The main causes of stromantal diseases
A visitor to the rainforests is a capricious plant. As a result of improper care, various stromant diseases arise, which, first of all, are reflected on the leaves. It is important to notice the change in their appearance in time and take appropriate measures to preserve the flower. Providing the necessary growing conditions will help reduce the risk of infection by diseases and pests..
How to grow a healthy plant
Stromanta is popular with lovers of home exotic because of its unusual, graceful leaves. They have a pleasant green color, against which bright stripes or spots are located. Even from the inside out, the leaves look very attractive thanks to their purple-violet hue. Knowing the botanical features of stromanths will help you grow a healthy and beautiful plant..
In order for a flower to delight with its beauty for a long time, conditions should be maintained that resemble tropical rainforests..
Growing in the wild under dense canopy of trees, stromanthus prefers diffused lighting. The best location for the flower will be a place in the back of the room. The plant does not tolerate dry air, temperature changes, and drafts. In winter, it is necessary to protect the root system from hypothermia by placing the flowerpot away from the window. An important condition for keeping stromant is compliance with watering rules. In summer, the soil must be moistened abundantly with settled water every 3 days. In winter, the number of waterings is reduced to once a week..
Even with a slight violation of the rules of maintenance, the plant can lose its beauty. It can be very difficult to restore his healthy appearance. An attentive flower owner will notice the changes that have occurred in time and will try to revise the conditions of detention..
The following signs indicate the appearance of stromantal diseases:
- The leaves of the plant wither, the stem rots. The reason is high air humidity combined with low temperature. It is recommended to leave the humidity unchanged, and raise the temperature to 25-28⁰С..
- Dry brown spots on the leaves of the stromant. Their appearance is caused by two reasons – too large a flowerpot or an unsuitable substrate in terms of composition. To correct the situation, it is enough to transplant the plant into a smaller container and change the soil.
- The leaves fall off, the stem withers. The problem arises from over-watering. Especially when water stagnates in the sump for a long time.
- In stromanthus, the tips of the leaves dry when the air humidity is too low. To heal the plant, it is required to carry out repeated spraying during the day with water using a spray bottle.
- Leaves curl. Violation of watering rules leads to this. It is important to monitor the condition of the soil, preventing it from drying out. At the same time, it should not turn into liquid mud..
- The leaves of the stromant turn yellow – the plant suffers from excess sunlight. It should be moved to a shaded area or protected from bright light.
- Deceleration of plant growth. There may be several reasons for this – bright sunlight, dry air. It cannot be ruled out that the stromant is damaged by pests..
The sooner measures are taken to change the conditions of keeping the stromant, the more chances there are to restore the state of the flower and preserve it..
Insects can be the cause of pathological changes in the leaves of a plant. They spread quickly enough, so it is important not to miss the moment when pests appear..
The main enemy is most often the red spider mite for the stromant. It can be detected by the presence of light spots on the sheet and a thin cobweb on the back. After removing damaged leaves, the plant must be treated with soapy water. Dissolve liquid laundry soap in water (3 tablespoons per liter) and beat until fluffy. Using a sponge, cover each sheet with it and leave for 5 hours. After that, rinse the plant thoroughly with warm water, covering the soil to protect it from soap. After a week, carefully examine the plant. If there are signs of damage from a tick, you will have to treat it with a fungicide.
The scabbard on the stromant, or its close relative, the mealybug, is found in sticky lumps on the leaf surface. Pests feed on cell sap, sucking it out of the plant, as a result of which the leaves begin to dry and soon fall off. You can get rid of the scabbard with the help of a soapy solution, as is the case with a spider mite. Additionally, after treatment, spray the plant with Actellik solution.
The ability to resist pests and diseases of the stromant will only be able to if it is provided with full care.