Pheasants at home: types of breeds, rules of care
Pheasants feel good at home and it is not very difficult to grow them. These are very beautiful birds, which are kept in private estates for decorative purposes. In farms, they can bring considerable profit, since the meat of this bird is used for food..
Pheasants at home: breeding and conditions of detention
The bird can be grown in small quantities for yourself. If the farm is large, farm, then it will bring considerable profit. Therefore, the number of pheasants in one farm can be about 10 thousand individuals..
If the main task is to obtain meat, then the birds are kept in cages. If it is necessary to increase the population, it is better to keep in free-range conditions.
The territory is covered with sand, the size is calculated as follows: for 1 bird – at least 2 m2 in a building for sleeping and at least 10 m2 in an enclosure for walking. Fenced off with a metal mesh, necessarily covered with a “roof” made of nylon mesh. A canopy is needed so that the pheasants have a place to hide from the scorching sun or rain.
In the bird pen, lay out branches, logs, a dry tree to simulate natural conditions. Arrange small “baths” of sand mixed with ash for pheasants to clean in them.
The most popular breeds of pheasants for breeding:
- Diamond. The breed is originally from China. Outwardly, a very beautiful bird, therefore, these pheasants are kept more for decorative purposes. They are demanding on the ambient temperature (they cannot withstand below -250 C). They rarely grow more than 1 kg; fish oil and vitamins must be included in the diet. Egg production – up to 30 pieces.
- Gold. A beautiful decorative breed of birds. They give few eggs, up to 25 pieces, the weight is not large, about 1 kg. They do not tolerate frosts, at a temperature of -200 C, birds die. They need to be fed not only with greens, but also with vitamins, be sure to add fish oil.
- Silver. The most popular pheasant species. They take root well in Russia. The birds of this weather have dense plumage, which protects them in frosts of about -300 C. Birds are large, weighing 5 kg. Each of them brings 50 eggs per season..
The main condition for keeping pheasants is less noise on the site. Birds are incredibly shy in nature. Any abrupt changes in mode or if another person starts feeding them, the birds begin to lay fewer eggs. Pheasants do not need artificial lighting.
Pheasant care in winter and summer
The pheasant family is 1 male and 2 or 3 females, no more is needed, otherwise there will be fewer eggs, they will be unfertilized. From February to March, families of pheasants are kept in separate rooms. Two males cannot be put in a common pen at this time, otherwise they will start to arrange fights for females. After the breeding period, birds can be placed in a common pen..
The first herd of pheasant eggs can hatch.
Females lay eggs for 2-2.5 months. Each weighs 30 g. The total number of eggs from one individual is up to 50 pieces. Eggs can be incubated by either a female pheasant or a regular chicken. Incubator hatching is also fine..
If it is planned to incubate eggs by female pheasants, then they need to equip the nests: it is enough to dig a small depression and put dry grass in it. You can use old baskets made of willow twigs for these purposes..
Pheasants are not capricious in terms of their diet. They will eat food typical for chickens: wet mash, as well as green food. Food consumption per bird per day is 100 g, for a year this turns out to be 36-38 kg. Birds should have enough protein in their diet for good egg production and young birds gain muscle weight quickly..
- Food for chicks. They are fed up to two months of age with ready-made feed for broilers or turkey poults: it contains 25-27% protein. Also, in the very first days, boiled eggs can be given to chicks, which are mixed with chopped herbs. Milk whey is poured instead of water. Then they are gradually transferred to compound feed for chickens. By the end of the first week, you can cook millet porridge. After 2 months, feed exactly the same as adults.
- Food for adult pheasants. Can be fed with compound feed or grain (barley, corn, wheat). The proportion of grain in the mixture is about 60%. Fresh vegetables, vitamin C, and just a little sugar should be added. Crushed chalk and fish meal (10%) are added as a source of minerals. An important element of the diet is the addition of fish oil (up to 1%). Only cold water is poured into drinkers. There should be a lot of drinking bowls, as well as containers with feed, they are located under a canopy. To increase the percentage of fertilized eggs, antibiotics are mixed with food during the breeding season. It can be erythromycin or penicillin, biovit is also suitable. In winter, you need to add vitamins to increase the immunity of pheasants..
Pheasants will gladly eat Colorado potato beetles, and gain well in weight from these pests of potatoes.
Like any poultry, the pheasant can get sick. Therefore, it is important to observe their behavior, how readily they eat food..
When the first signs of illness appear, you should contact your veterinarian as soon as possible..
The main diseases of pheasants can be divided into three categories:
- Invasive. These include lice and scabies. The down-eater settles on the feathers of the bird; in the summer, almost all individuals are sick. To prevent them from pestering pheasants, it is necessary to equip them with sand baths. Mites provoke scabies. At the same time, the pheasant’s head becomes bald, a limestone-like plaque is formed. All wounds on the body of the bird must be treated with a neguven (concentration 0.15%). In extreme cases, for both lesions, pheasants are treated with insecticides.
- Non-communicable diseases. In this group, emphysema and dermatitis are most common. With emphysema, the air sac ruptures, the wings are tied to the bird, and its mobility is limited. In the case of dermatitis, the body is covered with ulcers with a red crust. These inflammations are the result of injury to the skin. Places are treated with iodine, the dosage of vitamins in the diet is increased.
- Infectious diseases. Aspergillosis, laryngotracheitis and smallpox are three diseases that often affect pheasants. Aspergillosis provokes a fungus that settles on the lungs of the bird. Pheasants’ paws and beak turn blue from it. They are treated with antifungal drugs. Lagingotracheitis requires laboratory confirmation, treatment should only be prescribed by a veterinarian. Its main symptom is decreased appetite, cough, poor egg production. Smallpox is a viral disease that leads to death. It manifests itself in the form of a rash on the skin, hoarseness, the bird eventually suffocates. Externally, they are treated with a solution of Lugol, antiviral agents are prescribed inside..
Breeding pheasants is a very profitable investment: in six months or a year, the money spent pays off. Their meat is very tasty, in demand among restaurateurs, some breeds are distinguished by high egg production. So far, not so many farms are engaged in breeding these birds. However, to start a business from scratch, you have to work hard..