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Chamelacium care at home and breeding features

home care for chamelacium According to the beliefs of most flower growers, caring for chamelacium at home is not at all difficult to carry out. The most important factor in ensuring its normal development is proper watering..

Chamelaucium (Chamelaucium) is a fairly hardy, and not so picky plant from the myrtle family. Although endemic to Western Australia, it is well suited to a Mediterranean climate with bright lighting and well-drained soil. Chamelaceum hooked, known in everyday life as heraldon or wax myrtle, grows well in pots.

A close acquaintance with the chamelacium

lush bloom of chamelacium All chamelaciums have a rather unusual appearance. Their leaves look like thin green needles that resemble pine needles. They smell like citrus, especially if you grind them. Small flowers, exuding a sweet aroma, have a diameter of no more than 20 mm, five petals rounded at the edges and 10 stamens. They can be of various shades – from crystal white to pale pink and purple. Long bloom, from early June to November.

Under the natural conditions of its native range, the height of this evergreen shrub can reach 4 m. Distributed in coastal areas, found on plains, low mountain slopes and wastelands.

Crooked chamelacium grown in homes grows very quickly. The length of its long leaves is about 4 cm. Young shoots are densely covered with them, but over time, the leaves begin to gradually fall off. Axillary flowers can be collected in small clusters. The plant blooms profusely, from the second half of February to mid-June.

Chamelacium care at homeBreeders have bred many varieties of hooked chamelacium, the flowers of which can be double and semi-double, with the most unexpected shades of petals, where there are also two-color ones. The twigs of this luxurious plant are often used by florists in various compositions and bouquets..

Chamelacium care at home

Chamelacium care at homeHelatiums are plants that should be dealt with by experienced flower growers who have perfectly mastered the features of watering. It is for this reason that it is almost impossible to find them in offices and salons..

Taking care of your chamelacium at home is not that difficult. When keeping a plant in an apartment, you need to adhere to those soil parameters that are characteristic of the southwest of Australia. Sandstones are low in nitrogen, calcium and phosphorus.

Conditions conducive to the normal development of chelation should be something like this:

  1. Illumination. It is advisable that the plant is located in the most illuminated place in the apartment, in direct sunlight, since, located in diffused light, it will not bloom. In the summer, it is better to take it out to the balcony or place it on the veranda, in the garden, or at least create air circulation in the room. If this is not done, the roots and crown will overheat, which can lead to irreversible negative consequences. Plants get sick from a lack of light and even die, so they need to be supplemented with a phytolamp.lighting mode
  2. The soil intended for the plant must conduct water well. Even before filling the container, perlite is added to the universal peat soil, which should be at least 1/4 of the total volume and thoroughly mixed. Sometimes it is advised to add moss and a little humus. In this case, the moisture during irrigation does not stagnate, and air cavities form in the soil, due to which the roots of the chelacium do not rot.
  3. The moisture content of the soil is regulated by irrigation in such a way as to avoid complete drying out. But, at the same time, even a one-time waterlogging will not lead to anything good. In order for the soil to always be moderately moist, watered after the top layer dries. Use soft, settled water, since an excess of calcium in the soil is undesirable. Add lemon juice or a little aqueous solution of citric acid to it (no more than once every 10 days).maintaining soil moisture

So that the crown of the chamelacium is not too voluminous and dense, in the summer, when the plant has already faded, all branches are shortened by 1/3, and some tops are pinched.

Growing secrets

secrets of successful cultivationThe soil for chamelacium should be neutral or acidic, low in nutrients. Sand is added to it.

Nitrogen-containing fertilizers, as well as universal ones, are diluted much stronger than the indicated proportions, about two or three times, and added to the soil after the plants have faded. No additional feeding is required.

Phosphorus fertilizers are not suitable for chamelaciums. They react negatively to their introduction.

Watering is carried out regularly. But you need to remember that the earthen lump should dry out periodically. If the humidity in the room is greatly reduced, the leaves can be lightly sprayed with warm, settled water. However, this must be done carefully, since the plant is affected by late blight..

In order for the chamelacium bushes to remain compact, it is necessary not only to cut off the branches, but also to use retardants, drugs that restrain their growth.

When transplanting, the plants are transferred to another container along with an earthen lump, since the delicate roots are severely damaged. Therefore, flower growers often choose simple ceramic pots, which are broken at the time of transshipment..

Propagation of chamelacium by cuttings

propagation of chamelacium by cuttingsThe seed propagation method is not effective for breeding chamelaciums. It is almost impossible to grow a viable plant in this way. Except in rare cases, they all die, which sooner, which later. Many florists do not have much confidence that propagation of chamelacium by cuttings will give a good result..rooting cuttings

However, the odds are much higher here:

  1. Cuttings, 7-10 cm long, are harvested in January. Cut apical cuttings are treated with growth stimulants.
  2. Placed in a mixture of sand and peat.preparation of nutrient soil
  3. But you can try to root them in water..rooting cuttings in water
  4. If the temperature in the room is stable, in the range of 23-25 ​​° C, then after 8 weeks the cuttings will grow roots.slicing chamelacium cuttings

Experienced gardeners can learn another way to get seedlings – grafting. Good results can be achieved by inoculating Hamylaceum on Leptoospermum and Kuncea.

Dangerous diseases and pests

plant diseasesIn addition to the intolerance of high soil moisture, which causes root rot in many plants, chamelaciums suffer from air humidity, coupled with a mismatch in temperature conditions. From this, gray rot appears on their leaves, which is not so easy to get rid of..

At home, chamelacium care should include mandatory insect control. Despite the high content of essential oils, the plant has enemies among pests – mealybugs, spider mites and others. But especially a lot of harm is caused by aphids, against which it is necessary to use special preparations..

Types of chamelacium

There are 14 plant species in the chamelacium genus, which are evergreen shrubs. Some are grown at home:

  1. Hooked, heraldon or wax flower. This species includes a hybrid “Dancing queen” with spectacular double flowers in pink..hybrid
  2. Darwinia. This small shrub, no more than 50 cm high, is highly prized by florists and bonsai creators..chamelacium darwinia
  3. Matilda. A plant with a very dense crown. Easily tolerates short-term cold snaps. Therefore, this type of chamelacium grows outdoors in the southern regions of the country..chamelacium matilda

Hamelaciums need long-term lighting. Even in winter conditions, their daylight hours should be at least 12 hours. And in the spring, plants will certainly delight their owners with abundant flowering and a wonderful aroma..

Caring for chamelacium at home – video

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