support. The shoots of diplodenia are long and rather fragile. So that they do not break, it is advisable to install a special ladder in the pot. Support is required even if the Mandeville grows as a bush.
- Pruning. Liana grows very quickly, releasing new shoots and stretching last year’s branches. It is important not to miss the moment when to cut off the diploidia. This should be done after the end of flowering, shortening those branches that did not have time to bud in the current season. No more than 1/3 of the escape is left. Old stems can also be shortened slightly, giving the plant the desired shape..
- Transfer. It only needs to be done when the bush has clearly grown out of the pot, as evidenced by protruding roots. In an adult large Mandeville, it is enough to replace the topsoil.
When starting pruning, it is necessary to take into account that the flower buds of the diplodemy are laid only on young growth. A cardinal cut will affect the flowering next season, significantly reducing the number of buds. It is better to slightly update the bush, and lay long branches around the support.
Home care for diplomas in winter
Under natural conditions, liana is able to bloom continuously throughout the year. As a room culture for the winter, it leaves for forced rest. This is due to a significant reduction in daylight hours. In order for the wintering to be successful, it is necessary to prune at the beginning of November and reduce the frequency of watering. Spraying and feeding is stopped until spring.
For the winter, the pot with dipladenia must be moved to a cool room, but not to the window. There is a risk that the soil will overcool, and this will lead to the death of the plant..
Cool room means just coolness, not sub-zero temperatures. The winter temperature regime for keeping vines should be in the range of 12-15 ° C. If the leaves of the diplodenia turn yellow and fall off, this may just be the result of the fact that she is cold. In the summer, the vine gives a similar reaction to excess or lack of moisture..
Reproduction of diploania
You can get new plants of tropical liana using seeds or cuttings. Sowing seeds can be started traditionally in the spring, in March, using a peat substrate and a greenhouse. They sprout long enough and sometimes the first shoots appear only after 4 months. To speed up this process, you can soak the seeds in a growth promoter before sowing. Diplomacy begins to pick the seedlings when a pair of true leaves is formed in the seedlings.
Terry varieties of Mandevilla are most often grown by the seed method. Cuttings of this variety are extremely reluctant to root..
Propagation of diplopia by cuttings is a more popular method that will allow you to see the flowering of vines in the first year. Cuttings can be harvested from April to July, using young tops or stems from woody stems. They take root in peat (under the film) or first in water with further transplantation..
Summing up, I would like to note that some of the features of care for diploma at home are actually not so scary. These are just the points that you should pay attention to initially. But as a result, the tropical liana will delight you with an abundance of chic buds until late autumn. Try it and let it work out for you!