When to whitewash fruit trees in autumn – important nuances of gardening
Tell me when to whitewash fruit trees in the fall? We have a young garden, which bears fruit for only a couple of years. In the spring we always pay special attention not only to preventive spraying, but also to whitewashing the trunks. But in the fall they have never done this, and the gardening experience is still not enough. At what time is it better to carry out this procedure, is it mandatory, and the better to whiten?
A well-groomed garden with slender rows of trees, dressed in white skirts after whitewashing, is pleasantly pleasing to the eye in the spring. However, over the summer, rains often wash it away, so it is important to renew the protective layer before the onset of frost. Knowing when to whitewash fruit trees in autumn, you can not only give the garden an aesthetic look, but also help in wintering and protect from diseases and pests.
Why do you need an autumn whitewash in the garden
Many beginners believe that snow-white trunks are needed for beauty. Indeed, whitewashed trees look well-groomed, but the main purpose of the procedure is protective and preventive. First of all, a layer of solution on the trunk and branches will prevent the appearance and further development of pathogenic fungi. In addition, it will not allow various garden pests to settle under the bark. On untreated trees, nothing prevents insects from wintering successfully.
But the most important thing in autumn whitewashing is protection from frost damage and burns. The temperature drop, when it is warm during the day and frost rages at night, leads to sad consequences. Under the influence of the sun, sap flows under the bark, and at night the sap freezes from frost. As a result, the bark on the trunk cracks, and frost cracks appear. Through them, trees become vulnerable to disease and pest attacks. A layer of white paint or solution repels the sun’s rays and prevents the awakening mechanism from starting. Whitewashed trees are not afraid of frost, get sick less often and live longer.
A double whitewashing of the garden is considered optimal: in spring and autumn. If a solution is used that is easily washed off by rains, the trees that have lost their protective layer are whitened again in the summer..
When to whitewash fruit trees in autumn
It is necessary to process the garden in dry weather, but the most important thing is to be in time before the arrival of the first frost. The temperature must still be above zero. Many gardeners are guided by leaf fall, but approximately this month is October.
The better to whiten
Everyone has their own “favorite recipe”, but in general, three preparations can be used for whitewashing:
- Plain lime. 3 kg of lime is enough for a bucket of water. In addition, add a little paste so that the whitewash adheres well. And in order for the solution to serve also as a disinfectant, 0.5 kg of copper sulfate is added. For young seedlings, use a less concentrated solution..
- Chalk. It is bred using a technology similar to the preparation of lime mortar..
- Water-based paint. It is harmless to mature trees and does not require additional components..
- Water-dispersive garden paint. Contains many useful additives and stays on trunks for up to 2 years.