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To decorate the garden, we grow a modest scabiosu flower from seeds

growing scabiosa from seeds Increasingly, an unpretentious guest from warm regions – scabiosa – appears in summer cottages. Growing scabiosa from seeds is quite a simple matter, so even a young admirer of flora can acquire such beauty. The flower has a unique ability to withstand extreme weather conditions. He is not afraid of the cold north winds. Scabiosa tolerates summer heat and drought without any problems. Her luxurious buds look original in gift bouquets, on flower beds and pots..

Biological features of culture

biological features of scabiosa The flower belongs to the Teasel family. In nature, it is found on the territory of the African continent and the southern part of Eurasia. The name “scabies” in Russian means “scabies”. It is believed that in ancient times, folk healers used the foliage of the culture in the treatment of this disease. According to another version, the Latin word indicates the rough nature of the leaf blades located at the buds. Anyway, scabiosa is truly a beautiful flower.

lovely scabiosa in the gardenAs in the natural environment, and in the backyard flower beds, the flower grows up to 100 cm in height. Strong erect stems are decorated with pinnately dissected leaf plates. They are arranged oppositely, thereby emphasizing the beauty of the buds..

miniature flowersMiniature flowers are tightly collected in capitate inflorescences, which are oval or flattened in shape. The buds are crowned with slender peduncles and are surrounded by rough foliage.

The whisk is funnel-shaped. It is formed by five fused delicate petals. The buds located at the edges are slightly larger than the others, which makes the plant unique. After successful pollination, fruits appear. Inside are small light brown oval seeds.

The planting material of the scabiosa plant remains viable for 4 years.

Varieties of an elegant flower

varieties of scabiosaBiologists count about 100 types of scabiosa. Each of them has its own unique shape, color and aroma. Therefore, any option is suitable for decorating a summer cottage. Consider the most popular varieties.

Caucasian scabiosa

Caucasian scabiosaThe flower belongs to the mountain species. It is found in group or single plantings on mountain slopes, along the banks of rivers and lakes. The maximum crop height is 1 m.It has large inflorescences of various lilac shades.

Hybrid options are:

  • red;
  • blue;
  • white;
  • pink.

The buds bloom in early July, and this continues until the onset of autumn.

Popular subspecies of Caucasian scabiosa:

  • Fama;
  • Compliment;
  • Perfect;
  • Nachtfalter.

The culture is grown along the garden paths. Used in the design of alpine slides and mixborders. Salt compositions are grown in pots.

The plant retains its pristine beauty in sections for a long time..

Japanese

japanese scabiosaThe homeland of the culture is the country of the same name, where it is grown in city flower beds. Perennial Japanese scabiosa grows up to 60 cm. Some variants reach only 20 cm. The flower miraculously tolerates cold and winter cold. The buds are colored in various shades of pink and red. The maximum diameter of the inflorescence is approximately 5 cm.The variety is used to create stylish landscapes in the backyard area..

Yellow scabiosa

delicate yellow scabiosaWild scabiosa with bright sun-colored buds is listed in the Red Book. The cultivated perennial is distinguished by erect stems that rapidly reach the sky. Some specimens reach a height of one meter. The first buds bloom in mid-summer, the last in early autumn. The crop is planted around the edges of the flower bed to create a stylish backdrop for brighter plants..

Purple

purple scabiosaThe species is often grown as an annual crop. It is distinguished by pubescent shoots up to 110 cm high.

They are crowned with large buds up to 8 cm in diameter, painted in the following colors:

  • maroon;
  • pink;
  • blue.

Some specimens have an almost black appearance. For this, the Europeans called the purple scabiosa “the flower of mourning.” Popular varieties include Blue Moon, Monarch Cockade, Rose.

Purple scabiosa does not like the cold, so it should not be grown in the middle lane, where there are severe winters..

Terry scabiosa

terry scabiosaThis species can rightfully be called collective.

It includes varieties popular for landscape design:

  • Fruit ice;
  • Crystal;
  • Lavender lady.

