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Planting sanguinaria and caring for primrose at their summer cottage

sanguine planting and care In early spring, the backyard area looks very dull: gray trees without foliage and black flower beds. But competent planting of sanguinaria and caring for it will help completely transform your favorite place of work and rest. The plant is considered a unique primrose. It appears as soon as the snow cover disappears from the flower bed and the soil warms up. Delicate sprouts slowly grow up. Over time, they are crowned with snow-white flowers that herald the spring awakening of nature..

Botanical description of culture

perennial flower sanguinaria The perennial flower sanguinaria belongs to the Poppy family. In nature, it is found in Canada and the United States. Grows in moist deciduous forests, in places where there is little sunlight. Translated from Latin, “sanguinaria” means blood. The ancient Indians noticed that when any part of the flower is damaged, a red liquid is released. Therefore, they used it for everyday needs and coloring warriors. Modern flower growers do not bypass sanguinaria when they form the landscape design of the backyard territory..

The flower is grown as:

  • an exquisite partner for ornamental shrubs;
  • a solemn accent of a spring flower bed;
  • luminous elements for shady areas of the garden.

poppy plantIn addition, the plant looks wonderful among large stones specially located in the flower bed. Interesting compositions are created from primrose and juniper. It is originally combined with fern and hosts..

primrose sanguinariaWhen the spring sun warms the soil, the first to break through to the surface are greenish-gray tubes with many pink veins. Outwardly, they resemble morels. After a few days, the tube unfolds and a fleshy shoot is exposed. On its upper part, a snow-white bud is formed, with a diameter of about 5 cm.

Simple flowers resemble ordinary chamomile. Petals grow around a yellow core, which consists of many reed buds. terry sanguinariaTerry sanguinaria are distinguished by exquisite inflorescences, similar to peonies or water lilies. Flowering lasts about 2-3 weeks, giving the site a solemn look.

Thanks to the efforts of scientists, original varieties of perennial primrose appeared:

  • Multiplex;multiplex grade
  • Flora captive;variety flora pleno
  • Old;grade old
  • Roseum;roseum variety
  • Blush;sanguinaria blues
  • Ami;sanguinaria varieties ami
  • Pink Form.grade pink forms

The flower has a powerful horizontal type root system. Grows up to 15 cm in height. The leaf plates are heart-shaped. The back side is strewn with embossed veins, and the edges, with small notches. During extreme heat, the plates begin to wither, and the flowers lose their former attractiveness. To eliminate this “defect”, daffodils and tulips are planted next to the crop..

Planting a singinarium and care according to an agronomic scheme

planting sanguinaria and care in the flowerbedIt was noted that the culture thrives under the crown of spreading trees and in open areas. In the backyard, sanguinaria is planted both in the shade and in the sun. The best place to grow flowers is in the near-stem area of ​​fruit crops. The main thing is that they fit effectively into the landscape design..

The flower loves loose soil that allows moisture and air to pass through well. On compacted soil, it develops poorly and dries up over time. The ideal option is a soil with a reaction type of 5 to 7 pH. To improve the structure of the substrate, the soil is enriched with perlite and peat. The culture is planted in early spring or autumn..

Fallen leaves serve the plant as an additional source of mineral components necessary for its development..

sanguinaria in the flowerbedThe process of planting and caring for a sanguinaria consists of a number of simple procedures. The phased implementation of each procedure will certainly lead to success. The first step is to acquire high-quality planting material. Usually, seedlings or rhizome cuttings are sold in specialized nurseries or retail outlets. Plants should not show any damage or signs of rot. Even small defects have a detrimental effect on the growth and development of sanguinaria..

Site preparation and landing scheme

selection of a site for planting sanguinariaThe selected flower bed is carefully dug up, removing dry shoots and roots. The top layer of soil is covered with a rake to get a flat area. Then make holes, about 7 cm deep. In each hole, put a part of the rhizome, a ready-made seedling or seedlings with a lump of earth. The resulting voids are covered with soil and compacted. Sprinkle abundantly on top with water.

In the first week after planting, Canadian sanguinaria needs protection from direct sunlight. A low wire frame is made over the seedlings and covered with any non-woven material. If the flower bed is in the shade all day, no shelter is built..

It is advisable to place sanguinaria flowers at a distance of 30 cm from each other.

Care rules

features of caring for sanguinariaFreshly planted plants are watered daily, preventing the soil from drying out. Adult flowers are able to accumulate moisture in a powerful rhizome. Therefore, they are watered no more than once every 14 days. In dry periods, the plants are moistened once a week.

During the procedure, flower growers closely monitor the process of moisture absorption. If it remains on the surface of the earth, then there is already too much of it. Ideally, the soil around the flowers should be slightly damp, rather than constantly wet..

before and after fertilizationOnce a year, sanguinaria is fed with complex fertilizers containing potassium and phosphorus. Substances are applied in early spring, when the first shoots appear. Thanks to this, active flowering of the culture is stimulated. During the rest of the growing season, feeding the primrose is not needed. In the middle of autumn, flowers are sprinkled with humus or compost..

The root system of the flower is at a depth of about 7 cm.When the topsoil is loosened, it is easily damaged.

Breeding methods for sanguinaria

propagation of sanguinaria by seedsPerennial primrose is propagated by seeds and dividing the rhizome. Seed material is harvested from existing plants or purchased from a store. 3 months before the start of the procedure, it is placed in the refrigerator for stratification..

Sanguinaria canadensis is sown in bulk containers or peat pots.

First, the containers are filled with loose soil obtained by combining the components:

  • garden land;
  • coarse sand;
  • peat;
  • humus.

The seeds are spread to a depth of about 3-5 cm and the surface is leveled. From above, the crops are covered with a black film so that sunlight does not fall on them. When sprouts appear, the shelter is removed. Fortified seedlings are transferred to a flower bed and planted together with an earthen clod.

Sanguinaria grown from seeds will bloom only after 3-4 years.

reproduction of sanguinaria by dividing rhizomesThe easiest way to reproduce primrose is to divide the rhizome. The procedure is carried out in the fall, when the leaf plates of flowers completely wither. Adult specimens are carefully dug out of the soil. Lay out on paper or a piece of cloth. The rhizome is cut into several parts so that each has 3 living buds. The resulting specimens are planted in the prepared area in the traditional way. Sprinkle abundantly on top with water.

Having studied the rules of planting and caring for sanguinaria, we understand the plan of action. The plant wonderfully takes root in both shaded and open areas. Planting is carried out in early spring or autumn. Propagated by seeds and dividing the rhizome. Care includes regular watering and one-time feeding at the beginning of the growing season with complex fertilizers. Having consistently followed the rules of cultivation, an exquisite primrose will certainly appear at the summer cottage – sanguinaria.

Planting sanguinaria and care in a country flower bed – video

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