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How to plant indoor and garden bergamot

Tell us how to plant bergamot? I collect exotic plants, growing them whenever possible. We live in the south, winter is relatively warm, thanks to which we even managed to get the first harvest from a pomegranate growing in the garden. In the house I have a tangerine tree, which is also already bearing fruit. Now there are places to grow bergamot, but I don’t know where it is better to plant it. Will the plant survive in the garden or is it better to leave it in a pot?

how to plant bergamot Bergamot is not only an incredibly fragrant spice that is added to tea and perfumery. It is also a beautiful ornamental plant with an evergreen crown and gorgeous flowering. Large inflorescences of white or purple color with a fragrant aroma bloom from March to April. In autumn, pear-shaped fruits with a sour-bitter taste ripen on the branches. Due to its beautiful appearance, this heat-loving culture can often be found in our area. How to plant a bergamot depends on where it will “live” (in the garden or in the house) and what species is grown. Let’s dwell on this in more detail..

Propagated by bergamot seeds, cuttings or dividing the bush.

Read: Monarda planting and care in the open field

Features of planting indoor bergamot

indoor bergamot Bergamot feels very good in room conditions, while it is considered the best representative of citrus fruits for these purposes. It is most often grown from seeds by planting them in a light nutritious substrate. Until the sprouts appear, the planting is kept in a greenhouse. Then you need to leave the strongest ones, and after the formation of a pair of real leaves, plant them in separate cups. For young plants, you need to mix humus, sand and leafy soil..

When growing bergamot by seed, it must be borne in mind that its growth rate will be much lower. In addition, such plants rarely flower and bear fruit without grafting..

You can speed up the formation of indoor bergamot by rooting cuttings. In any case, a light and warm windowsill should be allocated for the plant and frequent watering and spraying should be ensured. The exception is the winter period. At this time, the bush should be moved to a cool room and watering should be reduced. Keeping cool in winter promotes bud formation.

How to plant bergamot in the garden?

garden bergamot monardaDue to its southern character, a variety of bergamot called monarda feels best in the garden. These are tall rhizome grasses up to 1.5 m in height with straight branching stems. The oblong leaves with jagged edges give off a characteristic crop odor. Flowers painted in white, red, pink tones and their shades also smell.

For planting, they usually use ready-made seedlings purchased from the nursery. However, they are not difficult to grow on your own. Seeds are sown either in a pot and grown in a room, or directly into open ground in an improvised nursery. As the seedlings grow, they need to be transplanted to a permanent place. In a group planting, it is necessary to leave at least 0.5 m between the bushes, since over time they grow strongly in breadth.

For bergamot, it is better to set aside a bright and cozy corner in the garden, where it will not be annoyed by drafts. The soil should be light and nutritious. Poor soil must be fertilized with a mineral complex or organic matter.

You cannot plant garden bergamot in swampy and sour soil – it will not survive there. Monarda grows poorly in clay soil.

To preserve a lush crown and abundant flowering, it is recommended to transplant bergamot at about 6-7 years of age. It is better to do this in the fall, while thickened bushes can be divided into divisions and planted.

Video about growing bergamot monarda in the garden

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