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Is it possible to make a roof garden?

Relatives from America were visiting recently. They talked about the harvest of greens and tomatoes they had harvested – enough for the whole winter. And they live in the city on the 15th floor. I was very interested in this. Tell me, is it possible to make a rooftop garden and get a good harvest here in Russia??

Today, many townspeople grow various greens on their windowsills, and even tomatoes. But such a crop can be eaten in one go. If you want to stock up on food for the winter, and there is a suitable roof – why not? It is quite possible to create a rooftop garden in an urban setting.

zucchini on the roof of the house

Pros and cons of a rooftop garden

The main advantage of a rooftop garden is an increase in the length of daylight hours, which has a beneficial effect on light-loving plants (tomatoes, eggplants, peppers). In addition, it is always warmer on the roof and good air circulation. And since a specially disinfected substrate is used, the incidence of plants is reduced.

Of course, such a garden also has its drawbacks. First of all, it is the complexity of care – after all, you will have to carry everything you need on the roof in your hands.

Planted on the roof you need annual plants with a shallow root system.

It is better not to take risks with tuberous crops such as potatoes. They require a deeper soil layer, which will lead to an increase in the load on the roof..

roof garden

The principles of arranging a roof garden

When laying a “high-rise” garden, it is necessary to take into account the condition of the roof and the strength of the floors. The most reliable will be reinforced concrete structures. The roof should have an angle of inclination of no more than 30 degrees so that the area does not wash away with rain.

The roof is laid in layers:

  1. Waterproofing. So that the roof does not suffer as a result of irrigation, an ordinary film, polymer membranes or liquid rubber are laid directly on the roofing or a special wooden base.
  2. Root barrier. To prevent the waterproofing from being damaged by growing roots, aluminum foil is laid on top.
  3. A drainage layer is created for the free flow of water. It also retains the amount of water required for root growth. This is especially important on flat roofs where water is constantly stagnant. Medium and large expanded clay is used for drainage. Or you can take a special drainage and storage element for greening the roof. The holes made in it prevent stagnation of water and provide ventilation of the root system.
  4. The filtration layer is a dense geotextile, which takes care that the drainage does not clog and does not mix with the soil.
  5. Geogrid is a lightweight plastic construction with cells. She will fix the garden on a flat roof and prevent it from slipping.
  6. Fertile substrate. Neutral peat with fertilizers and fine expanded clay is best suited. The soil used must be light and porous. The thickness of the layer depends on the type of crop being grown. For raspberries and blackberries, it will be at least 40 cm.

As an alternative to the “puff” garden, you can use wooden boxes of various designs and place them on the roof at will. They are filled according to the same principle. It is recommended to plant plants of the same type in one box..

garden in boxes

Video on how to use the roof of a house for a vegetable garden

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