The color scheme is very diverse, from white to dark tones of purple and red. The culture is used for making bouquets and decorating personal plots.

Growing scabiosa from seeds in the open field and for seedlings

growing scabiosa from seedsThe southern beauty is confidently mastering the summer cottages of our compatriots. They grow it mainly by sowing seeds. The plant is sown directly on the flowerbed in April, when the threat of frost is reduced to zero. If the spring is long and cold, seedlings are grown. The process begins around mid-March. Consider the technology of growing scabiosa flowers from seeds in the open field and for seedlings.

We create a spectacular flower bed

sowing scabiosa seedsFirst of all, choose a suitable place. Since the plant loves an abundance of light and space, elevated areas will do. However, the flower bed must be protected from drafts..

For annual varieties, the type of soil does not play a special role, but it is better to sow perennials in loose fertile soil.

On soil with a high acidity, scabiosa loses its decorative effect and quickly dies.

Then they think over which cultures will be the best neighbors for the southern beauty. She develops wonderfully in the company:

  • peonies;
  • anaphalis;
  • asters;
  • monards;
  • Iberis.

decorative flower bedWhen the plan is drawn up, they begin to prepare the site. 2 weeks before sowing, the crops are removed from the remnants of last year’s weeds and thoroughly plowed the land. The top layer is leveled and shallow holes are made at a distance of 35-40 cm. The earth is slightly moistened with a spray bottle. Then spread the seeds at intervals of about 5 cm and sprinkle with loose soil. After 15 days, sprouts will appear. When they get stronger, the flowers thin out.

To get spots on the buds, seeds are scattered throughout the flower bed in a chaotic manner..

Seedling preparation

seedlings of scabiosa seedsA troublesome, but quite effective way of growing scabiosa from seeds at home, suitable for residents of mid-latitudes. In early March, they start an interesting process. Drainage from a suitable material is placed at the bottom of the spacious drawers..

This could be:

  • pebbles;
  • expanded clay;
  • broken brick.

A fertile substrate is poured on top and lightly tamped. With the help of a ruler, grooves are made, moistened and the planting material is laid out. Sprinkle with soil and water again. The boxes are covered with foil and taken to a room where there is an abundance of light. Small containers are displayed on windowsills.

Crops are set away from drafts..

seedling developmentIn order for the seedlings to develop successfully, a dose of oxygen is daily allowed into the miniature greenhouse. After about 7-9 days, the film is completely removed. When 3 leaf plates appear on the seedlings, they are transplanted into separate pots. A few days before disembarkation, the scabiosa is taken outside to harden. At the end of spring, transferred to open ground.

Perennials are propagated using root cuttings in the classical way.

Secrets of competent care

the result of proper careAs practice shows, planting scabiosa and leaving in the open field requires a reasonable sequence. The main reason is the habitation of areoles in their natural environment. The southern beauty does not like excessive dampness. Therefore, it is moistened as the topsoil dries out. In the absence of precipitation, about 0.5 liters of water is poured under each bush. The resulting crust is periodically loosened, while removing weeds.

choice of fertilizer for scabiosaTop dressing is carried out once every 15 days. To do this, use special ready-made mixtures that are sold in flower shops. Organic substances are introduced into the soil in early spring just before planting seedlings or sowing seeds.

Scabiosa pruning is done as the peduncles dry. They are removed immediately after flowering. As a result, young shoots appear on the culture..

The seeds are harvested in early autumn. They choose ripe and large specimens without flaws. Only perennial flowers are prepared for winter. First, all shoots are completely cut off. Then a dry straw shelter is prepared (only in regions with cold winters). In the spring, the plant will again dissolve bright buds to the delight of all people..

As our research shows, growing scabiosa from seeds is very interesting. There are 2 ways: direct sowing in open ground or in containers for seedlings. Any kind of flower can be cultivated. The main thing is to adhere to the principles that gardeners have developed.

Growing scabiosa from seeds from A to Z – video

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