Growing cucumbers outdoors: popular fruit varieties
This year we were not particularly pleased with the cucumber beds. Either the lack of rains affected, or the seeds turned out to be “wrong”. Tell me, which cucumbers are the most productive for open ground? I would like to make sure in advance to be with vegetables next season.
The choice of seeds is a responsible business for gardeners, especially for cucumbers. The heat-loving culture has a rather short growing season in comparison with the rest of the “garden dwellers”. In addition, summer, which is warm and humid at first, quickly becomes hot and scarce in precipitation. Therefore, it is important for gardeners to have time to grow vegetables before the whips and ovaries burn out under the scorching sun.
In the presence of a greenhouse, the timing and periods of fruiting vegetables can be controlled, but on the beds it all depends on the weather. In this case, it is necessary to choose the most suitable varieties that would meet the requirements and regional conditions for growing cucumbers..
Before talking about which varieties are the most productive for open ground, it is worth noting that self-pollinated cucumbers are the most suitable for the beds..
When choosing a variety of cucumbers, you also need to pay attention to factors such as:
- fruit size;
- what they will be used for (canning or salad);
- resistance to diseases and adverse weather conditions.
If the region is characterized by a short summer, it is better to plant early ripening cucumbers, in the case of a long summer period, late varieties are suitable.
Early cucumbers for planting in open ground
Of the early ripening fruitful cucumbers grown outside greenhouses and greenhouses, it is worth highlighting the following varieties:
- Madam. Fruits ripen after 48 days, each weighing up to 85 g. They grow in bunches, up to 7 pieces in each. Cucumbers have small tubercles, thin peel and do not taste bitter. Good in salads and pickles.
- Gourmet. A powerful, vigorous bush abundantly and amicably bears fruit with small (up to 13 cm in length) fruits weighing no more than 140 g each. Cucumbers with loose skin and sweet crunchy flesh, suitable for pickling. The variety is resistant to diseases and tolerates short-term temperature drop well..
- Salting. The medium-sized bush bears fruit for a long time and stably. Fruits weighing up to 135 g with large tubercles, do not overripe. The variety is ideal for canning and is resistant to major diseases..
Medium ripening cucumbers
Of the mid-season species, a good harvest of cucumbers is given by the following varieties:
- Lord F1. Fruits in small fruits no more than 12 cm long. Suitable for canning and salting. Virtually not affected by powdery mildew. Requires pollination by bees.
- Marinda F1. Dark green cucumbers weighing up to 75 g have a firm crunchy flesh and are widely used in canning. One square meter of the garden can grow 30 kg of cucumbers.
Late-ripening cucumbers for open beds
Growing late varieties of cucumbers allows you to get fresh vegetables before the onset of cold weather, as well as harvest them for the winter in any form. The most productive species are:
- Phoenix. Produces rather large (up to 220 g) fruits with crispy and sweet pulp.
- Winner. Long cucumbers with large tubercles grow until the very frost. The variety is rarely sick.