We study the rules of planting lobularia and caring for flowers in the open field
Planting a lobularia and caring for a plant in the open field is an easy task. It is a vibrant, showy annual plant that is grown as a groundcover. It belongs to the Cruciferous family and is common in the Mediterranean. Lobularia Maritima (Lobularia Maritima) is used as an ornamental plant in temperate climates..
Planting lobularia and care in the open field
Lobularia is also called a lawn and annual alyssum. It is represented by low bushes, which reach from 6 to 50 cm, depending on the variety. The flowers are contrasting, they can be painted in white, pink, lilac, violet and other shades. Flowering lasts from late spring to mid-autumn. After that, pods filled with seeds are formed. This is the only breeding method for Lobularia, and sowing material can be purchased at a flower shop..
The sea lobularia attracts attention not only with its bright colors. It has a strong scent that attracts butterflies and other insects..
In March, the preparation of seedlings begins, which is then transplanted into open ground. This will require shallow, wide containers and soil. Lobularia is suitable for a universal soil or mixture for flowering plants. It should be loose and moderately moist, with a neutral or alkaline reaction. However, the lawn maker is not too demanding on the composition of the soil..
Growing seedlings is easy:
- The containers are filled with soil and the seeds are placed in them with a toothpick. The containers are then covered with foil or glass lids and placed in a warm place, but not in direct sunlight..
- The film is removed from the containers daily to remove condensation. The first shoots appear in one and a half to two weeks. Then the room temperature can be gradually reduced and the cover removed..
- Seedling care consists in moderate watering and airing. When the first 2 pairs of leaves appear, pick the seedlings. Only the largest and most viable plants are left in containers, and too small and damaged ones are removed.
- 2 weeks before transplanting into open ground, the seedlings begin to harden. They are taken out on the street or left on the windowsill, but at first only in warm weather. The time of these procedures is increased gradually..
When caring for seedlings, it is important to avoid stagnant moisture..
Watering should be moderate. If the water stagnates, signs of fungal diseases appear on the roots. Also, the plant does not need feeding at the initial stages and reacts negatively to the introduction of organic fertilizers..
Open ground transplant
Planting a lobularia in open ground and caring for it is a simple process, but it is important to find a suitable place for the plant. The bushes will take root well in well-lit areas – they can be placed both in the open sun and in partial shade. It is better to choose a place on a hill where water will not accumulate.
To transplant seedlings into open ground, follow several steps:
- dig up a flower bed, remove stones, loosen the soil and level its surface;
- dig small holes at a distance of at least 15-20 cm from each other;
- compact the soil surface near the plants and water.
The optimal time to plant lobularia when growing from seeds is the end of May. By this time, the soil warms up sufficiently, including at night. After 40 days, you can expect the first flowers to appear. If the seedlings are not ready by mid-May, you can simply plant the seeds in open ground. Such plants begin to bloom later, but take root no worse..
Lobularia is an annual plant, but it reproduces by self-seeding. If you place several bushes in a flower bed and provide good care, the flowers will remain viable for several more years..
Lobularia is popular not only for home flower beds and lawns, but also for urban landscaping. It is unpretentious to growing conditions, care and weather, it easily takes root and blooms brightly on most types of soils..
It is enough to follow a few rules to please with abundant flowering and a pleasant aroma throughout the warm season:
- Watering is moderate. The bushes are watered only during periods of prolonged drought. The procedure is carried out early in the morning or in the evening, when the sun’s rays are not aggressive and will not leave burns on the leaves..
- Top dressing – not required. You can add a complex mineral mixture if the lobularia has stopped blooming in hot weather. It is important to remember that the plant does not tolerate organic fertilizers, especially fresh manure..
- After flowering, you can collect the seeds and leave them in a dark, cool room to plant Lobularia next year. However, the plant can reproduce by self-seeding. In large beds and flower beds, bushes are removed after seeds fall.
With proper cultivation and care, lobularia in the photo, in flower beds and on the lawn will look bright and impressive. The flowering period lasts all summer and early autumn. It can stop during extreme heat and drought, but then continues again. At this time, you can add complex mineral fertilizing to support the plant..
Diseases and pests
Lobularia is a plant resistant to adverse conditions and various diseases. However, pests can also appear on it and harm the bushes. The first symptoms that you should pay attention to are the cessation of flowering in normal weather, wilting of flowers and leaves, drying and yellowing of bushes, the appearance of spots in various areas.
They can indicate various diseases:
- fungal infection (powdery mildew and others) – damaged plants are removed, and the rest are treated with fungicides;
- cruciferous flea – a beetle that feeds on leaves, requires treatment with Aktara, Decis, Bankol and others;
- slugs are a common pest in the garden and in flower beds, they are collected by hand or set traps.
Lobularia does not need preventive treatments against diseases and pests. To increase her immunity, it is enough to follow the rules of care, prevent stagnation of moisture in the soil and plant the bushes at a sufficient distance from each other.
Lobularia marine is the only species that is cultivated for decorative purposes. It combines several varieties with flowers of different shades..
The most popular ones:
- Oriental Knight is a short (up to 15 cm) bush with bright purple flowers;
- Carpet of Snow is a compact plant (no more than 15 cm in height) with white inflorescences, which looks spectacular as a ground cover;
- Rosie O Day – small bushes with unusual pink flowers;
- Palette – inflorescences can be painted in white, purple, hot pink and even brown shades.
Even a beginner can handle planting a lobularia in open ground and caring for it. It is a hardy, unpretentious plant with a bright, long-lasting flowering and sweet aroma. It will look spectacular on its own, as well as be combined with other plants in flower beds and flower beds. Lobularia is appreciated for its ease of growing and spectacular appearance throughout the warm season..