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Choosing spectacular types and varieties of zinnia – an aristocratic flower for your garden

types and varieties of zinnia Zinnias can rightfully be considered an old-time plant, because in flower beds and on flower beds they could be found long before our birth. Thanks to the painstaking work of breeders, species and varieties of zinnia have appeared in huge numbers. They differ markedly from each other. Tall and low, large and small, monochromatic and variegated – all deserve attention. Want to add some vibrant colors to your backyard? Then let’s get acquainted with the most popular and beautiful varieties of this amazing flower..

Depending on the shape of the plant and the structure of the inflorescences, 4 groups are distinguished:

  • graceful zinnia (varieties with strong erect stems and inflorescences of various sizes, colors and structures);
  • narrow-leaved zinnia (plants with a narrower and lighter leaf plate);
  • fine-flowered zinnia (medium-sized bushes with small flowers from petals twisted at the tip);
  • zinnia linearis (dwarf zinnias with small chamomile-like inflorescences).

Linearis and fine-flowered zinnia somehow did not take root in the flower beds of gardeners. Most likely, the inconspicuous size of their baskets played a role. But the graceful and narrow-leaved varieties are firmly included in the list of popular plants. Why did you like them so much, and which ones are planted most often? We bring to your attention a selection of zinnia varieties with photos and a short description.

Slender aristocrat – graceful zinnia

zinnia graceful Graceful zinnia is distinguished by erect stems, which are not afraid of the wind. The bush branches only in dwarf varieties. Powerful peduncles at the top thicken and end in beautiful inflorescences-baskets. Depending on the variety, their diameter can be small, about 3 cm, or rather wide, up to 14 cm.The height of the stems themselves also ranges from 30 cm to almost 1 m.Along their entire length, they are covered with a hard down, the same is found on the leaves … Ovate-pointed leaf plates grow oppositely, colored in dark green.

To prevent tall plants from shading each other, there should be a distance of at least 20 cm between the bushes.By the way, this is a cross-pollinated crop.

Elegant zinnia, as this variety is also called due to its Latin name, is characterized by long flowering. It begins in mid-June, and the last inflorescences finish blooming when the frost hits. The flowers are very beautiful, the reed petals can be either elongated or rolled into a tube. The middle is decorated with a cluster of small, yellow, tubular petals.

The seeds of elegant zinnia are highly germinating. Even at 4 years after harvest, they almost all germinate..

In turn, the varieties of zinnia graceful are grouped depending on the shape and structure of the inflorescences, as well as according to the height of the plants:

  • dahlia;
  • zinnia fantasy;
  • pompom;
  • chrysanthemum;
  • gaiardio;
  • scabiosa.

Such varieties of graceful zinnia look gorgeous..

Zinnia Courage

zinnia courageDiffers in abundant flowering and short growth. The height of the bushes is a maximum of 35 cm. The inflorescences themselves are also small, on average about 8 cm, but are located in large numbers among green leaves. Terry flower baskets, hemisphere-shaped, white, pink, orange or red.

Zinnia Mishutka

zinnia bearTall plants (up to 90 cm) with large lush inflorescences. Their diameter can reach 16 cm, while the elongated petals with a rounded edge are closely spaced to each other. The flowers are in the shape of a hemisphere and can be painted in different colors. One of the richest is the purple Mishutka zinnia. The red color common among these plants is deeper, with a barely noticeable light spot in the center of the flower. But the diameter of the basket itself is a couple of centimeters less.

Zinnia A priori

zinnia a prioriTall, up to 90 cm, spreading bush with strong stems and large baskets. The diameter of the inflorescences is 15 cm, painted in a rich salmon pink color.

Zinnia Carnival

zinnia carnivalTall, up to 70 cm, bush, stems are powerful, straight, strongly leafy. The leaves are dark green, oval, with a sharp tip. Differs in variegated inflorescences with a diameter of about 10 cm. This is a very effective double zinnia. It can be white, pink or yellow, with darker specks on the main background..

Zinnia Carousel

zinnia carouselThe variety is distinguished by an elegant two-tone color of inflorescences with a dark center and light edges. They are small, up to 10 cm in diameter, with wide double petals. Zinnia Carousel – medium-sized, no more than 50 cm high. The stems firmly hold an upright position. Surprisingly, she is able to cross independently with other varieties. The result is original baskets..

Zinnia graceful Italy

zinnia graceful italyIt is immediately noticeable in the flowerbed due to its high, up to 90 cm, stems. Blooms in dense terry baskets in the form of a hemisphere. A flower mix of red, white and green colors is in great demand..

Zinnia Russian size

zinnia russian sizeThe tallest variety with stems up to 180 cm high, however, only in greenhouse conditions. In the flowerbed, the bushes are slightly lower, but they retain the size of terry dense baskets of different colors (from 12 to 15 cm in diameter).

