We study turkey diseases in order to provide timely assistance to the bird
Like any other poultry, turkeys are susceptible to various diseases. Diseases of turkeys, if the necessary measures are not taken in time, can lead to serious consequences, up to the death of the entire livestock. Therefore, a farmer breeding these birds needs to be able to distinguish healthy individuals from diseased ones..
Signs of a weakened individual
The main signs of a weakened bird are:
- Decreased activity. The turkey is constantly sitting, and when getting up it can fall. Gait becomes wobbly.
- The turkey hides in a far corner, avoiding the company of his fellows.
- The appearance of the bird is changing. The plumage becomes disheveled, loses its luster.
- A painful shine appears in the eyes. Eye sockets sink.
The apathy of a turkey is a sure sign of an impending or already frowning illness. Therefore, it’s time to start taking the necessary measures..
Diseases of turkeys that are not contagious
Non-communicable diseases are usually caused by mistakes in caring for and feeding birds..
This pathology can develop with feeding errors. In particular, if the solids content is too high. It can also be caused by long breaks in feeding..
Treatment here is ineffective and the bird will have to be sent for slaughter..
A milder form is saggy goiter, which should be treated by a veterinarian..
This happens if there is a lack of any vitamins in the diet. Lack of vitamin A causes insufficient weight gain in young turkey poults, and eye problems may appear, which begin to cloudy and watery. Lack of B vitamins can lead to paralysis of the legs.
In case of vitamin deficiency, it is necessary to start adding vitamin supplements to the feed..
Problems with the joints of the legs
Insufficient bone development can lead to weakening of the leg muscles. Inverted joints are a sign of arthritis..
Arthritis-related joint diseases in turkeys are treated with antibiotics, which should be given within a week..
The joints can also be affected by arthrosis, leading to their deformation. It causes strong painful sensations, which the bird seeks to eliminate by immobility..
Infectious diseases of turkeys
Infection spreads quickly among turkeys as they are in confined spaces and constantly in contact with each other..
At the first signs of the development of an infectious disease, the diseased turkey poults should be immediately removed and treated..
The upper respiratory tract is affected. The presence of sinusitis may be the answer to the question of why turkeys have a swollen face. Swelling of the cheeks is usually accompanied by an increase in the size of the turkey’s head.
Symptoms of the disease also include:
- breathing disorder;
- discharge from the sinuses;
- swelling of the oral mucosa;
- lethargic behavior;
- weight reduction.
Every farmer should know how to treat if turkeys sneeze and other signs of a cold appear. The therapy started on time will help to cope with this ailment. First of all, it is necessary to start giving antibiotics such as biomycin, terramycin, streptomycin.
Pets should be placed in a warm place; medicinal decoctions from chamomile and dill seeds should be added to their drink. You can also add honey there..
It must be remembered that the causative agents of the disease can also be people caring for turkeys, and be careful.
Smallpox in turkeys is a serious contagious disease. Various types of viruses can act as a causative agent..
The main sign of the onset of the disease is the appearance of pockmarks on the skin. Infection from a diseased individual can occur through food, close contact, especially if there is damage to the skin. Therefore, it is necessary to immediately plant the sick turkey and disinfect the cage in which it was located, as well as the place of walking and the equipment used..
Treatment consists in lubricating the affected areas with a solution of iodine in glycerin in equal parts. First, you need to clean the existing pockmarks. The eyes of diseased turkey poults should be washed with a solution of 2% boric acid.
To prevent this disease in turkeys, it is necessary to vaccinate starting from 6 weeks after birth every six months.
Among turkey diseases, there is such an unpleasant one as damage to the liver and intestines, called histomonosis. The causative agents of histominosis are the simplest microorganisms. Young turkey poults are most susceptible to the causative agent..
In a free environment, pathogens die, but they feel great in earthworms, worm eggs, flies and the excrement of infected birds. Symptoms and treatment of turkey histomonosis should be known to every farmer who breeds this bird..
The earliest symptom that is hard to miss is the fetid odor of bird feces. The excrement gradually turns brown. Turkeys lose interest in food, weakness and apathy appear.
For the treatment of this disease, Furazolidone is used, which is introduced into the feed at the rate of 0.04% per day. The duration of the therapeutic treatment is a couple of weeks. Then, after a break, the course is repeated. The use of the drug Osarsol, added to the feed, depending on the value of the live weight of the turkey, is also effective..
Mycoplasmosis is essentially a contagious form of rhinitis. The causative agent of this disease is mycoplasma. The symptoms of mycoplasmosis in turkeys are clearly visible in the photo. A characteristic sign of the disease is swelling in the intermaxillary space. The mucous membrane of the eyes becomes inflamed. The infraorbital sinuses are subject to change. Therefore, a tumor under the eye of a turkey is a sign of mycoplasmosis..
It becomes difficult for infected birds to breathe. They begin to cough and wheeze. Severe shortness of breath appears. Signs of arthritis may appear when the joints become swollen and inflamed. There are negative changes in the gastrointestinal tract. Diarrhea may develop. The nervous system is affected, resulting in a shaky, unsteady gait.
This type of disease often occurs with hypothermia and excessive humidity, lack of vitamins, low immunity.
In case of untimely treatment, the death of the bird may occur. Therefore, one of the antibiotics should be introduced into the diet: Chlortetracycline or Oxytetracycline.
Prevention is to maintain a normal temperature regime in turkey habitats..
This common turkey disease mainly affects young animals. Infection can occur from contaminated bedding, feeders and drinkers.
Coccids destroy the gastrointestinal tract, which can lead to death. Turkey poults with illness begin to squeak plaintively. Treatment for coccidiosis is with antibiotics prescribed by your veterinarian..
Otherwise, this turkey disease is called pseudo-plague and is a dangerous viral disease. One of the symptoms is a rise in temperature. Convulsions are possible. For treatment, injections of the drug Catosal are used.
Infection can take on the nature of an epidemic, so it is imperative to quickly isolate sick turkey poults.