What is the value of the Phrygian cornflower – a gentle but very hardy plant from wild meadows
Tell us, what properties does the Phrygian cornflower have? Once upon a time I found it at the edge of the forest, dug it up and brought it home. And for many years now, a cornflower has been growing under my windows and I can say for sure – this is my most unpretentious plant. I do not care for him at all, I only cut off the dead wood, and it blooms and multiplies by itself. Recently I found out that my flower is not only beautiful, but also useful. Do not tell me what exactly?
Walking through the meadows, you do not even realize that you have under your feet not only a beautiful floral carpet, but also valuable raw materials with medicinal properties. One such meadow dweller is the Phrygian cornflower, a charming plant with delicate flowers. Gardeners have already appreciated both its gentle and long flowering and unpretentious character. Cornflower is not afraid of either heat or frost, and perennial bushes will delight you with their flowering for many years. But this is not all the advantages of a meadow inhabitant, because it is also curative..
Phrygian cornflower – botanical characteristics of the plant
This herbaceous perennial belongs to the Asteraceae family and grows in a rather tall bush more than 1 m in height. The ribbed erect stem has a purple hue and often branches. Basal leaves are attached with short petioles, stem leaves are sessile. They have a wide lanceolate shape, a sharp tip and small denticles along the edges. The length of the leaf reaches 15 cm with a width of up to 4 cm. Both the stem and foliage are covered with a small downy. Phrygian cornflower grows mainly in humid places near water bodies or in thickets of bushes.
The bushes bloom very beautifully: numerous corymbose inflorescences bloom on the tops of the shoots. They consist of baskets wrapped in dark brown leaflets-appendages. Deeply dissected petals are pink-purple.
Do not confuse the Phrygian cornflower with the meadow cornflower. The latter is distinguished by narrower and smaller stem leaves. In addition, its pubescence on the stem and leaves is denser..
Useful properties of cornflower
Phrygian cornflower is a good honey plant, thanks to which you can get honey products up to 300 kg / ha. And also its flowers contain tannins, saponins, glycosides, anthocyanins, vitamins and minerals.
Due to the rich chemical composition, cornflower inflorescences are used in folk medicine. As part of complex therapy, funds based on them:
- relieve swelling;
- stimulate the outflow of bile and urine;
- maintain visual acuity, relieve eye fatigue and treat conjunctivitis;
- have a beneficial effect on the work of the heart;
- calm the nervous system;
- normalize blood glucose levels;
- treat gastrointestinal diseases.
How to prepare medicinal raw materials
The maximum amount of nutrients is found in cornflower inflorescences. It blooms from the beginning of summer until autumn, so you will have enough time to prepare raw materials.
Dry the plucked edge flowers well, not in the sun, but under a canopy. Otherwise, they will fade and lose most of their properties. Before doing this, do not forget to cut off the receptacle and tubular flowers..
The finished raw material should retain its bright color and bitter taste, but not have any foreign aroma. You can store it for up to two years in fabric bags in a dry place..