Zinnia graceful dahlia

zinnia graceful dahliaPlants of this group are distinguished by large, from 10 to 15 cm in diameter, flowers. They are very similar to dahlia flowers, with hemispherical baskets, in which the outer petals are terry, and in the reed ones, the tips are bent..

Such varieties of dahlia zinnia are very beautiful.:

  • Envy;
  • California giants;
  • Moonstone;
  • Goddess;
  • Lavender;
  • Purple Queen;
  • Lilliputian;
  • Giant;
  • Cherry Queen;
  • Monarch;
  • Tangerine mousse;
  • Polar bear.

Zinnia Envy

zinnia envyThis is one of the most unusual varieties, which is often referred to simply as green zinnia for its original color. Another name is Zinnia Envi (from English – “envy”). Its inflorescences look like large lush green pom-poms. The diameter of each flower is not less than 15 cm, rounded wide petals, the closer to the center, the more they are wrapped in the middle. They bloom in early summer and bloom until mid-autumn..

Sufficiently high peduncles, up to 70 cm, allow using green zinnia for cutting and creating original bouquets.

Zinnia california giants

Zinnia california giantsOne of the tall, large-flowered varieties with large double inflorescences with an average diameter of 15 cm. Differs in rapid growth and abundant long flowering. The color is varied, from white to dark red and purple.

Zinnia Moonstone

Zinnia MoonstoneTall and large-flowered variety, the height of the bush reaches 90 cm, and the diameter of the flowers is 15 cm.The inflorescences are lilac-pink, double.

Zinnia Goddess

Zinnia GoddessIt grows in a tall bush, stretching up to 90 cm. Peduncles are strong, crowned with large inflorescences, similar to dahlias. Zinnia’s flowers The Goddess is also divinely beautiful: lush, monochromatic carmine-red color, up to 14 cm in diameter. Blooms until frost.

The variety loves moisture, with a lack of moisture, the inflorescences retain their beauty, but become smaller.

Zinnia Lavender

Zinnia LavenderA powerful variety with high stems up to 90 cm. Inflorescences are large (15 cm), terry, with beautifully laid lilac-lavender petals.

Zinnia Purple Queen

Zinnia Purple QueenA tall bush, up to 80 cm, forms powerful sturdy peduncles that branch straight from the base. A characteristic feature of the variety are large inflorescences with a diameter of at least 10 cm. In the photo of the Violet Queen zinnia, you can see that they are painted in lilac-purple color. For zinnias, this coloring is very rare and generally not inherent.

Zinnia Lilliput

Zinnia LilliputLush bushes do not grow higher than 50 cm.The flowering is abundant, double baskets, small (no more than 5 cm in diameter), of different colors.

Zinnia Giant

Zinnia GiantThe variety is a large-flowered zinnias with large, up to 15 cm in diameter, inflorescences in the form of dahlia flowers. The stems of the plant are also powerful, up to 90 cm in height. The color of the Giants can be different: white, yellow, salmon, crimson, red.

Zinnia Cherry Queen

Zinnia Cherry QueenTall bush, blooms closer to July. Until the first frost, large red-lilac or purple baskets flaunt on slender, powerful stems. The diameter of the inflorescences is 13 cm, the reed petals are slightly raised, arranged in the form of a tiled masonry.

With prolonged drought, the variety requires watering in order to maintain the size of the inflorescences..

Zinnia Monarch

Zinnia MonarchA tall variety used for cutting. The height of the bushes is 90 cm, the stems are straight, ending in a large carmine-red inflorescence. In the photo of zinnia Monarch, it can be seen that its inflorescences really resemble lush dahlias. Blooms from summer to frost.

The variety is known for its long flowering – each basket lasts almost a month..

Zinnia Mandarin Mousse

Zinnia Mandarin MousseA tall bush up to 90 cm in height differs not only in its size, but also in large inflorescences. They are colored deep orange and really resemble a round mandarin. The diameter of each basket reaches 14 cm.

Zinnia Polar Bear

Zinnia Polar BearA tall variety, the average plant height is 65 cm, but can grow up to 90 cm. Powerful stems branch, forming several inflorescences on each. Moreover, they firmly “stand” upright and do not need support. Photo of zinnia Polar bear only confirms the accuracy of the name. Its large double baskets are painted in the snow-white color of polar snow. Wide petals bend slightly inward.

In a shady location, white flowers appear greenish in the center.

Zinnia graceful Fantasy

This subgroup is also known as zinnia fantasy. It combines varieties that are characterized by rather large lush inflorescences. Their average diameter is 10 cm, while the terry baskets are loose and “shaggy”, as if curly. The reed petals are narrow and bizarrely curved, and in some species even bifurcate, like the tongue of a snake. The bushes themselves are in the shape of a ball and do not grow more than 65 cm, but the green leaves are large as for a plant of this size. zinnia short staffBut the “fantasy” zinnia Short Staff is generally one of the most compact species with a bush height of no more than 25 cm. It blooms in double baskets with a diameter of about 10 cm. Their color can be very diverse, from white to dark red.

