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We grow bright sunny flowers adonis in garden beds

we grow flowers adonis Among the long-awaited primroses, pleasing to the eye and uplifting, adonis flowers are the most beautiful. They radiate the reflections of the sun, emanating from bright yellow petals, an emerald green of delicate foliage and the joyful breath of awakening nature. There are no particular difficulties in caring for an ornamental plant. However, you need to know how to properly plant and grow this unpretentious, but beautiful flower, providing it with favorable conditions..

Botanical characteristics

wonderful sunny flowers The plant of the buttercup family with the Latin name Adonis differs not only in species diversity, but also in the plurality of popular names. It is known as adonis, light, ember, mohnatik, montenegrin, adonis, firebird, growing from the seeds of which led to the breeding of another 35 – 40 plant species.

The natural habitat for the growth of adonis is mountains, foothills of rocks, plain steppes. The flower prefers cool regions of Asia and Europe. The plant feels good, both in the Caucasus and Crimea, and in Siberia..

Characteristic features of all types:

  • the originality of the root system, presented in the form of developed cord-like roots;
  • shoots, depending on the variety, are branched or single;
  • the height of the stems in the flowering phase is from 5 to 20 cm, it can reach up to 50 cm;
  • finger-needle leaves in the form of narrow divided lobes resemble needles of needles;
  • single flowers, 4 – 6 cm in size, are placed at the tip of the stems, forming at least 50 flowers on one bush;
  • petals are bright yellow, less often red and even white;
  • the fruit is a leaflet with a sharp or bent spout, inside which the seeds ripen.

The main question of interest to gardeners is when adonis blooms. The flowering period directly depends on the type of plant: from the end of April or the beginning of May for 15 – 20 days.

The petals of adonis open when the first rays of the sun appear and close in the afternoon. In cloudy or cold weather, the bud does not bloom.

Adonis flowers (popular types)

An ornamental plant is represented by annuals and perennials. Among the most popular annuals are summer adonis and autumn adonis. The group of perennial species is more numerous.

Spring adonis

flowers adonis springAdonis vernalis. The flower is listed in the Red Book and is described as a perennial plant that combines decorative and medicinal properties. It is also called an adonis and a firebird for the bright yellow color of the petals with gloss. The flowers are large – up to 7 cm in diameter, the stems are short bryophytes. It begins to bloom after 4 years of age. The beginning of flowering is early – from the end of April, but the duration of the phase is short – only 14-15 days,

Summer adonis

summer adonisAdonis aestivalis. A light, a coal, a pheasant’s eye – this is how the summer Adonis is called in different ways. This annual plant is distinguished by a variety of colors: it is found in orange, red and rich yellow. Flowers are not very large – up to 3 cm in diameter. The peculiarity of the species is a long flowering period: from June to August.

Autumn adonis

autumn adonisAdonis annua, aka Adonis automnalis (annual) or autumnal adonis. Stems no more than 30 cm, fluffy. Petals are bright red or pale yellow, darkening towards the center. Flowering begins in June and ends in late August.

Volzhsky

flowers adonis volzhskyAdonis volgensis. This is a perennial plant, the stems of which start branching from the middle of the shoot, reaching a length of more than 30 cm. The color of the flowers is pale yellow with a lilac shade of sepals, distinguished by their fluffiness. The petals are narrow, pointed.

Adonis siberian

Adonis sibirica / apenninaAdonis sibirica / apennina. Perennial growing in the eastern and western regions of Siberia and Mongolia. Differs in rather high shoots – up to 60 cm. The foliage is not very dense. It begins to bloom in early June.

Amurskiy

flowers adonis amurAdonis amurensis. The homeland of Adonis Amur is the Far East. Found in Japan and China. The bush is low – no more than 12 cm. The originality of the species is amazing, like corrugated petals and many subspecies bred in Japan. These are double and semi-double flowers of various shades..

Adonis furry

furry adonisAdonis villosa. Grows in birch groves and steppe plains of Siberia and Kazakhstan. A perennial plant up to flowering no higher than 15 cm. From the appearance of the first flowers, shoots grow up to 30 cm. The shape of the petals is pointed. Color light yellow.

Other types of adonis are also very popular with gardeners.:

  • golden;golden adonis
  • Turkestan;Turkestan adonis
  • Mongolian.flowers adonis mongolian

Each type of adonis flower delights with its beauty. Multi-colored color, shape of petals, splendor of greenery – everything is pleasing to the eye.

Features of planting seeds

growing adonis from seedsGrowing an Adonis flower is possible in different ways. It is advisable to plant the seeds first in boxes and grow seedlings in them. With the onset of spring days, the grown sprouts are planted in a specially prepared limestone soil.

The second way is to plant seeds directly into the ground. You can plant seeds in the ground in summer or early spring. However, when planted in the ground, the germination rate is much lower, and the plants grow with difficulty..

When planting adonis seeds in the ground or in greenhouse-greenhouse conditions, the following rules must be observed:

  1. It is better to sow seeds in the ground in November or in spring – in greenhouses.
  2. Embed seeds in the ground to a depth of 2 cm.
  3. Sprinkle with earth mixed with humus and lime.
  4. Fast germination requires constant watering.

seedlings of seeds of adonis

With proper care, seedlings appear in 20-25 days. The seedlings are placed in a well-lit place. However, the sprouts should not be exposed to direct sunlight. Young sprouts require daily watering and subsequent loosening of the soil.

Planting adonis and care in the open field

adonis in the open fieldOnly well-strengthened seedlings can be transplanted into the ground..

In this case, it is recommended:

  1. Planting should be done from April to May or August to September.
  2. It is better to plant young plants in a lighted, but slightly darkened place, where it is sunny in the morning and cool at noon..planting seedlings of adonis
  3. The soil should be light and contain lime and organic matter. The recommended pH level is from 7 to 7.5.
  4. Leave 25-30 cm between plants.
  5. The shoots that have not yet matured must be watered daily, loosen the soil after watering and huddle.
  6. Apply a complex of fertilizers before flowering and at the end of the summer season.

The plant develops very slowly for the first two years. Only by the age of 4 it begins to bloom. Careful and gentle care yields good results.first bloom of adonis

Some types of adonis contain poisonous substances. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out all work with gloves..

Reproduction by dividing the bush

flowers adonis from delenkaReproduction of adonis can also be performed by dividing a mature bush at least 5 years old. It is desirable to carry out these works in late August or early September. If reproduction by division is carried out in the spring, then it is recommended to do this before the active growth of the plant begins..division of a large bush of adonis

The algorithm of actions is as follows:

  1. Dig up the bush carefully.
  2. Cut it into pieces with a sharp knife.
  3. Leave a few roots and buds in each separated bush.
  4. Lubricate the cut points with a disinfectant.
  5. Plant in the ground, ensuring that the hole is deep enough so that the roots do not bend.
  6. It is better to divide the bush into large parts, since small divisions are difficult to accept, are more susceptible to diseases and may simply die.

split after transplantCaring for plants after dividing is no different from caring for seedlings. The advantage of the method is the possibility of flowering in the first year after planting..

Flowers on a young bush are best removed carefully. This will give him the strength to grow quickly..

Adonis flowers are the best decoration for an alpine slide or border along the path. They go well with primroses and violets. In addition to its amazing beauty, many species of this plant are used in traditional medicine recipes to stabilize the cardiovascular and nervous systems..

Flowers adonis caucasian in composition with irises – video

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