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Incessant hassle at the farm in the January cold

January chores at the farm Despite the fact that January is the golden mean of winter, summer residents do not have to rest on their laurels. Especially for those who care for chickens, rabbits, piglets, goats and nutria. I want to take off my hat in front of them, because the chores in the household yard are the most responsible.

In one famous book it is written that a righteous person cares about the life of his livestock. Indeed, this hard work is worthy of sincere praise. What kind of work is required to be done on the yard when it is January outside? Let’s try to figure it out.

Chickens are a bird worthy of attention

chickens walking in winter Poultry are often the first to appear on the farm. They are not only a source of delicious meat, but also provide summer residents with eggs. Therefore, in winter they require special attention to themselves..

warm chicken coopIn the northern latitudes of Russia, where frosts crack outside the window for several months in a row, birds need warm rooms. In January, caring chicken owners make additional insulation for their pets. In places where winters are much milder, it is necessary to change the flooring more often and to close the gaps arising from weather conditions. This will help maintain the optimal temperature in the barn for the chickens to overwinter. As a result, they will not get sick and will thank the owners with fresh eggs..

sprouted grain feedingIn winter, chickens need not only warmth, but also a balanced diet, consisting of the following feeds:

  1. Vitamins. They are obtained from sprouted grains. To do this, it is sown in boxes, and when green shoots appear, they are cut and given to the birds..
  2. Calcium. Wise summer residents do not throw eggshells into the trash, but grind and give them to chickens.
  3. Boiled potatoes. It is considered a source of protein, is well absorbed and therefore very useful during the winter cold..

Such a healthy feed in January will prepare the birds for spring broods of chickens, which means that the chickens will not run out of time in the farm..

Rabbits are not only valuable fur

rabbit prepares for lambingWith the arrival of January, the owners of rabbits understand that winter is not over yet and there are many cold days ahead. Especially if the animals are kept on the street. First of all, you need to take care of the insulation of the cells. To do this, use various improvised items, including the following:

  • straw;
  • felt fabric;
  • foam sheets;
  • polycarbonate.

fattening of young animalsTo keep the rabbits warm, the mesh floor in the cage is covered with dry straw. You can also place thick wooden pallets there. All cracks must be closed to protect the rabbits from the cold winter winds. To do this, use polycarbonate, foam or plywood..

In regions with severe frosts, rabbitries are covered with old wadded blankets.

Despite the January cold, it is at this time that it is time to think about offspring. In order for rabbits to appear strong and healthy, you must carefully examine your pets before mating. Bunnies who previously refused to feed their cubs or even ate them are not suitable for the new generation.. selection of animals for breedingThe best option is healthy, well-fed, but not fat, individuals that have reached puberty. Usually they should be over 3.5 months old. To get good offspring, it is better to breed mature animals: male – 4 or 5 months, female – about 8.

Should not be used for mating animals that show any discomfort. Any irritation, rash, or sluggish behavior indicates internal illness.

When the choice is made, the pregnant rabbits are placed in separate uterine cells. They are also insulated with styrofoam, straw and blankets. If there are severe frosts on the street for a long time, it is advisable to transfer the mother plant to a dry room..

balanced dietIn whatever region rabbits are kept, they all need good nutrition. If the owners thought about this in the summer, then the rabbits will see the following food on their “table”:

  • juicy carrots;
  • fodder beet;
  • Jerusalem artichoke;
  • hay;
  • tree branches;
  • compound feed.

Pregnant individuals are supposed to be given vitamins daily in January. It is for this purpose that special compound feeds have been created, with a full range of nutrients..

Picky nutria in winter

content of nutria in winterThe cute animals that came to us from South America – nutria – have long been the favorites of the household. They wonderfully take root in an area where frosts crack in winter and a lot of snow. And also in warmer latitudes of the planet.

little nutriaIf we live in the northern part of Russia, in January the nutria should have been living in an insulated room for a long time. To do this, summer residents pre-insulate the shed on the farm yard in order to place animals there in winter. In addition, a dense flooring of dried grass or straw is placed in each house. This is how the tail and delicate paws of animals protect from frost.

It has been observed that homemade nutria can do without bathing. Therefore, in places where winters are cold, you do not need to put a vat of water for them..

In regions with milder winters, cages can only be insulated if a suitable barn is not available. In addition, at above-zero temperatures, you can arrange for the nutria a holiday of bathing in a wide vat of water. Although they will not say “thank you”, the owners will be pleased to watch the happy animals.swimming nutria

In order to successfully breed nutria, in January it is necessary to select animals suitable for mating. When identifying a male, you should pay attention to his parents. In general, they should be flawless: excellent outer sheen of the fur, a painless body, an active lifestyle. selection of nutria for reproductionIf males are picked up, they are separated into a free cage and a calm female is placed next to them. Those individuals who actively “flirt” with nutria are ready to produce high-quality offspring. On average, breeding males are at least 7 months old.

When choosing a male, it is advisable to observe his vital activity. If he is inactive, females will beat him, aggressive – he can injure the skin of a female nutria. Therefore, the choice falls on the best animals..

When picking up a female, you should pay attention to her health. Nutria should have a nice coat, eat well and be free from visible damage. Her behavior determines the degree of desire to mate.. female nutriaUsually, during this period, the female actively runs around the cage, paddles with her front paws, eats poorly and often urinates. Her genitals become swollen and scarlet. In addition, when meeting a male, nutria sniffs him and follows him around the house. Such signs indicate that the female is ready to mate..

complex nutritionIt is important to try to feed the nutria with high-quality food in January. Their diet includes various root crops, corn, pumpkin, grain. They also do not refuse hay, barley straw or sunflower. They love to eat Jerusalem artichokes. Although during the winter cold the nutria do not eat as actively as in the summer, one should not deprive them of the pleasure of eating their favorite “dishes”.

Of course, not only chickens, rabbits and nutria live in the farm. Many rural workers raise piglets, goats and cows. They try to make every effort to make the animals feel comfortable all year round. And January is a wonderful start for well-coordinated work on the farm..

Winter goat care – video

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