Antibiotic Baytril: instructions for use with a detailed description
Various diseases of pets and livestock create many difficulties for their owners. To rid animals of all kinds of infections and bacteria, veterinarians suggest using Baytril. The instructions for the use of this antibiotic contain a detailed guide for the treatment of pets, as well as the recommended dosage of the drug for each of them..
Indications and active ingredient of the drug Baytril
This tool is an “ambulance” for all occasions. The medication is known for its antibacterial as well as antimycoplasmotic action. Its compounds are excellent at fighting all sorts of bacteria..
A generic medicine is attributed to diagnoses such as:
- necrotizing enteritis;
- Proteus syndrome;
- mixed infections, viruses;
For the treatment of birds, the drug is administered orally. In all other cases, a subcutaneous injection is administered..
It is worth knowing that the active ingredient of Baytril is enrofloxacin. It is under this name that the international community knows him. 1 ml of a 5% solution contains up to 50 mg of a pure antibiotic, and a 10% solution contains 100 mg. Once in the bloodstream, the chemical compound quickly penetrates the tissues of organs, and then into the cells of bacteria. At this stage, enrofloxacin “interferes” with the work of DNA, disrupting its replication. Thus, the growth and reproduction of viruses, bacteria and microbes is interrupted..
In 20-30 minutes after the injection, the concentration of the drug in the blood reaches its maximum level. It retains its therapeutic ability for 24 hours.
Miraculous Baytril: instructions for use
First of all, the drug is used to treat birds. The duration of such therapy lasts 3 days. If symptoms of salmonellosis or mixed infections are observed, then the treatment is extended up to 5 days.
Instructions for use Baytril 10 for birds contains some features of use:
- the daily dosage for 1 individual is calculated depending on its weight – for 1 kg of its weight there is 10 mg of solution;
- the antibiotic is given to the birds along with drinking water: 50 ml of concentrate is added for every 100 liters of liquid;
- skipping the next dosage of Baytril for chickens is contraindicated;
- a fresh solution is prepared daily, since its shelf life lasts 24 hours;
- it is forbidden to use chloramphenicol, theophylline, macrolides, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and tetracycline simultaneously with this drug.
The antibiotic should not be given to laying hens, as its active ingredient will accumulate in the eggs.
If for some reason the procedure was missed, then according to the instructions for using Baytril, treatment for goslings begins from the very beginning. In doing so, the same scheme is used. In some cases, no clinical improvement may be observed after 3 days. Then it is necessary to re-examine the excreta of the birds. You may have to prescribe another antibacterial drug.
Veterinarians often attribute Baytril to parrots. The antibiotic instructions for use suggest the following dosage: 0.5-1 ml / l of water. Such proportions are relevant for chicks of turkeys and chickens..
Poultry for slaughter can be cooked 11-14 days after the last injection. If you had to kill her earlier, then the meat should be used as feed for other animals..
Features of Baytril application for pigs, calves
The range of application of this antibiotic is quite wide. It is recommended for use in infectious diseases not only of the gastrointestinal tract, but also of the respiratory tract (organs).
Instructions for the use of Baytril for pigs and calves contains a list of such dangerous diseases:
- diseases of the genitourinary system;
- pneumonia (bacterial and enzootic);
- atrophic rhinitis;
- MMA syndrome (metritis-mastitis-agalactia).
Enrofloxacin is excreted using urine or bile. Often the substance remains unchanged, although sometimes it is released as a metabolite.
In pigs, the drug is administered intramuscularly with the calculation of 2.5 ml of enrofloxacin per 100 kg of individual weight. In the same amount, the antibiotic is intended for calves, but only the injection is done subcutaneously. Instructions for use Baytril indicates that the procedure is carried out once per knocking for 5 days – for calves and 3 days – for piglets. For prophylactic purposes, as well as in the treatment of MMA, injections are made for only 1-2 days.
Although there are no side effects from taking the drug, irritation and an allergic reaction may appear at the injection site. In some cases, there is a gastrointestinal disorder.
Baytril – Rescue of Cats and Dogs
For pets, veterinarians recommend using a 2.5% antibiotic solution. Inject it subcutaneously.
Baytril’s instruction for cats contains some features of its use:
- dosage – 0.2 ml per 1 kg of animal weight;
- give only 1 injection per day;
- the course of treatment is 3-10 days.
After 3-5 days, the result should appear. If this does not happen, it is necessary to send the microorganisms isolated to the animals for re-examination. Since the drug is considered a highly effective agent, it should not be used in the treatment of animals in the first year of their life. In addition, it should not be administered to pregnant females or during their lactation..
To avoid pain symptoms, manufacturers recommend giving injections in different places. The maximum dose for each area of the body should not exceed 2.5 ml..
Rabbits and the antibiotic Baytril
Many infectious and viral diseases manifest as dire symptoms. Bacteria often infect rabbits. Therefore, many pastoralists are trying to use enrofloxacin for prophylactic purposes. To do this, they dilute 5 ml of an antibiotic (10% solution) in 10 liters of liquid and give this water to animals for several days. There are no specific indications for the treatment of rabbits in the Baytril instructions..
However, veterinarians suggest using a 5% solution in the following sequence:
- up to 5 mg of the drug is added per 1 kg of the individual weight;
- the course of therapy continues for 5 days;
- injected daily into the back of the thigh.
Such treatment is recommended in cases where the disease progresses very strongly. Among other things, experts advise using a 2.5% solution, especially if rabbits weigh less than 1 kg. The injection is administered subcutaneously at a ratio of 0.2 ml / kg. The treatment lasts 3 to 5 days. Drinking is carried out using a syringe, collecting only 0.1 ml of antibiotic, and everything else is liquid.
It is worth knowing that the injection is quite painful, so veterinarians do not recommend injecting it intramuscularly. Also, the injection site may be red and swollen..
Technical features of the drug Baytril
After opening the vial, the antibiotic must be used within the first 28 days. Enrofloxacin can be stored in a hermetically sealed package for 3 years.
Moreover, it is worth considering the conditions of keeping the drug:
- at a temperature of 5-25˚С;
- in a dry place;
- separate from food;
- not in direct sunlight;
- in a tightly closed bottle.
At the same time, it is important to always adhere to the dosage and the duration of the course of treatment exactly. Otherwise, dependence on the constituent components of the drug may develop. This reduces the effectiveness of the antibiotic. This concludes the instructions for using Baytril. But it is better that the animals are always healthy, and for this you need to look closely at them and take good care of them..