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Dome greenhouse: calculations and features of the arrangement

dome greenhouse The domed greenhouse is distinguished by the shape of a hemisphere, which is assembled from elements in the shape of a triangle. The frame is made of wood, plastic or metal elements. The model is distinguished by high decorative properties, functional advantages. You can do it yourself if you approach the process correctly..

Dome greenhouse: the advantages of choosing a design

excellent choice of design This design looks good in any area, especially if there is a lot of space. It is distinguished by its high strength and unusual architectural design..

Among the advantages of such a greenhouse are the following:

  1. Perfect aerodynamics. The model is suitable for all climates, including coping with strong hurricane winds. Air flows smoothly around the greenhouse.
  2. High strength. The structure can cover considerable distances without the need for serious support. This is because the weight is evenly distributed.
  3. Excellent appearance. Such a greenhouse differs from any other type in its unusual design. She leaves no one indifferent.
  4. Retains heat. If necessary, the greenhouse can be used in the winter if an insulated structure is erected as a capital structure.
  5. If you place a container with water in the center, it gives off additional heat at night. Besides, it can be used for watering plants..

Dome designs retain heat better than standard models. This is due to the special shape and microclimate that is created in the interior. This is especially true for small domes due to the ability to create a sealed interior space..

Greenhouse design features

design features of the greenhouseThe dome-type greenhouse provides a high temperature for a long time. This does not require additional heating elements. This is due to the fact that the structure heats up during the day, and gives off heat at night..

The domed greenhouse has the following features:

  • construction and heating costs are reduced due to the small area of ​​the cells;
  • the mass is evenly distributed around the perimeter, even if it is settled over a large area;
  • it is suitable for construction in earthquake-prone regions, as it can withstand significant tremors.

The design not only has advantages when growing vegetables and herbs. It fits well into the surrounding landscape, especially if there are gazebos or a well with wood trim on the territory.

The model is distinguished by excellent external data, strength, low weight. All this allows you to use the greenhouse for a long time. The parameters allow you to set the external material as a film or glass. Polycarbonate elements can be selected.

When a do-it-yourself domed greenhouse is organized, the drawings ensure the accuracy of the design. Only in this case, you can select the required amount of materials, determine the required area, build a work plan.

The dome covers an area of ​​up to a thousand square meters. Therefore, the design can be used not only at a summer cottage or suburban area, but also for growing vegetables for commercial purposes..

A distinctive feature – the domes are combined into effective complexes.

We carry out preliminary calculations

preliminary calculationsBefore starting work, do-it-yourself calculation of the domed greenhouse. A formula has been developed that allows you to accurately determine the area of ​​a spherical dome.

The formula for calculating the area of ​​a circle is used: S = π* r2, where r is the radius, and the number π = 3.14. A simple formula can be used to determine the area of ​​a spherical dome based on the radius. If the dome height is ½ diameter, this will be the best option. Then the following formula is used: S = 2 π* r2.

So, if the dome has a diameter of 4 meters, the greenhouse should have a height of 2 meters, the dome consists of 35 triangles with ribs 1.23 meters long and 30 triangles with ribs 1.09 meters.

How to organize a greenhouse yourself

self-constructionA spherical greenhouse is not very difficult for independent work. First, preparatory work is carried out. A calculation is made, after which a drawing is drawn up. A place for construction work is being selected. It must be flat and free of construction and household waste, tree foliage.

A foundation is being erected for the capital structure. It can be welded or tape. If it is planned to erect a strip foundation, a pit is first pulled out. If the foundation is not needed, the place is covered with geotextiles, on which sand or fine gravel is laid.

dome greenhouse base and frameA polycarbonate domed greenhouse requires the installation of a base. This is usually a small polygon-shaped wall. If a large number of corners are provided, large triangles are created. The 12-corner design is optimal. The height of the dome is of great importance. The low ceiling is inconvenient during use. Optimal height – 2-2.5 meters.

The frame is being equipped. This requires the following actions:

  • bars of the same length are prepared;
  • sawn timber under the door in accordance with the drawing and predetermined dimensions;
  • triangles are cut out of the material for the roof (when covering with a film, this is optional);
  • installation of triangles is carried out;
  • parts are assembled and fixed with self-tapping screws;
  • the door is being installed.

At the final stage, the coating is installed. Glasses are fastened with strips, polycarbonate – with self-tapping screws. The film can be pressed with strips or simply nailed to the frame.

optimal greenhouse designWhen choosing a domed greenhouse, you can get an optimal design that maintains an optimal temperature and humidity level. You can provide ventilation, use the greenhouse almost all year round. It provides good conditions for growing crops..

How a domed greenhouse differs from an arched greenhouse – video

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