Zinnia graceful pompom

This bushy flower variety looks beautiful in flower beds due to its curvaceous shape. Although the inflorescences will not please in size (their diameter is no more than 4 cm), they attract attention with their rounded shape.zinnia thumbelina The bush seems to be decorated with colored pompons, for example, like Thumbelina’s zinnia. This compact bush with lush branching stems up to 20 cm high will delight with flowering from mid-summer to early autumn. The inflorescences are also small, maximum 6 cm in diameter, stuffed. Can be white, pink, red, yellow or orange.

The variety is characterized by high resistance of flowers to weather conditions. Baskets keep their shape and do not fade.

zinnia oklahomaOklahoma’s pompous zinnia is no less beautiful. This tall variety with powerful stems and large foliage grows up to 85 cm in a sunny place. At the same time, the inflorescences themselves are small, a maximum of 7.5 cm in diameter, but lush. Densely spaced petals form round pom-pom balls of different colors. They can be white, yellow or red, or different shades of these colors..

The variety is highly resistant to most diseases. Also ideal for cutting.

Zinnia graceful chrysanthemum

variety mix BurpanVarieties of this group are characterized by large monochromatic inflorescences. At the same time, their reed petals are twisted in a tube or in the form of a spiral, which makes them look like chrysanthemum flowers. Plants are mostly medium-sized, on average about 60 cm in height. One of the brightest representatives of chrysanthemum zinnias is the Burpan variety mixture. Gorgeous terry inflorescences have a diameter of at least 10 cm and different colors, from white-yellow to deep red.

Zinnia graceful scabiosa

For the peculiar shape of the inflorescences, these zinnias are also called anemone. They are characterized by small terry baskets with a strongly overgrown and protruding center of the reed petals. Around it, in one row, wide petals grow. The prominent representatives of the species are:

  • zinnia A new attraction with small flowers, but rather tall, up to 60 cm, stems;zinnia New attraction
  • zinnia Barbie with even taller stems (80 cm) and pink flowers with red tongue petals in the middle.zinnia barbie

“Comfortable” and cute zinnia angustifolia

zinnia angustifoliaUnlike graceful, narrow-leaved zinnia grows in the form of a profusely branching small bush. The average plant height is 30 cm, and the maximum is no more than 40 cm. Numerous shoots are covered with dense foliage, growing in pairs. The leaves are elongated, only 2 cm wide and 6 cm long, the tips are slightly pointed. The dense foliage cap is not dark, like that of a graceful zinnia, but is colored in a calmer and lighter green color..

Narrow-leaved zinnia is often called Mexican because this plant is widespread and actively cultivated in Mexico..

Zinnia blooms in mid-July, but with the first frosts, the annual dies. The species and varieties of narrow-leaved zinnia do not differ in a special color range, mainly they are different shades of red, yellow and orange, as well as white. Inflorescences are small, up to 4 cm in diameter, but in large numbers. In the center there is a convex center of small tubular flowers, taken in a tight ring of reed petals. Fading away, they tie not very attractive achenes in the shape of an oval, so the bushes are usually cut back in the fall, when they freeze. There is no point in leaving them until spring.

Narrow-leaved zinnia is characterized by high drought resistance and can grow without irrigation (with periodic natural precipitation). You need to plant it in a warm and well-lit place..

The varietal variety of narrow-leaved zinnia is not as numerous as that of the elegant one, but there is still plenty to choose from. These are mainly low-growing varieties of zinnias. The main difference between them is in color and degree of bushiness. Also, the goal of breeders is to breed beautiful terry species and maximize their flowering..

Zinnia Sombrero

zinnia sombreroDensely leafy compact bush will delight you with bright inflorescences. They can be monochromatic, but the most popular variety is with a brick color and a yellow border around the circumference of the petals..

Persian rug

zinnia persian rugFrom the description and photo of the zinnia Persian carpet, it is clear that it is a compact but effective variety. The height of the plant is only 30 cm, but the entire bush is sprinkled with small, no more than 5 cm, terry baskets. Inflorescences are variegated, yellow-brown.

Hybrid Profusion

zinnia professionalA few words should be separately said about Zinnia Profusion. It is “intermediate” between the two groups, a hybrid variety, the parents of which are narrow-leaved and graceful zinnias. The bushes are low (up to 45 cm), but lush, more than 50 cm wide.The color can be different, from light to dark red.

It is possible to list the types and varieties of zinnia for a very long time, because these are far from all representatives. Among such a variety, everyone can choose a flower to their liking. Someone more like the large hats of the California giants, for others, the delicate modest pompoms of Thumbelina are nicer, and Burpan’s zinnias are not inferior in their beauty to autumn chrysanthemums. In general, there is plenty to choose from, so plant and admire!

Acquaintance with the species and varieties of zinnia – video

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