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Planting and caring for wonderful marigolds in the open field is within the power of everyone

marigolds of different varieties For a plant such as marigolds, planting and care in the open field is not difficult. These flowers can be planted both for flower bed decoration and as a medicinal plant. There are two ways of planting marigolds – seedlings or seeds, both are simple and do not require special costs..

Description and features of the plant

marigolds on a mini-flower bed Tagetes (marigolds, black shaves, lights) are bushes that can reach up to 130 cm in height. Leaves pinnately separate or pinnately excised, of different shades of green. The plant blooms from early summer until the first frost. His flowers are large, yellow, orange or with a brown tint..

In addition to decorating the garden, marigolds have many useful properties:

  • their smell scares away pests;
  • lutein, which is contained in flowers, reduces the likelihood of developing cataracts and improves visual acuity;
  • infusion of marigold flowers relieves inflammation of internal organs, relieves stress;
  • dried raw material is a seasoning for food.

Planting marigolds in open ground and caring for them is a simple task. It is enough to buy seeds 1 time, and then you can collect them from adult plants. If you do not take part in the reproduction of tagetes, new flowers will grow on their own from seeds..

Open ground planting rules

sowing marigoldsMarigold seeds can be purchased at the store or collected from plants you like that have already faded. In the future, they are removed from their boxes, which are formed in place of flowers..seed capsule of marigolds Next, they must be dried and stored at room temperature until spring..

seedlings of marigoldsPlanting marigolds in open ground and caring for them does not require preliminary preparation. Seeds can be planted in one of the following ways:

  1. Dry seeds are placed in previously prepared and watered furrows with a depth of no more than 3 cm at a distance of 5-10 cm from each other.
  2. Seeds can be germinated 2-3 days before planting. They are soaked for 10 minutes, then left in any container and covered with a napkin with water. When the first shoots appear, they are transferred to the garden in the same way as dry seeds..

Marigolds protect neighboring plants from insect pests

planting marigolds in open groundWhen to plant marigolds in open ground depends on the region and type of soil. In any case, it is better to plant them in the spring, after warming, so that the seeds do not freeze and rot during the winter. The sooner they are planted, the earlier they will sprout and begin to bloom. The flowering period lasts until the first frost.

Planting marigolds in open ground in the fall is not always possible. They will survive the winter only in the southern regions, where there are no severe frosts. In addition, these plants absorb moisture quickly and can rot when large amounts of snow melt..

Plant care

watering marigolds

Planting marigolds with seeds in open ground and caring for them will not seem difficult even for novice gardeners. The main thing is to remember that the plant is very thermophilic, and before planting, make sure that the soil has time to warm up. Planting marigolds and leaving in the open field during frost is not always possible. In cold regions, they are propagated by seedlings. Seeds are germinated at home or in a greenhouse, and transferred to the street only when the soil warms up.

marigolds along the garden pathPlants require frequent and abundant watering. In this case, it is necessary to ensure that the soil remains loose and permeable to air. Otherwise, individual inflorescences and leaves will begin to rot. They must be carefully removed with scissors, and the soil must be loosened..

Tagetes grows well in any light. The difference is that in open, lit areas, the bushes will reach their maximum height, and the flowers will be larger. In the shade, marigolds will grow low, but will not lose their beneficial properties..

Marigolds grow on any type of soil. They can be planted even on depleted or sandy areas, but subject to additional feeding. For these purposes, organic fertilizers are suitable – compost or humus.

Diseases of marigolds

the use of marigolds in traditional medicineBlackshaves are very resistant to pests. The phytoncides that they release scare away insects, protecting not only these plants, but also the neighboring ones. They also retain immunity to infectious and fungal diseases..

The variety of varieties allows you to create whole compositions from black shaves.

There are several dangers to which these flowers are subject:

  1. During a prolonged drought – a spider mite. To get rid of it, plants are pollinated with a solution of colloidal sulfur or use it for fumigation.
  2. With abundant watering, the flowers attract slugs. To combat them, it is enough to place containers with bleach between the beds..

marigolds to protect cabbageDiseases of marigolds in the open field can be easily avoided. If you control the moisture content of the soil and pay attention to the invasion of pests in time, the black shaves will grow tall and healthy. Their flowers will decorate the beds and treat the owner from many different diseases, and the plants in the neighboring beds will be under reliable protection from insects..

Video about planting marigold seedlings in open ground

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